Data


Found 7 datasets

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Back to the lithics: technological comparison of early Upper Palaeolithic assemblages from Al-Ansab/ Jordan, Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa/ Romania and Fumane/ Italy database SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

The dissertation addresses the technological variability in the European and Levantine early Upper Palaeolithic (eUP). The eUP is often linked to the major dispersal event of H. sapiens into Europe and the final affirmation of our species into the Eurasian continent over the 43–38 ka cal BP timespan. The main feature is the introduction of bladelets, elongated items less than 12 mm wide, whose production processes are the hallmark for technocomplexes. The principal difference is the disassociation of blades...
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OSL data of the Balta Alba Kurgan loess-paleosol sequence, Romania SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

This is the DRAC file (cf. Durcan et al., 2015) used for age calculation of the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating data from the Balta Alba Kurgan loess-paleosol sequence in Romania. This dataset corresponds to the luminescence age data published in Scheidt et al. (2020). The sample names in the first column are encoded as follows: Profile-number_sample-number_protocol. So for example sample BAK1_1_IR50 gives the results of conventional IRSL at 50°C measurements for sample no. 1 in profile BAK1....
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Dead Sea pollen provides new insights into the paleoenvironment of the southern Levant during MIS 6-5 doi Spatial Temporal

The paleoclimate of the southern Levant, especially during the last interglacial (LIG), is still under debate. Reliable paleovegetation information for this period, as independent evidence to the paleoenvironment, was still missing. In this study, we present a high-resolution pollen record encompassing 147-89 ka from the Dead Sea deep drilling core 5017-1A. The sediment profile is marked by alternations of laminated marl deposits and thick massive halite, indicating lake-level fluctuations. The pollen...
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Holocene vegetation history of the southern Levant based on a pollen record from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Lake Kinneret, also known as the Sea of Galilee and Lake Tiberias, is located in the northeast of Israel. At a lake level of 211 m b.s.l. (below mean sea level), the central basin is 43 m deep. The maximum length of the lake is 21 km (N–S) and its maximum width is 12 km (W–E). Lake Kinneret’s surface area is 166 km². A new 17.8 m long sedimentary core was drilled in 2010. Here, we present the entire palynological record from it, which covers the last ~ 9,000 years. Special emphasis is given to the natural...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ7 LRQ8
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Vegetation and climate during the Last Glacial high stand (ca. 28–22 ka BP) of the Sea of Galilee, northern Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Despite ongoing discussions on hydroclimatic conditions in the southern Levant during the Last Glacial, detailed knowledge about the Levantine paleovegetation, which is an important indicator for the paleoclimate, is limited. To investigate the paleovegetation in northern Israel, we analyzed the pollen assemblage of a sediment core that was drilled at the Ohalo II archaeological site on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret). We refined the lithology and the age-depth model with the...
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Holocene climate variability in the Levant from the Dead Sea pollen record doi Spatial Temporal

The Dead Sea, located at the deepest place on continent and between the subtropical Mediterranean zone and the desert, reflects in its water composition and levels, and sedimentary records the hydrological conditions in the southern Levant region. Temporal variations in rainfall and temperatures of the Holocene Levant are reconstructed here from pollen data recovered from a sediment core drilled at the Ein Gedi shore, applying a novel biome model based on Bayesian statistics. Our results suggest that the...
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A preliminary model of Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) based on geoarchaeological investigations. Spatial Temporal

While there is almost no doubt about the African origin of modern humans,1 the path of dispersal and final immigration into Europe is still under debate.2 Our project focuses on the Levant as a potential main corridor for human migrations from Africa to Europe during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. It is embedded in the multi-disciplinary CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe,” also investigating other regions including the source areas in North-East Africa, the North-African/Southern-European-Corridor, the...
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