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Found 17 datasets

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Dead Sea pollen provides new insights into the paleoenvironment of the southern Levant during MIS 6-5 doi Spatial Temporal

The paleoclimate of the southern Levant, especially during the last interglacial (LIG), is still under debate. Reliable paleovegetation information for this period, as independent evidence to the paleoenvironment, was still missing. In this study, we present a high-resolution pollen record encompassing 147-89 ka from the Dead Sea deep drilling core 5017-1A. The sediment profile is marked by alternations of laminated marl deposits and thick massive halite, indicating lake-level fluctuations. The pollen...
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The Aurignacian way of life: Contextualizing early modern human adaptation in the Carpathian Basin doi Temporal

The culture and dispersal of early modern humans are top priorities of many research agendas. While the debate primarily centers on genetics, dispersal trajectories and points of earliest presence, the context (climate, landscape, demography, culture) of the colonizing process is usually considered in a coarse-grained manner or even ignored. To understand the context of human dispersal and to decipher relevant push and pull factors requires the consideration of multiple environmental proxies and the...
Keywords: GQT1 GQT2 GQT3
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Neandertals or Early Modern Humans? A revised 14C chronology and geoarchaeological study of the Szeletian sequence in Szeleta Cave (Kom. Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) in Hungary

Szeleta Cave near Miskolc (Hungary) is the eponymous site for the Szeletian technological group thought to reflect the last occurrence of Neanderthals in Central Europe. Because the Szeletian lithic industry contains both Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic elements, it is usually regarded as a “transitional” industry. As such, the development of a precise age model for the Szeletian would add substantial information to a period of population replacements in Europe. This concerns the timing of...
Keywords: GQT1
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The earliest Aurignacian in Romania: New investigations at the open air site of Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa I (Banat)

Previous archaeological research in the Banat area (South-western Romania) resulted in the definition of a chronologically late Krems-Dufour type Aurignacian, followed by the isolated find of several considerably old anatomically modern human (AMH) remains at Oase Cave, several decades later. The last find set the stage for new stratigraphic, chronological and archaeological reassessment of Banat Aurignacian settlements at Tincova, Coşava and...
Keywords: GQT1
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Testing feldspar against quartz luminescence dating of the sandy loess sediments from the Doroshivtsy site (Ukraine) doi

Post-infrared infrared stimulated luminescence (pIRIR) dating has reactivated the use of feldspar minerals to date Pleistocene deposits. We compared pIRIR stimulation measured at 290 °C (pIRIR290) of coarse grain feldspar (100–200 μm) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of coarse grain quartz (100–150 μm) with radiocarbon dating. The samples were taken from the lower part of the Doroshivtsy sandy loess sequence, which contains Gravettian artefact layers. The site is one of the very few sections in...
Keywords: GQT1 LRQ1
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Radiocarbon-dated megafauna from the Interpleniglacial in the western Lower Rhine Embayment, Germany – The finds from the loess deposits in the Coenen brick quarry (District of Düren) doi

Sites with informative megafaunal assemblages are rarely documented in the Lower Rhine Embayment. In the 1960’s many remains of large mammals were collected during sporadic salvage operations in the Coenen brick quarry in Körrenzig (District of Düren, Rhineland). AMS-14C dates place the find horizon into the Interpleniglacial (MIS 3). In the terrestrial records of the rhenish loess sections, deposits of this period are only preserved under very favourable conditions, particularly in the...
Keywords: GQT1 GQT2
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The role of cryptotephra in refining the chronology of Late Pleistocene human evolution and cultural change in North Africa doi

Sites in North Africa hold key information for dating the presence ofHomo sapiens and the distribution of Middle Stone Age (MSA), Middle Palaeolithic (MP) and Later Stone Age (LSA) cultural activity in the Late Pleistocene. Here we present new and review recently published tephrochronological evidence for five cave sites in North Africa with long MSA/MP and LSA cultural sequences. Four tephra horizons have been identified at the Haua Fteah (Cyrenaica, Libya). They include cryptotephra evidence for the...
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Geo-archaeological research on the Late Pleistocene of the Egyptian Eastern Desert: recent threats to the Sodmein Cave

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Optical dating of sediments in Wadi Sabra (SW Jordan) doi

At Wadi Sabra (SW Jordan) human occupation dates back to the Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic. Although there is stratigraphic correlation based on archaeological finds of Ahmarian origin, numerical age estimates are lacking. We applied single-aliquot optical dating of coarse grained quartz of wadi deposits and investigated the luminescence properties in detail to achieve more accurate age information about the time of human occupation. Weak luminescence signals and scattered dose distributions characterise...
Keywords: GQT1 LRQ1
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Upper Paleolithic of Middle Dniester: Doroshivtsi III site Spatial

As a result of excavations of the Doroshivtsi III open-air site in the Middle Dniester region, seven Upper Paleolithic cultural levels were discovered in the 12 m thick loess profile. With the exception of level 1 with very few artifacts, all other cultural levels could be determined as Gravettian. The richest collections belong to level 3 and 6. Level 6 is dated to 22,330 ± 100 BP, and represents an original UP industry with shouldered points, a small amount of burins, and numerous backed tools made mainly...
Keywords: GQT1
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Genesis of loess-like sediments and soils at the foothills of the Banat Mountains, Romania - Examples from the Paleolithic sites Romanesti and Cosava doi Spatial

The Paleolithic sites Romanesti and Cosava, situated at the foothills of the Banat Mountains in Romania, provide an important testament of life of the first European modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) during the Middle Pleniglacial. Even though these sites have been extensively excavated, little is known about the site formation of related loess-like sediments and soils. First luminescence data at the two investigated sections confirm sediments from the penultimate glacial period to the Holocene. ...
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Optical dating of sediments in Wadi Sabra (SW Jordan) doi Spatial

At Wadi Sabra (SW Jordan) human occupation dates back to the Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic. Although there is stratigraphic correlation based on archaeological finds of Ahmarian origin, numerical age estimates are lacking. We applied single-aliquot optical dating of coarse grained quartz of wadi deposits and investigated the luminescence properties in detail to achieve more accurate age information about the time of human occupation. Weak luminescence signals and scattered dose distributions characterise...
Keywords: GQT1 LRQ1
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