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Found 158 datasets

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Blazi Cave - an in situ Epigravettian site in Albania SFB806 doi

The Epigravettian site of Blazi cave represents so far the only undisturbed and securly dated Epigravettian site in Albania. The new data fill a research gap for the time of the Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Eastern Adriatic. During the GAP (German-Albanian Palaeolithic research project) campaign in 2015, a large sample of stone artefacts and animal bones was excavated. Their spatial distribution and good preservation indicate an in situ position of the archaeological layer. The tool spectrum contains a...
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Impacts of surface boundary conditions on regional climate model simulations of European climate during the Last Glacial Maximum doi Temporal

We examine the influences of North Atlantic sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and vegetation on regional climate simulations over Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Simulated regional temperature and precipitation patterns over Europe are considerably improved when using revised SSTs based on proxy data. Likewise, the simulated permafrost is more accurately reproduced with the SST modifications. These improvements are partially related to the changed regional atmospheric circulation due to the...
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Gravettian Hunter-Gatherer Mobility in the Basque Region, V 1.2

Das Gravettien als eine prähistorische europäische Kultur des Jungpaläolithikums wird für den Nordosten Spaniens für einen relativ langen Zeitraum verortet - etwa 30.000 und 22.000 BP. Trotz der vielversprechenden Forschungsarbeiten der letzten Jahre, die sich mit dieser historischen Phase beschäftigt haben und unser Wissen hier deutlich erweitert haben, bleibt die Datenlage höchst fragmentiert. Dabei stellt uns die menschliche Besiedlung der Region für diesen Zeitrahmen stellvertretend für ganz Europa vor...
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Scales in Geoarchaeology beyond “a site”: The advance of a (Archaeo-)geomorphological perspective

The poster present an enlarged approach of scales for geoarchaeology-archaeogeomorphology, based on different sizes of relief forms, as (semi-) quantitative differentiation of various scales. With this classification, small-scale features related to “on-site” investigations can be integrated to the existing considerations of scale in geoarchaeology, but are expanded by characteristics of the landscape beyond the influence of a site. We apply this concept to the Eastern Desert of Egypt, as it is a key...
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Millenial scale climate oscillations recorded in the Lower Danube loess over the last glacial period doi

In this study we provide a correlative age model for last glacial loess at the Rasova-Valea cu Pietre site in the Lower Danube region, based on the correlation of palaeoenvironmental proxies to independently dated palaeoclimate archives, luminescence dating and independent age control provided by the geochemically confirmed presence of the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) tephra. The CI tephra, originating in the Phlegrean fields of southern Italy, has been dated elsewhere by 40Ar/39Ar to 39–40 ka BP, and is...
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PaleoMaps: GIS based Palaeoenvironmental data collection for the Last Interglacial (125ka) of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

The growing number of paleoenvironmental data, GIS-based analyses and modelling allows us to produce PaleoMaps for a given area. However, the „translation“ of paleoenvironmental information in maps is even more complex, than producing maps as an illustration of the present. The CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” provides the background to study the culture-environment interaction and human mobility in the Late Quaternary. Northeastern Africa during the Last Interglacial is thereby an important region and timespan....
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Out of Africa: Geoarchaeological research in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

It is generally agreed upon that modern man came from Africa to Eurasia sometime in the last 100,000 years; academics do not, however, always agree on the routes that were taken. This question is the focus of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC 806; http://www.sfb806.uni-koeln.de) “Our Way to Europe: Culture-Environment Interaction and Human Mobility in the Late Quaternary” based at the universities of Cologne, Bonn and Aachen. Within the framework of this large-scale project (funded by the...
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Spatial loess distribution in the eastern Carpathian Basin: a novel approach based on geoscientific maps and data doi

Geo- and palaeoecological studies in the Carpathian Basin require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of aeolian sediments. Existing maps are not detailed enough and erroneous as a result of the basic input data and scale used. Here we present a map showing the detailed distribution of loess sediments in the Carpathian Basin at the border of Hungary and Romania using a Geographic Information System and the vectorized, statistically analysed geological map of Hungary (scale 1:300,000) and the Romanian...
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Z2: Data Management and Data Services (Poster Begutachtung 2013)

According to the DFG proposal guideline 60.06, it is expected that a CRC/TRR has a project section focusing on sustainable data storage and management. The Z2 project facilitates the research within the CRC806 by providing data management infrastructure and services. The data management infrastructure implementation is the CRC806-Database (http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de), which is online since summer 2012. Z2 consults and provides GIS- and remote sensing analyses and the acquisition and preparation of...
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Tracing the Influence of Mediterranean Climate on Southeast Europe during the past 350,000 years doi

Loess-palaeosol sequences are valuable archives of past environmental changes. Although regional palaeoclimatic trends and conditions in Southeastern Europe have been inferred from loess sequences, large scale forcing mechanisms responsible for their formation have yet to be determined. Southeastern Europe is a climatically sensitive region, existing under the strong influence of both Mediterranean and continental climates. Establishment of the spatial and temporal evolution and interaction of these...
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A Multi-Proxy Analysis of two Loess-Paleosol Sequences in the Northern Harz Foreland

Within the second phase of the “Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC806) – Our Way to Europe – Culture - Environment Interaction and Human Mobility in the Late Quaternary” two loess-paleosol sections in the northern Harz foreland are being investigated. The region is part of the Northern European loess belt. The northern edge of the loess distribution is characterized by an interlocking of Weichselian silt and sand sized aeolian sediments. To the south the Northern European loess belt is limited by the...
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Umweltbedingungen während des letzten Glaziales im nördlichen Harzvorland

In dem Sonderforschungsbereich 806 (SFB 806) "Unser Weg nach Europa - Interaktion von Um-welt und Homo Sapiens während des letzten Spätglaziales" ist das Teilprojekt D1 "Analyse von Migrationsprozessen bedingt durch Um-weltbedingung zwischen 40.000 und 14.000 Jahren im Rhein-Maas-Gebiet" angesiedelt. Im Zuge des Projektes wurden unter anderem auch Löss-Paläoboden-Sequenzen (LPS) im nördli-chen Harzvorland aufgenommen und analysiert. Hierbei wurden anhand verschiedener geoche-mischer, farblicher und...
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