Found 114 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

GIS-based catchment analysis for prehistoric sites (Poster) Spatial

One of the main objectives of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC 806) is to capture the complex nature of chronology, regional structure, climatic, environmental and socio-cultural contexts in Europe during the last 190.000 years, by interdisciplinary research. This poster presents the first results of a collaboration between projects C1 and Z2 of the CRC 806 that aims to use SCA for sites from the Solutrean and Magdalenian on the Iberian Peninsula. Contribution to the overall research of the CRC...
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NESPOS- A digital archive and platform for Pleistocene archaeology.

The increasing amount of data and the growing importance of digital techniques in archaeology and paleoanthropology require a new form of data organization. The wiki-like data base NESPOS was set up as an international cooperation during an EU funded project and has been developing successfully during the last years. Today it offers a broad range of possibilities for researchers and is amogst others curating CT data of human fossils for the NAtural History Museum London and functions as working platform for...
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Konsum von Landschnecken im Neolithikum: Neue Daten aus dem östlichen Rif (Marokko)

Landschnecken sind reich an Aminosäuren und Proteinen und stehen in vielen Ländern des Mittelmeerraumes auf dem Speiseplan (ARRÉBOLA BURGOS ÁLVAREZ HALCÓN 2001). Der Verzehr von Schnecken gehörte offenbar schon in prähistorischer Zeit in Nordafrika, Iberien (CAMPS MOREL 1982 LUBELL et al. 1976 LUBELL 2004a, b MOREL 1974) und in der vorderasiatischen Levante (BAR 1977) zur Esskultur. In Nordafrika hinterließen Kulturen des Iberomaurusien (20,000–10,000 BP FEHRENBACH 1985 NAMI 2007) entlang der...
Keywords: LRQ13 LRQ15
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Prospection of karstic caves using GIS and remote-sensing techniques for Geoarchaeological research, NE-Morocco Spatial

Caves and rock shelters are important archives for archaeological research. Prehistoric men not only sheltered in caves but also set up camps in open-air locations. Over the last 15 years a joint research group, comprising INSAP (Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine du Maroc), KAAK (Kommission für Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen, German Archaeology Institute) and the University of Cologne, has been carrying out surveys and excavations in the area of the Eastern Rif...
Keywords: LRQ5
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Abiotic raw material supply in the Neolithic of the Eastern Rif, Morocco. A preliminary report Spatial

Since 1995 archaeological research has been undertaken in the Eastern Rif (Morocco) by a Moroccan-German research team with participation of the “Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine du Maroc” (INSAP), the “Kommission für die Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts” (KAAK), and the Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology of the University of Cologne. In the course of these studies, several hundred sites have been discovered and a number of...
Keywords: LRQ17
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Human occupation of Northwest Africa: A review of Middle Palaeolithic to Epipalaeolithic sites in Morocco doi

This paper provides a summary of all available numerical ages from contexts of the Moroccan Middle Palaeolithic to Epipalaeolithic and reviews some of the most important sites. Particular attention is paid to the so-called “Aterian”, albeit those so-labeled assemblages fail to show any geographical and chronological pattern. For this reason, this phenomenon should not be considered a distinct culture or techno-complex and is referred to hereinafter as Middle Palaeolithic of Aterian type. Whereas anatomical...
Keywords: GQT1 LRQ1
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Neolithisation process within the Alboran territory: Models and possible African impact doi Spatial

The Neolithisation of the southern Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean Maghreb, here termed “Alboran territory”, must be considered as the same integrative process. By the mid-8th millennium calBP, both sides of the Western Mediterranean were inhabited by hunter-gatherer groups which probably maintained intercontinental contacts. However, from around 7.6 ka calBP, Neolithic groups from the Eastern Mediterranean arrived in the region along the littoral of what is today Andalusia. Neolithic innovations...
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Prehistoric archaeology is an object-oriented discipline. Archaeological objects like stone tools, bone tools or pieces of mobile art embed human behaviour. A central task of prehistoric research is to decode this information in order to reconstruct ancient human behaviour. This premise affords a defined set of tools for analysis and documentation to describe and evaluate particularly the shape of the object and its surface modifications manufactured by humans. Basis for all types of analysis is therefore a...
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Feasibility studies of terrestrial laser scanning in Coastal Geomorphology, Agronomy, and Geoarchaeology

Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is a newer, active method of remote sensing for the automatic detection of 3D coordinate points. This method has been developed particularly during the last 20 years, in addition to airborne and mobile laser scanning methods. All these methods use laser light and additional angle measurements for the detection of distances and directions. Thus, several thousands to hundreds of thousands of polar coordinates per second can be measured directly by an automatic deflection of...
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Les techno-complexes Ibéromaurusiens d’Ifri El Baroud (Rif Oriental, Maroc)

This report summarizes the results of excavations conducted by the Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine and the German Archaeological Institute at Ifri el-Baroud (Gunpowder Cave). The cultural deposits of Ifri el-Baroud showed to be of a depth of up to 3 meters and to have formed between the 19th and 8th century BC, as proved by a series of radiocarbon datings. The upper part of the stratigraphy consists of an “escargotière” from terrestrian snails, the lower part is formed by a...
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The Epipalaeolithic–Neolithic transition in the Eastern Rif Mountains and the Lower Moulouya valley, Morocco Spatial

The Neolithic transition, since decades in a particular focus of the Western Mediterranean archaeological research, recently receives new input concerning the chronological frame (Carvalho 2010), the development of regional groups (Manen et al. 2010) or raw material supply (Binder et al. 2010). One of the most interesting topics about this is the variability of the archaeological record in the Southern Iberian Peninsula. This seems to be closely linked to the complexity of the environment and the...
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Geoarchaeological site documentation and analysis of 3D data derived by terrestrial laser scanning doi

Terrestrial laser scanning was conducted to document and analyse sites of geoarchaeological interest in Jordan, Egypt and Spain. In those cases, the terrestrial laser scanner LMS-Z420i from Riegl was used in combination with an accurate RTK-GPS for georeferencing of the point clouds. Additionally, local surveying networks were integrated by established transformations and used for indirect registration purposes. All data were integrated in a workflow that involves different software and according results....
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