Found 427 datasets

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Loess in the foothills of the western Carpathians and its importance for paleoenvironmental reconstruction towards the Carpathian Basin

The CRC 806 „Our way to Europe“ focuses on the first arrival and dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) from Africa to Europe. Within the second phase of this project, a subproject investigates the eastern trajectory of AMH dispersal through the Levant and Balkan Peninsula. Special attention is given to the Carpathian Basin and the surrounding foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. To this date, most Paleolithic sites in this region have been found in the foothills. To test the hypothesis whether...
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An Upper Pleistocene to Holocene limnic record from the Carpathian Basin near Vrsac (Vojvodina, Serbia) Temporal

Upper Pleistocene geoarchives in the Pannonian Basin are predominantly composed of loess-paleosol sequences accompanied by only few fluvial archives dating to this time frame. In 2015 a 10 m sediment core was recovered within an extensive loess area by means of vibracoring, with the recovered sedimentary succession mainly composed of limnic sediments. Coring was conducted within a depression northwest of Vrsac and east of the Banat Sands in the eastern Carpathian Basin (North-Eastern Serbia) in a region...
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New geochronology of the Stalać section at the southern limit of European loess occurrence through pIR50IR290 dating


Techno-typology, demography, and environment in Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum Temporal

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Climate and environmental dynamics recorded in the Central and Eastern European (CEE) loess belt during the last glacial cycle


Digital image analysis of outcropping sediments: Comparison to photospectrometric data from Quaternary loess deposits at Şanoviţa (Romania) and Achenheim (France) doi

The possibility to use colour data, as extracted from two selected loess-paleosol sequences, is discussed here. Colour data are a fast and inexpensive method of proxy data generation. We compare the outcome from analysing outcrop images taken by digital cameras in the field and spectral colour data as determined under controlled laboratory conditions. By nature, differences can be expected due to variations in illumination, moisture, and sample preparation. Outcrop inclination may be an issue for...
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Loess: Rock, sediment or soil – What is missing for its definition? doi

Loess is commonly defined as an accumulation of windblown silt. However, the complex mechanisms that are responsible for most of the structural characteristics of loess require a more precise explanation. The common definition of loess ignores a set of processes that start during and after the subaerial deposition of silt. The term loessification has been used by a number of authors to refer to the quasi-pedogenic/quasi-diagenetic processes that result in the typical aggregation of loess; however these...

Danube loess stratigraphy — Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model. doi

The Danube River drainage basin is the second largest river catchment in Europe and contains a significant and extensive region of thick loess deposits that preserve a record of a wide variety of recent and past environments. Indeed, the Danube River and tributaries may themselves be responsible for the transportation of large volumes of silt that ultimately drive loess formation in the middle and lower reaches of this large catchment. However, this vast loess province lacks a unified stratigraphic scheme....

Influence of HCl pretreatment and organo-mineral complexes on laser diffraction measurement of loess-paleosol-sequences doi

The influence of different sample pretreatment methods on grain size distributions in particle size analysis has been subject to controversial discussions. Standard sample preparation typically comprises the disaggregation of aggregated and agglomerated particles into single primary particles, i.e., the organic binding material is oxidized by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the contained carbonates are dissolved by hydrochloric acid (HCl). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of HCl treatment on...

The earliest Aurignacian in Romania: New investigations at the open air site of Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa I (Banat) Temporal

Previous archaeological research in the Banat area (South-western Romania) resulted in the definition of a chronologically late Krems-Dufour type Aurignacian, followed by the isolated find of several considerably old anatomically modern human (AMH) remains at Oase Cave, several decades later. The last find set the stage for new stratigraphic, chronological and archaeological reassessment of Banat Aurignacian settlements at Tincova, Coşava and...

CRC806-E1 Gravettian-Sites Database V-20160219 SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” – Project E1 Population Dynamics: Demographic Changes of Hunter-Gatherer Populations during the Upper Pleistocene and Early Holocene in Europe Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr Andreas Zimmermann PostDoc: Dr Isabell Schmidt THE CURRENT DATABASE VERSIONS ARE FOR INTERNAL USE BY MEMBERS OF THE CRC 806 ONLY, IN AGREEMENT WITH THE RESPECTIVE AUTHORS (see below) General information: Databases used (revised and extended) within this work were courtesy provided by: ...
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Supplementary R script for manuscript 'Digital image analysis of outcropping sediments: comparison to photospectrometric data from Quaternary Loess deposits at Sanovita (Romania) and Achenheim (France)' SFB806 doi Temporal

Supplementary R script for a manuscript. The script facilitates automatic drawing of a representative outcrop from colour data (L*, a*, b*).
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