Data


Found 208 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

When the Desert Dried Up: Late Prehistoric Cultures and Contacts in Egypt and Northern Sudan

The western hinterland of Lower Nubia and Upper Egypt is desert, an area of extreme character, with little rainfall and sparse vegetation, nearly unpeopled and seemingly endless in its extension. Looking closer at that vast region, one recognizes that the desert is not that barren and simple but offers a diversified landscape and an enormous amount of archaeological traces of past human existence. Interest in prehistoric archaeology of the desert developed very slowly in Egypt and Sudan. Most of our...
a1 PDF

The role of cryptotephra in refining the chronology of Late Pleistocene human evolution and cultural change in North Africa doi

Sites in North Africa hold key information for dating the presence ofHomo sapiens and the distribution of Middle Stone Age (MSA), Middle Palaeolithic (MP) and Later Stone Age (LSA) cultural activity in the Late Pleistocene. Here we present new and review recently published tephrochronological evidence for five cave sites in North Africa with long MSA/MP and LSA cultural sequences. Four tephra horizons have been identified at the Haua Fteah (Cyrenaica, Libya). They include cryptotephra evidence for the...
a1 PDF

“Out of Africa” – Ausgrabungen in der ägyptischen Ostwüste (SFB 806: „Out of Africa“ – Excavations in the Egyptian Eastern Desert)

Die Ausbreitung des Menschen während der letzten 100.000 Jahre von Afrika nach Eurasien gilt heute als gesichert. Wissenschaftler diskutieren jedoch nach wie vor die verschiedenen möglichen Wege, die er dabei genommen haben könnte.
a1 PDF

Menschenreste und Besiedlungsspuren – Das Mesolithikum der Blätterhöhle Spatial

State of research, archaeological and anthropological data from the mesolithic-neolithic cave-site Blätterhöhle in Westphalia, Germany.
d4 PDF

Radiocarbon-dating adhesive and wooden residues from stone tools by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS): challenges and insights encountered in a case study doi Spatial

In this study we present and assess a process to enhance archaeological residue AMS dating by focusing on contaminant confinement. The sequence of methods applied consists of: 1) optical residue and usewear analyses, 2) experimental designs addressing cleaning treatments to mitigate impact of contaminants, 3) preparation and extraction of residues from (mostly) previously dated stone artefacts, and 4) establishing the elemental characteristics of residues by using SEM/EDX as a final step to avoid sample...
d4 PDF

Das Mesolithikum in Ostwestfalen-Lippe Spatial

Short overview of the Mesolithic in Eastern Westphalia.
d4 PDF

Regreso a la cueva de Los Casares (Guadalajara). Un nuevo proyecto de investigación para el yacimiento del seno A

c1 PDF

Report on the third field season of the joint research project "Sodmein Cave" (Eastern Desert, Egypt) in spring 2012

The third field season of the joint research project “Sodmein Cave”, conducted by the German University of Cologne and the Belgian University of Leuven, took place in spring 2012 between the 10th of March and the 15th of April. The field work was carried out under the aegis of the Collaborative Research Centre 806, which was established in 2009 by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Research Funding Organisation). During the first field campaign in 2010 the archaeological excavations in Sodmein Cave could...
a1 PDF

Report on the field season autumn 2010 in Sodmein Cave (Eastern Desert, Egypt)

Although Sodmein Cave was discovered about 30 years ago by M. Prickett (Prickett 1979), systematic research started during the 1990’s by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project (BMEPP) of the Leuven University (e.g. Moeyersons et al. 2002, Vermeersch 1994, Van Peer et al. 1996). With this archaeological field season in 2010 the research in Sodmein Cave was resumed as a joint project of the universities Leuven and Cologne. After the resolution of some administrative problems with regard to the military...
a1 PDF

Towards modelling of loess-paleosol sequence formation.

A simple modelling approach of loess-paleosol sequences combining both local insolation (as represented by a combination of precession and obliquity; p-0.5t) and a global climate signal (represented by the LR04 benthic oxygen isotope stack) is presented. Aim is the combination of these signals and the setting of threshold values to mimic loess-paleosol formation in the Pannonian Basin. As a good fit dies not necessarily imply a causal link, results require critical discussion.
b1 PDF

Environmental change indicated by a site-specific grain size ratio - the example of the Semlac loess-paleosol sequence (Romania)

Loess sequences provide important and at least a partial continuous record of Quaternary palaeoenvironmental change. In addition, loess-palaeosol sequences provide valuable information concerning environmental change and climate evolution. It is customary to reconstruct such changes by means of grain sizes ratios. In this study, we calculated an site-specific grain size (GS) ratio (Schulte et al. in review) and compare this ratio with the common U-ratio (Vandenberghe et al.1985) and, in addition, with...
b1 f2 PDF

Climatological and environmental change as derived from physical and geochemical loess sediment properties: Examples of last glacial loess sites from the Pannonian Basin doi

The Project B1 within the CRC 806 “Our way to Europe” is focused on the "Eastern Trajectory" of modern human migration from Africa into Europe. The Middle East, Anatolia, Balkans and Southeastern Europe constitute the principal areas to be investigated. Within these larger regions key areas were selected for combined archaeological and geoarchaeological research, fieldwork having delivered case studies for initial Modern Human adaptational systems, yet to be fully...
b1 f2 PDF