CRC806-Database Data Feed (RSS) Data feed of the CRC806-Database Paleoclimatic proxy data from the MIS3/2 transition recorded at the Bodrogkeresztúr loess-paleosol sequence in Northeast Hungary This proxy dataset corresponds to the published article Bösken et al. (2017) and comprises grain size, geochemical, geomagnetic and luminescence data of the Bodrogkeresztúr loess-paleosol sequence in northeastern Hungary. Reference Bösken, J., Obreht, I., Zeeden, C., Klasen, N., Hambach, U., Sümegi, P., and Lehmkuhl, F. (in press). High-resolution paleoclimatic proxy data from the MIS3/2 transition recorded in northeastern Hungarian loess. Quaternary International. 2017-12-11T12:46:51+01:00 The “German Albanian Palaeolithic” Programme (GAP): A status report Since 2009 the German Albanian Palaeolithic project (GAP) examines two open-air and three cave sites in different parts of Albania. The data obtained allow a first assessment of the potentials as well as challenges posed by these archives. While evidence for human occupation in the postglacial period and subsequent Holocene is plentiful, older traces are still scanty. Multiple factors are responsible for this bias of which to mention above all is climatic impact and postglacial landscape modification. Two cave sequences in the northern part of Albania show a reworking or erosion of MIS 3 and older deposits. Disturbance of open-air sites in the coastal lowlands is principally caused by weathering and sediment aggradation. While such observations are important for future research strategies, the preserved Palaeolithic sequences already provide the basis for a robust Palaeolithic database. It bears a rich and well-preserved record of Late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic occupations. Our investigations give a first insight into human land-use shortly after the Last Glacial Maximum. We thereby add important data to the growing record of Epigravettian and Mesolithic sites in the wider scope of the Eastern Adriatic. 2017-11-24T08:10:13+01:00 The Aurignacian way of life: Contextualizing early modern human adaptation in the Carpathian Basin The culture and dispersal of early modern humans are top priorities of many research agendas. While the debate primarily centers on genetics, dispersal trajectories and points of earliest presence, the context (climate, landscape, demography, culture) of the colonizing process is usually considered in a coarse-grained manner or even ignored. To understand the context of human dispersal and to decipher relevant push and pull factors requires the consideration of multiple environmental proxies and the research on different geographic scales. In this paper, we present the Late Quaternary Carpathian Basin as a specific context area of early modern human dispersal into Europe. The multitude of Early Upper Paleolithic sites in this region suggests that it was part of a major dispersal corridor along the Danube and its catchment area some 40,000 years ago. The Aurignacian land-use model describes the interaction of early modern humans with their environment. One important parameter is the specific distribution of archaeological sites that exemplifies their boundedness to specific eco-zones. To reconstruct the latter, paleo-environmental proxies and archaeological data are examined together in regional vector models and in a GIS based landscape archaeology approach. In the final section, we present the Carpathian Basin as an idiosyncratic habitat that mirrors the dynamics and complexity of early modern human adaptation. 2017-11-24T07:43:33+01:00 Archaeology across the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary in western Germany: Human responses to rapid environmental change In recent years, new insights into the Mesolithic in the Rhineland and in Westphalia have been gained. The Early Mesolithic human remains of the Blätterhöhle in Hagen should especially be mentioned as they even attracted international attention. Additionally, a first stratigraphic sequence containing hearth remains and lithic assemblages of the Early to Late Mesolithic age has been excavated there. Further new sites and radiometric investigations on single finds suggest varying influences from northern and southern as well as western regions on the Northrhine-Westphalian Mesolithic. Several sites, which are assigned to the broad blade complexes or the long blade industries / the Belloisien due to the distinct blade technology and simple microlithic projectile points, represent the initial stage of the Mesolithic. 2017-10-02T14:20:05+02:00 Conference report: The 26th Annual Meeting of the German Mesolithic Workgroup organised and hosted by Annabell Zander (University of York) and Birgit Gehlen (CRC 806, University of Cologne). In sum, more than 70 academics, students and amateur archaeologists from 8 different countries attended this conference. The international programme consisted of 24 talks and 10 poster presentations which were held in English and German. The presentations ranged from international to regional themes concerning the Final Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Early Neolithic. 2017-09-20T14:27:08+02:00