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Found 138 datasets

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Dead Sea pollen provides new insights into the paleoenvironment of the southern Levant during MIS 6-5 doi

The paleoclimate of the southern Levant, especially during the last interglacial (LIG), is still under debate. Reliable paleovegetation information for this period, as independent evidence to the paleoenvironment, was still missing. In this study, we present a high-resolution pollen record encompassing 147e89 ka from the Dead Sea deep drilling core 5017-1A. The sediment profile is marked by alternations of laminated marl deposits and thick massive halite, indicating lake-level fluctuations. The pollen...
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Holocene vegetation history of the southern Levant based on a pollen record from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), Israel doi

Lake Kinneret, also known as the Sea of Galilee and Lake Tiberias, is located in the northeast of Israel. At a lake level of 211 m b.s.l. (below mean sea level), the central basin is 43 m deep. The maximum length of the lake is 21 km (N–S) and its maximum width is 12 km (W–E). Lake Kinneret’s surface area is 166 km². A new 17.8 m long sedimentary core was drilled in 2010. Here, we present the entire palynological record from it, which covers the last ~ 9,000 years. Special emphasis is given to the natural...
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Paleoclimatic proxy data from the MIS3/2 transition recorded at the Bodrogkeresztúr loess-paleosol sequence in Northeast Hungary SFB806 doi Spatial

This proxy dataset corresponds to the published article Bösken et al. (2017) and comprises grain size, geochemical, geomagnetic and luminescence data of the Bodrogkeresztúr loess-paleosol sequence in northeastern Hungary. Reference Bösken, J., Obreht, I., Zeeden, C., Klasen, N., Hambach, U., Sümegi, P., and Lehmkuhl, F. (in press). High-resolution paleoclimatic proxy data from the MIS3/2 transition recorded in northeastern Hungarian loess. Quaternary International.
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The “German Albanian Palaeolithic” Programme (GAP): A status report Temporal

Since 2009 the German Albanian Palaeolithic project (GAP) examines two open-air and three cave sites in different parts of Albania. The data obtained allow a first assessment of the potentials as well as challenges posed by these archives. While evidence for human occupation in the postglacial period and subsequent Holocene is plentiful, older traces are still scanty. Multiple factors are responsible for this bias of which to mention above all is climatic impact and postglacial landscape modification. Two...
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The Aurignacian way of life: Contextualizing early modern human adaptation in the Carpathian Basin doi Temporal

The culture and dispersal of early modern humans are top priorities of many research agendas. While the debate primarily centers on genetics, dispersal trajectories and points of earliest presence, the context (climate, landscape, demography, culture) of the colonizing process is usually considered in a coarse-grained manner or even ignored. To understand the context of human dispersal and to decipher relevant push and pull factors requires the consideration of multiple environmental proxies and the...
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Blazi Cave - an in situ Epigravettian site in Albania SFB806 doi

The Epigravettian site of Blazi cave represents so far the only undisturbed and securly dated Epigravettian site in Albania. The new data fill a research gap for the time of the Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Eastern Adriatic. During the GAP (German-Albanian Palaeolithic research project) campaign in 2015, a large sample of stone artefacts and animal bones was excavated. Their spatial distribution and good preservation indicate an in situ position of the archaeological layer. The tool spectrum contains a...
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Neandertals or Early Modern Humans? A revised 14C chronology and geoarchaeological study of the Szeletian sequence in Szeleta Cave (Kom. Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) in Hungary

Szeleta Cave near Miskolc (Hungary) is the eponymous site for the Szeletian technological group thought to reflect the last occurrence of Neanderthals in Central Europe. Because the Szeletian lithic industry contains both Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic elements, it is usually regarded as a “transitional” industry. As such, the development of a precise age model for the Szeletian would add substantial information to a period of population replacements in Europe. This concerns the timing of...
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Mikromorphologische Untersuchung des spätpaläolithischen Fundplatzes Blazi Cave (Albanien) SFB806 doi

Im Verlauf dieser Arbeit werden auf eine geographische und archäologische Einordnung folgend, die zur Analyse angewandten Methoden und die daraus resultierenden Erkenntnisse dargestellt und diskutiert. Um die Ergebnisse, die unter anderem paläoklimatische Aspekte bereithalten chronologisch einzuordnen und einen Kontext mit der Paläoumwelt herzustellen werden die heutigen Klimabedingungen und mögliche Ausprägungen der Paläoumwelt des Untersuchungsgebietes vorgestellt (Kapitel 4) und mit verschiedenen...
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Palaeoclimate Reconstruction in the Levant and on the Balkans Spatial

For an understanding of the climate system’s variability, knowledge of the past climate is essential. Continuous observations are not available for longer than the last 100 years, a period that is insufficient to understand the variability and sensitivity of the climate system. Since information of both is necessary to build good climate models, the reconstruction of the past climate is fundamental. With palaeoclimate reconstructions it is possible to get information about the past climate and the climate...
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Luminescence dating results (unpublished data) project F2 and B2

Luminescence age estimates and additional information about equivalent dose estimation and dosimetry. Post infrared infrared stimulated luminescence dating applied to polymineral fine grains from lake sediments.
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Luminescence dating results 2013-2017 (published and unpublished data) of project F2 and B1

Luminescence age estimates and additional information about equivalen dose estimation and dosimetry. Optically stimulated luminescence and post infrared infrared stimulated luminescence applied to coarse-grained quartz and feldspar as well as polymineral fine grains from loess.
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Pollen in moss samples and vegetation Mohos.

Pollen counted in moss samples and pollen equivalents in surrounding vegetation.
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