Found 74 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Geoarchaeological site documentation and analysis of 3D data derived by terrestrial laser scanning doi

Terrestrial laser scanning was conducted to document and analyse sites of geoarchaeological interest in Jordan, Egypt and Spain. In those cases, the terrestrial laser scanner LMS-Z420i from Riegl was used in combination with an accurate RTK-GPS for georeferencing of the point clouds. Additionally, local surveying networks were integrated by established transformations and used for indirect registration purposes. All data were integrated in a workflow that involves different software and according results....
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The Palaeolithic site Sima de Las Palomas de Teba, Southerrn Spain – Site formation processes and chronostratigraphy Spatial

Abstract (The Palaeolithic site Sima de las Palomas de Teba, Southern Spain Site formation processes and chronostratigraphy: The rockshelter sequence consists of 6 m thick stonerich silty clay loam including several archaeological levels with artefacts of Mousterian affinity, bone and charcoal. Stratigraphy and site formation processes were characterised by sedimentological, geochemical and micromorphological investigations. Sediments were dated using IRSL and OSL and the time of the last heating of burnt...
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Black Carbon: fire fingerprints in Pleistocene loess-palaeosol archives in Germany doi Spatial

Past environmental changes were frequently accompanied by changes in fire regimes. However, the extent to which the residue of ancient fires (black carbon, BC) is abundant in Pleistocene palaeosols remains largely unknown, and whether, and to which degree its occurrence and composition relates to pedogenetic processes and palaeoenvironmental change. We studied three Pleistocene loesspalaeosol sequences from western Germany for systematic variation in BC quantity and quality during Marine Isotope Stages 5e...
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Sediment sequence and site formation processes at the Arbreda Cave, NE Spain, and implications on human occupation and climate change during the Last Glacial doi Spatial

The cave of Arbreda provides a detailed archaeological record of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic and is a key site for studying human occupation and cultural transitions in NE Iberia. Recently, studies of lake archives and archaeological sites presented new evidence on climate changes in NE Iberia correlating with Heinrich events. It, therefore, needs to be determined whether climate signals can be identified in the cave sequence of Arbreda, and if so, whether these signals can be correlated with...
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Late Neanderthals at Jarama VI (central Iberia)? doi Spatial

Previous geochronological and archaeological studies on the rock shelter Jarama VI suggested a late survival of Neanderthals in central Iberia and the presence of lithic assemblages of Early Upper Paleolithic affinity. New data on granulometry, mineralogical composition, geochemical fingerprints and micromorphology of the sequence corroborate the previous notion that the archaeological units JVI.2.1 to JVI.2.3 are slackwater deposits of superfloods, which did not experience significant post-depositional...
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The karst site of Las Palomas (Guadalteba County, Málaga, Spain): A preliminary study of its Middle-Late Pleistocene archaeopaleontological record doi Spatial

Cleaning works in the cave of Las Palomas in Teba (Mlaga, Spain), developed by the Guadalteba Consortium, have provided a number of lithic tools and knapping products that may be ascribed to the Mode III technotypological tradition as well as remains of a number of large mammal species typical of Middle-Late Pleistocene times. Topographic measurements help to place this ancient cave within a karst landform. This discovery opens up new perspectives in the research on the Neanderthal groups that inhabited the...
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Raman spectroscopy analysis of Palaeolithic industry from Guadalteba terrace river, Campillos (Guadalteba county, Southern of Iberian Peninsula). doi Spatial Temporal

A representative set of eight lithic tools suitably selected among the very rich Palaeolithic industry collected over the past years in different archaeological sites of the Guadalteba County (Mlaga, Spain) has been nondestructively investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy using both portable and benchtop Raman spectrometers. This article reports on the first archaeometric Raman analysis of these archaeological samples with the scope of checking if these readily available, nondestructive, fast and...
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The Repeated Replacement Model – Rapid Climate Change and Population Dynamics in Upper Pleistocene Europe. doi Spatial

The disappearance of Neanderthals from the Palaeolithic record in Europe remains an enigma, even after more than 150 years of research. This paper identifies Rapid Climate Change during the Glacial period as a major factor that influences a variety of cultural, economic and demographic processes during the European Palaeolithic. In particular, and in agreement with many previous authors, climatic deterioration is put forward to explain multiple population breakdown during the European Palaeolithic, as well...
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C1_14C_AMS_Database_Iberian Peninsula_MPAL_EUP_GRA_SOL Spatial

Database containing radiocarbon AMS dates for Palaeolithic sites of the Iberian Peninsula. 2012. SOL = Solutrean& GRA = Gravettian& EUP = early Upper Palaeolithic& LMP = late Middle Palaeolithic. The data were calibrated using the CalPal-2007-Hulu calibration data-set (Weninger and Jöris, 2007). The table has been published in Schmidt et al. 2012. Rapid climate change and variability of settlement patterns in Iberia during the Late Pleistocene. Quaternary International 274, 179-204.
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Archaeological database containing Iberian sites with Middle and/ or Upper Palaeolithic assemblages Spatial Temporal

All sites of the Iberian Peninsula incorporated into the study (n = 152) published in 2012 (Schmidt et al. 2012). The presence or absence (-) of archaeological complexes (SOL = Solutrean&=& GRA = Gravettian&=& EUP = early Upper Palaeolithic&=& LMP = late Middle Palaeolithic, as defined in the text) is listed for each site. The presence of single (s), multiple (m) or a priori unknown (x) stratigraphical subunits is noted for each complex. The ID number...
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Fauna Database C1 Spatial

Database containing information about faunal assemblages of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic archaeological sites of the Iberian Peninsula.
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Luminescence dating Project C1 Spain Spatial

Luminescence ages and additional information about palaeodose estimation and dosimetry. Optically stimulated luminescence dating was carried out on 23 quartz and feldspar samples using different measurement protocols (OSL, IRSL, postIR IRSL at various temperatures). Thermoluminescence dating of heated silex was applied to 5 samples using a SAR protocol.
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