Found 89 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Black carbon accrual during 2000 years of paddy-rice and non-paddy cropping in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Spatial

Rice straw burning has accompanied paddy management for millennia, introducing black carbon (BC) into soil as the residue of incomplete combustion. This study examined the contribution of BC to soil organic matter and the rate at which it accumulates in paddy soils as a result of prolonged paddy management. Soil depth profiles were sampled along a chronosequence of 0-2000 years of rice-wheat rotation systems and adjacent non-paddy systems (50-700 years) in the Bay of Hangzhou (Zhejiang province, China). The...
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Lateglacial to Holocene pedogenesis and formation of colluvial deposits in a loess landscape of Central Europe (Wetterau, Germany) Spatial

Loess areas in Central Europe have been settled since ancient times and are therefore predestined to archive information about both the paleoenvironment with and without human activities. In gentle rolling loess-landscapes distinct short and shallow valleys, so-called dells, are prominent landscape elements that act as sediment traps. The loess-paleosol-colluvium (LPC) sequence of Gambach (Wetterau, Germany) can be regarded as an exceptional sequence for Lateglacial-Holocene pedogenesis and human impact in...
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Palaeoclimate Reconstruction in the Levant and on the Balkans Spatial

For an understanding of the climate system’s variability, knowledge of the past climate is essential. Continuous observations are not available for longer than the last 100 years, a period that is insufficient to understand the variability and sensitivity of the climate system. Since information of both is necessary to build good climate models, the reconstruction of the past climate is fundamental. With palaeoclimate reconstructions it is possible to get information about the past climate and the climate...
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LumReader R package

A series of functions to estimate the detection windows of a luminescence reader based on the filters and the photomultiplier (PMT) selected. These functions also allow to simulate a luminescence experiment based on the thermoluminesce (TL) or the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of a material.
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Spatial loess distribution in the eastern Carpathian Basin: a novel approach based on geoscientific maps and data doi

Geo- and palaeoecological studies in the Carpathian Basin require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of aeolian sediments. Existing maps are not detailed enough and erroneous as a result of the basic input data and scale used. Here we present a map showing the detailed distribution of loess sediments in the Carpathian Basin at the border of Hungary and Romania using a Geographic Information System and the vectorized, statistically analysed geological map of Hungary (scale 1:300,000) and the Romanian...
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Long thin blade production and Late Gravettian hunter-gatherer mobility in Eastern Central Europe doi

The regular and systematic production of long blades (>120 mm) that maintain a thickness (<10 mm) of regular blades (<120 mm) is a particular phenomenon of the Upper Palaeolithic (40–10 ka BP) archaeological record of Eastern Central Europe. However, the mechanical underpinnings of manufacturing these long blades are still not fully understood. This paper presents experimental research that used heavy (∼800 g) and light (∼570 g) antler percussors to test the effect of percussor weight on the manufacture of...
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Tracing the Influence of Mediterranean Climate on Southeast Europe during the past 350,000 years doi

Loess-palaeosol sequences are valuable archives of past environmental changes. Although regional palaeoclimatic trends and conditions in Southeastern Europe have been inferred from loess sequences, large scale forcing mechanisms responsible for their formation have yet to be determined. Southeastern Europe is a climatically sensitive region, existing under the strong influence of both Mediterranean and continental climates. Establishment of the spatial and temporal evolution and interaction of these...
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Three climatic cycles recorded in a loess-paleosol sequence at Semlac (Romania) – implications for dust accumulation in south-eastern Europe doi Spatial

Recent investigations of the Semlac loess section in the south-eastern Carpathian Basin, which is situated at an undercut slope position on the right bank of the Mureş River in its lower reaches (Banat region, western Romanian), are presented and discussed. Dating back to marine isotope stage (MIS) 10, the more than 10 m thick loess sequence includes four fossil soil-complexes developed in homogenous and relatively fine silty loess. Because of the good preservation of the sediment, Semlac is regarded as a...
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Megabiome changes over the last 120kyr (HadCM3) SFB806 doi Spatial

This geospatial dataset contains climate data from 120 ka to 0 ka in 1000 to 4000 year steps as raster data. The variable shows biomes representing nine different climate conditions modeled with the HadCM3 - general circulation model. The source data from Hoogakker et al. (2016) was imported from the original published NetCDF file and translated to multiple GEOTIFFs with GDAL. The raster data has been converted to single GeoTIFFs with GDAL’s gdal translate and gdalwarp tool. The dataset has a resolution of...
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What influences the sediment composition of a rockshelter in a hyperarid environment? Insights from sedimentological and micromorphological analyses at the archaeological site Sodmein Cave, Egypt doi

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Climate Data 30-13 ka GIS Dataset SFB806 doi Spatial

This raster data is part of a geospatial dataset that contains climate data from 30 ka to 13 ka in 1000 year steps, provided by Tallavaara et al. (2015). The variables are PET (Potential Evapotranspiration) and WAB (Water balance) in mm/year and MCM (Mean temperature of the coldest month) in C°. The source was supplied in a .xls file containing longitude/latitude coordinates with the related variable values. It was imported to a shapefile with QGIS' &amp;amp;amp;amp;quot;Create a Layer from a Delimited Text...

A QGIS plugin to interface openModeller SFB806 doi

This is a plugin for QGIS to interface the openModeller software package. OpenModeller is a software framework for species’ potential distribution modelling. The package includes (among other program files) the om_console.exe executable which is used for the modelling process. The program file is controlled by a configuration file and needs several files as input data. The configuration file contains the paths to the input data, configuration parameters for the output data and the selected modelling...
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