Data


Found 427 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Towards mineral magnetic based millennial time scales in Late Pleistocene Danubian Loess-Palaeosol Sequences Temporal

The understanding of the climate system of the Earth’s, its present day state, and the prediction of its future states requires the detailed knowledge of its history. Sedimentary archives are the bases of almost any historical approach to the Earth’s climate system – the palaeoclimate research. Aeolian dust sediments (loess) are beside marine/lacustrine sediments, peat bogs and arctic ice cores the key archives especially for the reconstruction of the palaeoclimate in the Eurasian continental mid-latitudes....
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Environmental Conditions on the corridor of human migration between 40,000 and 14,000 a BP in Balkan region. A multi-proxy approach on loess-paleosol profiles doi Temporal

This contribution focuses on two PhD projects, which are integrated within the collaborative research centre 806 “Our way to Europe” at the University of Cologne and the RWTH Aachen University (Germany). The main research focus is the migration of anatomical modern human (AMH) to Europe. We concentrate on the paleoenvironmental conditions on the route through southeastern Europe. This links the region with the earliest fossils of Homo sapiens sapiens (so far known) in the Middle East, Anatolia, the...
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Multiple environmental change at the time of the Modern Human passage through the Middle East – First results from geoarchaeological investigations on Upper Pleistocene sediments in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) doi Temporal

Upper Pleistocene sediments at Wadi Sabra (Ma’an District, Jordan) were geoarcheologically investigated from 2008–2010. The Wadi Sabra valley system, situated east of the Dead Sea Rift and south of the ancient Nabataean capital of Petra, has preserved sedimentary deposits which are connected with several Upper Paleolithic sites. First results from sedimentological and geochemical analysis supported by archeological and radiometric dating provide evidence of fluvial and fluvio-eolian sedimentation during...
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The Central European Magdalenian – Regional diversity and internal variability Spatial Temporal

The general objective of this thesis has been to better understand the regional diversity of Central European Magdalenian (CEM) hunter-gatherer groups and thereby to gain a more profound comprehension of Late Upper Palaeolithic interaction networks and of the spatio-temporal processes during the recolonisation of Central Europe after the Last Glacial Maximum. In addition, this study aimed at a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge about the CEM and the provision of a detailed compilation...
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Paleolimnology of Lake Iznik (NW Turkey) during the past ~ 31 ka cal BP Spatial Temporal

Lake Iznik, situated in the Marmara region (NW Turkey), is an alkaline lake with about 300 km2 surface area, inserted in an area of typical Mediterranean climate. During the dry summer season, carbonates are precipitating from the water column. The endogen carbonate accumulation, e.g. aragonite, is expected to hold past climate information. A detailed understanding of the limnological system is required to differentiate site specific signals and responses to climatic forcing. Geochemical and mineralogical...
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Late Quaternary landscape evolution in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) based on sedimentological and geochemical investigations Spatial Temporal

This Ph.D.-thesis focuses on the Levant as a potential main corridor of human dispersal from Africa to Europe during the Upper Pleistocene. For the related palaeoenvironmental research in the Eastern Mediterranean region, significant and reliable climate proxies as well as Palaeolithic in-situ sites are scarce. Consequently, the investigation of environmental interactions and migration pathways of ancient human cultures requires advances in the prospection of archaeological sites and associated...
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Culture Change and Continuity in the Eastern Mediterranean during Rapid Climate Change: Assessing the Vulnerability of Neolithic Communities to a Little Ice Age in the Seventh Millennium calBC Temporal

In the past several years there has been increasing interest in a short interval of abrupt climate change known to have occurred towards the end of the 7th millennium calBC, most often referred to as the 8.2 ka calBP event. Growing numbers of studies have discussed the role of this interval in coincident Neolithic culture change in the region of the Eastern Mediterranean, albeit lacking a true comprehension of 1) the superordinate climate mechanism, and 2) further-reaching implications, e.g. the early...
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Demographie der Jäger und Sammler im späten Jungpaläolithikum Spatial Temporal

This PhD-thesis investigated the demography of Late Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer populations, when Europe was repopulated after the Last Glacial Maximum. The study deals with estimations of regional differentiated population densities and associated settlement patterns. A method based on GIS techniques is used to upscale archaeological data from key sites and regions to culturally homogenous contextual areas in Europe. Based on the spatial density of Late Upper Palaeolithic sites, GIS-calculated...
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Nutrient status in prehistoric agricultural soils – indications from geochemical analyses of archaeological topsoil relicts Spatial Temporal

At the beginning of agriculture in Central Europe during the Neolithic (at about 5,500 BC) first farmers started to utilise the fertile loess areas. However, archaeologists have shown that the location shifted between settlement areas and, therefore, also between agricultural fields. Besides cultural and other environmental variables, it has been assumed that decreasing soil fertility was one key factor leading to human mobility. To test this hypothesis, the soil nutrient status and organic matter origin in...
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Technological and Typological Change at the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Boundary in Lebanon Spatial Temporal

The dissertation is based on the study of lithics in order to explore cultural-historic connections across the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic boundary in Lebanon between 50-35,000 years ago on one hand, and between different regions in the Levant on the other. Besides the study of some 10 assemblages from Lebanon, additional data was acquired through published literature. For the first time, it could be testified that so called transitional industries in Lebanon are not connected to the preceding Middle...
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Continuity vs. Discontinuity. Epipaleolithic and Early Neolithic in the Mediterranean Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula Spatial Temporal

This study deals with the Neolithization process on a regional scale in SE Spain. The narrow chronological and spatial focus on the Epipaleolithic-Early Neolithic transition in Murcia, Almería, Granada and Málaga is a unique characteristic of this study. 10 lithic inventories and vessel units of five pottery assemblages of Epipaleolithic and Early Neolithic origin were recorded systematically in a database that is available in www.nespos.org associated with the DOI 10.12853/RESDB.NESPOS.0001. Attribute...
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Vegetation and climate history of the southern Levant during the last 30,000 years based on palynological investigation Spatial Temporal

Paleo-vegetation of northern Israel is reconstructed from palynological data over the Late Pleistocene and Holocene, and related to climate variation in the Levant, as well as anthropogenic impact on vegetation. Being located in the arid-to-semi-arid climatic transitional zone, the modern and past vegetation in northern Israel comprises both, Mediterranean macchia, and Irano-Turanian steppe assemblages, and thus is highly sensitive to climate change. Palynological analyses were carried out on two...
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