Found 181 datasets

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Blazi Cave - an in situ Epigravettian site in Albania SFB806 doi

The Epigravettian site of Blazi cave represents so far the only undisturbed and securly dated Epigravettian site in Albania. The new data fill a research gap for the time of the Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Eastern Adriatic. During the GAP (German-Albanian Palaeolithic research project) campaign in 2015, a large sample of stone artefacts and animal bones was excavated. Their spatial distribution and good preservation indicate an in situ position of the archaeological layer. The tool spectrum contains a...
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Carpatian Basin 30ky bp GIS data set SFB806 doi Spatial

To provide paleoenvironmental data for a GIS and geostatistic based Species Distribution Modelling (SDM) application, this comprehensive GIS data set was created. The data set consists of DEM based topography, and of paleoclimate layers, that were used as environmental predictor variables for SDM application.

Impacts of surface boundary conditions on regional climate model simulations of European climate during the Last Glacial Maximum doi

We examine the influences of North Atlantic sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and vegetation on regional climate simulations over Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Simulated regional temperature and precipitation patterns over Europe are considerably improved when using revised SSTs based on proxy data. Likewise, the simulated permafrost is more accurately reproduced with the SST modifications. These improvements are partially related to the changed regional atmospheric circulation due to the...
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Neandertals or Early Modern Humans? A revised 14C chronology and geoarchaeological study of the Szeletian sequence in Szeleta Cave (Kom. Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) in Hungary

Szeleta Cave near Miskolc (Hungary) is the eponymous site for the Szeletian technological group thought to reflect the last occurrence of Neanderthals in Central Europe. Because the Szeletian lithic industry contains both Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic elements, it is usually regarded as a “transitional” industry. As such, the development of a precise age model for the Szeletian would add substantial information to a period of population replacements in Europe. This concerns the timing of...
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Mikromorphologische Untersuchung des spätpaläolithischen Fundplatzes Blazi Cave (Albanien) SFB806 doi

Im Verlauf dieser Arbeit werden auf eine geographische und archäologische Einordnung folgend, die zur Analyse angewandten Methoden und die daraus resultierenden Erkenntnisse dargestellt und diskutiert. Um die Ergebnisse, die unter anderem paläoklimatische Aspekte bereithalten chronologisch einzuordnen und einen Kontext mit der Paläoumwelt herzustellen werden die heutigen Klimabedingungen und mögliche Ausprägungen der Paläoumwelt des Untersuchungsgebietes vorgestellt (Kapitel 4) und mit verschiedenen...
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Poster 2017 - Mesolithic pits in Germany

Poster presented at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Mesolithic Research Group of Germany in Wuppertal, 10th-12th March 2017
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Gravettian Hunter-Gatherer Mobility in the Basque Region, V 1.2

Das Gravettien als eine prähistorische europäische Kultur des Jungpaläolithikums wird für den Nordosten Spaniens für einen relativ langen Zeitraum verortet - etwa 30.000 und 22.000 BP. Trotz der vielversprechenden Forschungsarbeiten der letzten Jahre, die sich mit dieser historischen Phase beschäftigt haben und unser Wissen hier deutlich erweitert haben, bleibt die Datenlage höchst fragmentiert. Dabei stellt uns die menschliche Besiedlung der Region für diesen Zeitrahmen stellvertretend für ganz Europa vor...

Scales in Geoarchaeology beyond “a site”: The advance of a (Archaeo-)geomorphological perspective

The poster present an enlarged approach of scales for geoarchaeology-archaeogeomorphology, based on different sizes of relief forms, as (semi-) quantitative differentiation of various scales. With this classification, small-scale features related to “on-site” investigations can be integrated to the existing considerations of scale in geoarchaeology, but are expanded by characteristics of the landscape beyond the influence of a site. We apply this concept to the Eastern Desert of Egypt, as it is a key...
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Millenial scale climate oscillations recorded in the Lower Danube loess over the last glacial period doi

In this study we provide a correlative age model for last glacial loess at the Rasova-Valea cu Pietre site in the Lower Danube region, based on the correlation of palaeoenvironmental proxies to independently dated palaeoclimate archives, luminescence dating and independent age control provided by the geochemically confirmed presence of the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) tephra. The CI tephra, originating in the Phlegrean fields of southern Italy, has been dated elsewhere by 40Ar/39Ar to 39–40 ka BP, and is...
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PaleoMaps: GIS based Palaeoenvironmental data collection for the Last Interglacial (125ka) of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial

The growing number of paleoenvironmental data, GIS-based analyses and modelling allows us to produce PaleoMaps for a given area. However, the „translation“ of paleoenvironmental information in maps is even more complex, than producing maps as an illustration of the present. The CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” provides the background to study the culture-environment interaction and human mobility in the Late Quaternary. Northeastern Africa during the Last Interglacial is thereby an important region and timespan....
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Out of Africa: Geoarchaeological research in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

It is generally agreed upon that modern man came from Africa to Eurasia sometime in the last 100,000 years; academics do not, however, always agree on the routes that were taken. This question is the focus of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC 806; “Our Way to Europe: Culture-Environment Interaction and Human Mobility in the Late Quaternary” based at the universities of Cologne, Bonn and Aachen. Within the framework of this large-scale project (funded by the...
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Spatial loess distribution in the eastern Carpathian Basin: a novel approach based on geoscientific maps and data doi

Geo- and palaeoecological studies in the Carpathian Basin require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of aeolian sediments. Existing maps are not detailed enough and erroneous as a result of the basic input data and scale used. Here we present a map showing the detailed distribution of loess sediments in the Carpathian Basin at the border of Hungary and Romania using a Geographic Information System and the vectorized, statistically analysed geological map of Hungary (scale 1:300,000) and the Romanian...
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