Found 184 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Data compilation of core Co1240

Figure of geochemical, sedimentological, pollen, diatom, and ostracod data of core Co1240 from Lake Yoa/ Chad

The “German Albanian Palaeolithic” Programme (GAP): A status report Temporal

Since 2009 the German Albanian Palaeolithic project (GAP) examines two open-air and three cave sites in different parts of Albania. The data obtained allow a first assessment of the potentials as well as challenges posed by these archives. While evidence for human occupation in the postglacial period and subsequent Holocene is plentiful, older traces are still scanty. Multiple factors are responsible for this bias of which to mention above all is climatic impact and postglacial landscape modification. Two...
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The Aurignacian way of life: Contextualizing early modern human adaptation in the Carpathian Basin doi Temporal

The culture and dispersal of early modern humans are top priorities of many research agendas. While the debate primarily centers on genetics, dispersal trajectories and points of earliest presence, the context (climate, landscape, demography, culture) of the colonizing process is usually considered in a coarse-grained manner or even ignored. To understand the context of human dispersal and to decipher relevant push and pull factors requires the consideration of multiple environmental proxies and the...
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Blazi Cave - an in situ Epigravettian site in Albania SFB806 doi

The Epigravettian site of Blazi cave represents so far the only undisturbed and securly dated Epigravettian site in Albania. The new data fill a research gap for the time of the Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Eastern Adriatic. During the GAP (German-Albanian Palaeolithic research project) campaign in 2015, a large sample of stone artefacts and animal bones was excavated. Their spatial distribution and good preservation indicate an in situ position of the archaeological layer. The tool spectrum contains a...
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Carpatian Basin 30ky bp GIS data set SFB806 doi Spatial

To provide paleoenvironmental data for a GIS and geostatistic based Species Distribution Modelling (SDM) application, this comprehensive GIS data set was created. The data set consists of DEM based topography, and of paleoclimate layers, that were used as environmental predictor variables for SDM application.

Impacts of surface boundary conditions on regional climate model simulations of European climate during the Last Glacial Maximum doi

We examine the influences of North Atlantic sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and vegetation on regional climate simulations over Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Simulated regional temperature and precipitation patterns over Europe are considerably improved when using revised SSTs based on proxy data. Likewise, the simulated permafrost is more accurately reproduced with the SST modifications. These improvements are partially related to the changed regional atmospheric circulation due to the...
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Neandertals or Early Modern Humans? A revised 14C chronology and geoarchaeological study of the Szeletian sequence in Szeleta Cave (Kom. Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) in Hungary

Szeleta Cave near Miskolc (Hungary) is the eponymous site for the Szeletian technological group thought to reflect the last occurrence of Neanderthals in Central Europe. Because the Szeletian lithic industry contains both Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic elements, it is usually regarded as a “transitional” industry. As such, the development of a precise age model for the Szeletian would add substantial information to a period of population replacements in Europe. This concerns the timing of...
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Mikromorphologische Untersuchung des spätpaläolithischen Fundplatzes Blazi Cave (Albanien) SFB806 doi

Im Verlauf dieser Arbeit werden auf eine geographische und archäologische Einordnung folgend, die zur Analyse angewandten Methoden und die daraus resultierenden Erkenntnisse dargestellt und diskutiert. Um die Ergebnisse, die unter anderem paläoklimatische Aspekte bereithalten chronologisch einzuordnen und einen Kontext mit der Paläoumwelt herzustellen werden die heutigen Klimabedingungen und mögliche Ausprägungen der Paläoumwelt des Untersuchungsgebietes vorgestellt (Kapitel 4) und mit verschiedenen...
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Poster 2017 - Mesolithic pits in Germany

Poster presented at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Mesolithic Research Group of Germany in Wuppertal, 10th-12th March 2017
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Gravettian Hunter-Gatherer Mobility in the Basque Region, V 1.2

Das Gravettien als eine prähistorische europäische Kultur des Jungpaläolithikums wird für den Nordosten Spaniens für einen relativ langen Zeitraum verortet - etwa 30.000 und 22.000 BP. Trotz der vielversprechenden Forschungsarbeiten der letzten Jahre, die sich mit dieser historischen Phase beschäftigt haben und unser Wissen hier deutlich erweitert haben, bleibt die Datenlage höchst fragmentiert. Dabei stellt uns die menschliche Besiedlung der Region für diesen Zeitrahmen stellvertretend für ganz Europa vor...

Scales in Geoarchaeology beyond “a site”: The advance of a (Archaeo-)geomorphological perspective

The poster present an enlarged approach of scales for geoarchaeology-archaeogeomorphology, based on different sizes of relief forms, as (semi-) quantitative differentiation of various scales. With this classification, small-scale features related to “on-site” investigations can be integrated to the existing considerations of scale in geoarchaeology, but are expanded by characteristics of the landscape beyond the influence of a site. We apply this concept to the Eastern Desert of Egypt, as it is a key...
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Millenial scale climate oscillations recorded in the Lower Danube loess over the last glacial period doi

In this study we provide a correlative age model for last glacial loess at the Rasova-Valea cu Pietre site in the Lower Danube region, based on the correlation of palaeoenvironmental proxies to independently dated palaeoclimate archives, luminescence dating and independent age control provided by the geochemically confirmed presence of the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) tephra. The CI tephra, originating in the Phlegrean fields of southern Italy, has been dated elsewhere by 40Ar/39Ar to 39–40 ka BP, and is...
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