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Found 469 datasets

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Indirect dating of historical land use through mining: Linking heavy metal analyses of fluvial deposits to archaeobotanical data and written accounts. Spatial

Man-made heavy metal contamination of floodplains has existed for centuries—even dating back to the Middle Ages. Up to now, these contaminants have been analyzed with very time-consuming and costly techniques. Thus, to determine historical heavy metal contamination, the aim of this study is to link the following approaches to generate better comprehensive and interdisciplinary understanding of historical land use of the Inde River, Germany (1) to analyze anthropogenic heavy metal contamination of fluvial...
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Neanderthals in the Cold: Middle Paleolithic Sites from the Open-Cast Mine of Garzweiler, Nordrhein-Westfalen (Germany). Spatial

In the years 1999–2001, an area of approximately 150 ha was surveyed by continuous control of the loess walls of the open-cast lignite mine of Garzweiler near Cologne, Germany. A total of 46 Middle Paleolithic sites were located, most of them clustering in connection to small stream positions. Despite the importance of natural factors during the site formation processes, lithic artifacts and skeleton elements preserved well, suggesting high impact of human and non-human agents, followed by low to moderate...
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Landscape Archaeology at the LAC2010 conference. doi

This special volume of Quaternary International is dedicated to the proceedings of the first international Landscape Archaeological Conference (LAC2010) held in January 2010 at the VU University in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The mission of the congress was to have multiple sessions within which scholars from the different academic disciplines could exchange and discuss research experiences, theories and ideas. The conference attracted far more visitors than originally expected, and was considered as...
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Relation of loess units and prehistoric find density in the Garzweiler open-cast mine, Lower-Rhine. doi Spatial

Auf der Basis einer detaillierten Lössstratigraphie wurden auf dem Lössplateau des westlichen Niederrheins von einer Abbauwandgesamtfläche von 11.000qm die Anteile der wichtigsten Lösseinheiten berechnet. Darin nimmt der Brabant-Löss (spätes Jüngeres Hochwürm, MIS 2) 45% Anteil ein, also nahezu die Hälfte des vorhandenen Lösses, der Hesbaye-Löss (frühes Jüngeres Hochwürm, MIS2) etwa 5%. Ein Viertel des Lösses (25%) geht an den Keldach-Löss (Älteres Hochwürm, MIS4), nur wenig (1,5%) an den Rheingau-Löss (MIS...
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Formation and Geochronology of Last Interglacial to Lower Weichselian loess/palaeosol sequences – case studies from the Lower Rhine Embayment, Germany. Spatial

<p>Located in the Lower Rhine area two loess/palaeosol sections were investigated focusing on the last Interglacial to Lower Weichselian pedosedimentary sequence. The sections are situated in the brown coal opencast mining area of Inden and Garzweiler, and comprise archaeological find layers from the Middle Palaeolithic. Selected ratios derived from multi-element analysis are presented for the first time for the prominent loess accumulation area north of the Rhenish Shield. In addition...
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A preliminary model of Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) based on geoarchaeological investigations. Spatial Temporal

While there is almost no doubt about the African origin of modern humans,1 the path of dispersal and final immigration into Europe is still under debate.2 Our project focuses on the Levant as a potential main corridor for human migrations from Africa to Europe during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. It is embedded in the multi-disciplinary CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe,” also investigating other regions including the source areas in North-East Africa, the North-African/Southern-European-Corridor, the...
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Multiple environmental change at the time of the Modern Human passage through the Middle East - First results from geoarchaeological investigations on Upper Pleistocene sediments in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan). doi Spatial

Upper Pleistocene sediments at Wadi Sabra (Ma’an District, Jordan) were geoarcheologically investigated from 2008–2010. The Wadi Sabra valley system, situated east of the Dead Sea Rift and south of the ancient Nabataean capital of Petra, has preserved sedimentary deposits which are connected with several Upper Paleolithic sites. First results from sedimentological and geochemical analysis supported by archeological and radiometric dating provide evidence of fluvial and fluvio-eolian sedimentation during...
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Facilitating integrated spatio-temporal visualization and analysis of heterogeneous archaelogical and palaeonvironmental research data doi

In the context of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 "Our way to Europe&quot" (CRC806), a research database is developed for integrating data from the disciplines of archaeology, the geosciences and the cultural sciences to facilitate integrated access to heterogeneous data sources. A practice-oriented data integration concept and its implementation is presented in this contribution. The data integration approach is based on the application of Semantic Web Technology and is...
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PMIP2 LGM Precipitation Spatial PaleoMaps

Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) Precipitation simulation Shapefiles of the PMIP2 "21k OAV ECHAM53-MPIOM127-LPJ" Experiment. The data is provided as Point data, representing the center of each Gridcell and as Thissenpolygons derived from the Gridcell center point data. Variable: pr Experiment: 21k OAV ECHAM53-MPIOM127-LPJ Desc: precipitation_flux     kg m-2 s-1     Total precipitation     XYT     O     O     O           A1a2 A2a2A3_2 Info:...
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PMIP2 LGM Air Temperature Spatial PaleoMaps

Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) Air Temperature simulation Shapefiles of the PMIP2 21k OAV ECHAM53-MPIOM127-LPJ Experiment. The date is provided as Point data, representig the center of each Gridcell and as Thessenpolygons derived from the Gridcell center point data. Variable: ta Experiment: 21k OAV ECHAM53-MPIOM127-LPJ Desc: air temperature     K     Air temperature     XYPT     Pbm     P3     P17           A1c2 A2b1 Info: http://pmip2.lsce.ipsl.fr/design/variables/atmosphere.shtml Citation:  Braconnot,...
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Stage3 Climate and Plantcover Simulations Spatial PaleoMaps

Landmask clipped Thissenpolygon Shapefiles of the Stage3 Climate &amp=& Plantcover Simulations (PSU).For each Stage3 scenario (21k, adhoc, cold, mod and warm), you can find the Thissenpolygons clipped to the combinded (land ice) masks as Shapefiles. Contents: Stage3_21k_Thiessen.shp Stage3_adhoc_Thiessen.shp Stage3_cold_Thiessen.shp Stage3_mod_Thiessen.shp Stage3_warm_Thiessen.shp Disclaimer: This dataset consists of Shapefiles processed out of the Stage3 Climate...
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BIOME 4-2 Shapefiles Spatial PaleoMaps

BIOME v4.2 Dataset processed as geodata in Shapefile format for the use with geospatial applications (GIS) Attribution/References: Harrison, S. P., and Prentice, I. C. (2003). Climate and CO2 controls on global vegetation distribution at the last glacial maximum: analysis based on palaeovegetation data, biome modelling and palaeoclimate simulations. Global Change Biology 9, 983-1004. http://www.bridge.bris.ac.uk/resources/Databases/BIOMES_data
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