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Found 427 datasets

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What influences the sediment composition of a rockshelter in a hyperarid environment? Insights from sedimentological and micromorphological analyses at the archaeological site Sodmein Cave, Egypt doi

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Living at the lakeshore. Early Nubian Complex site associated with a lacustrine environment SFB806 doi

By analysing satellite images of the area around Sodmein Cave numerous well-preserved surface remnants (terraces) could be documented. Surveys on these old terraces, showing mainly a dark desert pavement, yielded preferentially Pleistocene artefact concentrations. Hence, it became clear that these terraces represent parts of the former Pleistocene surface of the area. During surveying activities on such terraces a new archaeological site – preliminary named as “Sodmein Playa” 14/01 – was discovered around 3...
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Multi-Scale Dimension of Relief in Geoarchaeology. A base for reconstructing Late Pleistocene environments in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial

Scale, spatial and temporal, is one of the most important issues to deal with, when reconstructing former environments and landscapes in context of geoarchaeology. We present remote sensing investigations of different scales in order to answer crucial questions about late Pleistocene terrain environment as one important aspect for the migration of anatomically modern humans in Northeast Africa.
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Geomorphological Investigations of Desert Pavements and Wadi Terraces in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi

The mountainous Eastern Desert of Egypt is an extremely eroded environment where the conditions to encounter Pleistocene palaeoenvironmental geoarchives are very rare. Dominated by outcrops of Precambrian basement, the drainage system is characterized by relatively short wadis with small catchment areas (figure 1). The limestone hogback of Djebel Duwi is one of the exceptional regions within the Eastern Desert which provides a significant amount of quaternary deposits, mainly wadi terraces at the eastern...
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Geoarchaeological Research in the Egpytian Eastern Desert. Uniqie Cave Sediments of the Archaeological Site Sodmein Cave, Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironment in a Hyperarid Area SFB806 doi

Sodmein Cave can be interpreted as one of the rare living sites in the time frame between 120 ka and 7 ka before today in northeast Africa. Nowadays, a hyperarid climate is dominant in the area, but the excavated sequence - with more than 4 m of stratified occupation debris of mainly Middle Stone Age (MSA) deposits - indicate for the Pleistocene regional wetter conditions.Main objective of the PhD is to understand the site formation and sediment accumulation within the cave and to derive environmental...
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Climate Data 30-13 ka GIS Dataset SFB806 doi Spatial

This raster data is part of a geospatial dataset that contains climate data from 30 ka to 13 ka in 1000 year steps, provided by Tallavaara et al. (2015). The variables are PET (Potential Evapotranspiration) and WAB (Water balance) in mm/year and MCM (Mean temperature of the coldest month) in C°. The source was supplied in a .xls file containing longitude/latitude coordinates with the related variable values. It was imported to a shapefile with QGIS' "Create a Layer from a Delimited Text...
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Multiproxy-Dataset for core 5053-4 (HSPDP-CHB-1A) doi Spatial

Chew Bahir
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Paleocoastlines GIS dataset SFB806 doi Spatial

This GIS dataset contains 23 different computed land masks of characteristic sea level high stand/ low stand with respect to the relative sea level (RSL) for events and intervals during a period from 200 ka BP until today in Europe, the Nearer East and northern parts of Africa. The sea level data was collected from modeled data published in scholarly works and derived from General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (2014) using the software QGIS and esri ArcMap.
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Tracing the Mediterranean climate influence over the central Balkans (southeast Europe) during the past 350 ka

Knowledge of past climate variability based on the study of paleoclimate archives may help in better understanding the forcing mechanisms and extent of any future climate change. In some regions, such as Eastern Europe, loess-paleosol sequences (LPS) are one of the most important terrestrial archives of Quaternary paleoclimate and its spatial and temporal dynamics. Studies of LPS from the Middle and Lower Danube basins fundamentally improved understanding of the European Quaternary climate and environmental...
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Three climatic cycles recorded in a loess-palaeosol sequence at Semlac (Romania) – implications for dust accumulation in the Carpathian Basin and the northern Hemisphere

Recent investigations of the Semlac loess section in the Southeastern Carpathian Basin, which is situated at the Mures River in its lower reaches (Banat region, western Romanian), are presented. Dating back to marine isotope stage (MIS) 10, the more than 10 m thick loess sequence includes four fossil sol-complexes developed in homogenous relatively fine silty loess. Because good preservation and sedimentation of fine silt Semlac is regarded as a key section for the Carpathian Basin, which offers...
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Tracing the Mediterranean climate influence over the central Balkans (southeast Europe) during the past 350 ka

Knowledge of past climate variability based on the study of paleoclimate archives may help in better understanding the forcing mechanisms and extent of any future climate change. In some regions, such as Eastern Europe, loess-paleosol sequences (LPS) are one of the most important terrestrial archives of Quaternary paleoclimate and its spatial and temporal dynamics. Studies of LPS from the Middle and Lower Danube basins fundamentally improved understanding of the European Quaternary climate and environmental...
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New geochronology of the Stalać section at the southern limit of European loess occurrence through pIR50IR290 dating

A new geochronology was established for the Stala´c loess-paleosol section in central Serbia. The section is located in the Central Balkan, at the transition zone between Atlantic, continental and Mediterranean climate regimes and is therefore potentially extraordinary sensitive to past and present climatic changes. Especially in the context of early human migration, this region is not intensively studied and has potential to contribute valuable information. This is the reason why it is investigated in...
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