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Found 211 datasets

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Holocene environmental change in NE Morocco: Archaeological and Palaeobotanical evidences from Ifri Oudadane Spatial

The littoral site of Ifri Oudadane is one of the most important recently excavated sites in the Mediterranean Maghreb. The shelter presents Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic layers and therefore offers the possibility to investigate the Neolithic transition in the region. Besides introducing the archaeological context, this paper focuses on palaeobotanical data in order to reconstruct Holocene environmental change and human use of plant resources for the period c. 11 to 5.7 ka cal. BP. Results show intense...
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Sediment sequence and site formation processes at the Arbreda Cave, NE Spain, and implications on human occupation and climate change during the Last Glacial doi Spatial

The cave of Arbreda provides a detailed archaeological record of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic and is a key site for studying human occupation and cultural transitions in NE Iberia. Recently, studies of lake archives and archaeological sites presented new evidence on climate changes in NE Iberia correlating with Heinrich events. It, therefore, needs to be determined whether climate signals can be identified in the cave sequence of Arbreda, and if so, whether these signals can be correlated with...
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Late Neanderthals at Jarama VI (central Iberia)? doi Spatial

Previous geochronological and archaeological studies on the rock shelter Jarama VI suggested a late survival of Neanderthals in central Iberia and the presence of lithic assemblages of Early Upper Paleolithic affinity. New data on granulometry, mineralogical composition, geochemical fingerprints and micromorphology of the sequence corroborate the previous notion that the archaeological units JVI.2.1 to JVI.2.3 are slackwater deposits of superfloods, which did not experience significant post-depositional...
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The karst site of Las Palomas (Guadalteba County, Málaga, Spain): A preliminary study of its Middle-Late Pleistocene archaeopaleontological record doi Spatial

Cleaning works in the cave of Las Palomas in Teba (Mlaga, Spain), developed by the Guadalteba Consortium, have provided a number of lithic tools and knapping products that may be ascribed to the Mode III technotypological tradition as well as remains of a number of large mammal species typical of Middle-Late Pleistocene times. Topographic measurements help to place this ancient cave within a karst landform. This discovery opens up new perspectives in the research on the Neanderthal groups that inhabited the...
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Raman spectroscopy analysis of Palaeolithic industry from Guadalteba terrace river, Campillos (Guadalteba county, Southern of Iberian Peninsula). doi Spatial Temporal

A representative set of eight lithic tools suitably selected among the very rich Palaeolithic industry collected over the past years in different archaeological sites of the Guadalteba County (Mlaga, Spain) has been nondestructively investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy using both portable and benchtop Raman spectrometers. This article reports on the first archaeometric Raman analysis of these archaeological samples with the scope of checking if these readily available, nondestructive, fast and...
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The Repeated Replacement Model – Rapid Climate Change and Population Dynamics in Upper Pleistocene Europe. doi Spatial

The disappearance of Neanderthals from the Palaeolithic record in Europe remains an enigma, even after more than 150 years of research. This paper identifies Rapid Climate Change during the Glacial period as a major factor that influences a variety of cultural, economic and demographic processes during the European Palaeolithic. In particular, and in agreement with many previous authors, climatic deterioration is put forward to explain multiple population breakdown during the European Palaeolithic, as well...
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Die Klingentechnologie von Mochena Borago / Äthiopien. Innovation vor 40 000 Jahren. Arbeit zur Erlangung des Master of Arts. Köln 2013 Spatial

The emergence of blade technology is often seen as an important indicator for the spread of modern humans from Africa to Eurasia and its evolution has been widely researched in Europe and the Middle East. However technological studies from the supposed original area of Homo sapiens, the Horn of Africa and especially Ethiopia, are still lacking, as well as a generally accepted lithic typology. Therefore a detailed comparative technological study of the late Middle Stone Age (40-45 ka) inventories of Mochena...
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Forschungsdatenmanagement mit Open-Source-Software

Im Rahmen des von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, http://www.dfg.de) geförderten Sonderforschungsbereich 806 (SFB806, http://www.sfb806.de) wird eine webbasierte Forschungsdatenbank (http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de) entwickelt. Der SFB806 ist ein Forschungsprojekt mit über 100 beteiligten Wissenschaftlern, das sich mit der Ausbreitung des modernen Menschen (Homo sapiens) von Afrika nach Europa befasst. Die SFB806-Datenbank erfüllt zwei Hauptaspekte: Zum ersten stellt sie eine Möglichkeit zur...
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Computer Model of Forager Mobility

This is an agent based model (ABM) of forager mobility. This model is based on assumptions from Optimal Foraging Theory (OFT) and written in NetLogo. See the attached ODD Protocol for details.
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Building Research Data Management Infrastructure using Open Source Software doi

The implementation of a research data management infrastructure for a large interdisciplinary research project is presented here, based on well-established Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) products such as MapServer, MapProxy, GeoExt and pyCSW, as well as the (not primarily geospatial) open source technologies Typo3 and CKAN. The presented implementation depends primarily on the demands for research data management infrastructure by the funding research agency. It also aligns to theory...
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Mehrskalige geomorphometrische Analyse des Gebel Duwi, Ägyptische Ostwüste (diploma thesis University of Cologne) Spatial

This geography diploma thesis was written by Harriet Berkhan within the framework of the CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe: Culture-Environment Interaction and Human Mobility in the Late Quaternary” at the University of Cologne. The thesis looks into the working hypothesis, as to whether the current morphology can yield important evidence for the discussion about the “Out of Africa” dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) and the reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment. Inasmuch as there are no large-scale...
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Wet feet or walking on sunshine? Reconstruction of wet-dry variations in the source region of modern man. The Chew Bahir project, southern Ethiopia. Spatial

Conference contribution (Poster) at the EGU Meeting in Vienna, April 2012
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