Data


Found 207 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Changes of land-use strategies associated with the arrival of Neolithic settlers in NW-Morocco (Poster) Spatial

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First results on use-wear analysis over several Ancient Neolithic context from Northwest Africa (Poster)

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GIS-based catchment analysis for prehistoric sites (Poster) Spatial

One of the main objectives of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC 806) is to capture the complex nature of chronology, regional structure, climatic, environmental and socio-cultural contexts in Europe during the last 190.000 years, by interdisciplinary research. This poster presents the first results of a collaboration between projects C1 and Z2 of the CRC 806 that aims to use SCA for sites from the Solutrean and Magdalenian on the Iberian Peninsula. Contribution to the overall research of the CRC...
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NESPOS- A digital archive and platform for Pleistocene archaeology.

The increasing amount of data and the growing importance of digital techniques in archaeology and paleoanthropology require a new form of data organization. The wiki-like data base NESPOS was set up as an international cooperation during an EU funded project and has been developing successfully during the last years. Today it offers a broad range of possibilities for researchers and is amogst others curating CT data of human fossils for the NAtural History Museum London and functions as working platform for...
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Konsum von Landschnecken im Neolithikum: Neue Daten aus dem östlichen Rif (Marokko)

Landschnecken sind reich an Aminosäuren und Proteinen und stehen in vielen Ländern des Mittelmeerraumes auf dem Speiseplan (ARRÉBOLA BURGOS ÁLVAREZ HALCÓN 2001). Der Verzehr von Schnecken gehörte offenbar schon in prähistorischer Zeit in Nordafrika, Iberien (CAMPS MOREL 1982 LUBELL et al. 1976 LUBELL 2004a, b MOREL 1974) und in der vorderasiatischen Levante (BAR 1977) zur Esskultur. In Nordafrika hinterließen Kulturen des Iberomaurusien (20,000–10,000 BP FEHRENBACH 1985 NAMI 2007) entlang der...
Keywords: LRQ13 LRQ15
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Prospection of karstic caves using GIS and remote-sensing techniques for Geoarchaeological research, NE-Morocco Spatial

Caves and rock shelters are important archives for archaeological research. Prehistoric men not only sheltered in caves but also set up camps in open-air locations. Over the last 15 years a joint research group, comprising INSAP (Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine du Maroc), KAAK (Kommission für Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen, German Archaeology Institute) and the University of Cologne, has been carrying out surveys and excavations in the area of the Eastern Rif...
Keywords: LRQ5
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Abiotic raw material supply in the Neolithic of the Eastern Rif, Morocco. A preliminary report Spatial

Since 1995 archaeological research has been undertaken in the Eastern Rif (Morocco) by a Moroccan-German research team with participation of the “Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine du Maroc” (INSAP), the “Kommission für die Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts” (KAAK), and the Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology of the University of Cologne. In the course of these studies, several hundred sites have been discovered and a number of...
Keywords: LRQ17
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CLOSE-RANGE SENSING FOR GENERATING 3D OBJECTS IN PREHISTORIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Prehistoric archaeology is an object-oriented discipline. Archaeological objects like stone tools, bone tools or pieces of mobile art embed human behaviour. A central task of prehistoric research is to decode this information in order to reconstruct ancient human behaviour. This premise affords a defined set of tools for analysis and documentation to describe and evaluate particularly the shape of the object and its surface modifications manufactured by humans. Basis for all types of analysis is therefore a...
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Gradual aridification of the Sahara during the last 11,000 years revealed by plant wax δD analyses of Lake Yoa (Chad) Spatial

It is still an ongoing debate whether the transition of the last ‘green Sahara’ period to today’s large desert during the Holocene, the African Humid Period (AHP), was a progressive or an abrupt change in hydrological conditions. Several climate records mainly from East Africa suggest a rapid decline of moisture availability at the end of the AHP including new data from a marine sequence off the Horn of Africa (Tierney & deMenocal, 2013). Other archives including sedimentological,...
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Köppen-Geiger classifications of paleoclimate model simulations (Presentation)

The development and application of an algorithm to compute the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for CMIP/PMIP climate model data is described in this persentation. The classification algorithm is applied to data from the PMIP III paleoclimate experiments for the Last Glacial Maximum (21k yBP), Mid-Holocene (6k yBP) and the Pre-Industrial (0k yBP, control run) time slices. The input data was interpolated to infer higher resolution classification maps. The classification was implemented using Open Source...
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Varved sediments of Lake Yoa (Ounianga Kebir, Chad) reveal progressive drying of the Sahara during the last 6100 years doi Spatial

The sedimentological and geochemical properties of a 7.47 m long laminated sequence from hypersaline Lake Yoa in northern Chad have been investigated, representing a unique, continuous 6100 year long continental record of climate and environmental change in the eastern Central Sahara. These data were used to reconstruct the Mid to Late Holocene history of this currently hyper-arid region, in order to address the question of whether the Mid Holocene environmental transition from a humid to a dry Sahara was...
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Modern and early Holocene mollusc fauna of the Ounianga lakes (northern Chad): implications for the palaeohydrology of the central Sahara doi Spatial

The fresh and saline lakes of Ounianga Kebir and Serir in northeastern Chad are among the very few permanent aquatic ecosystems currently existing in the hyper-arid core of the Sahara desert. The confirmed modern fauna of aquatic molluscs at Ounianga comprises three widespread species (Melanoides tuberculata, Biomphalaria pfeifferi and Lymnaea natalensis), of which only the first appears to maintain a thriving population. We recovered seven more species of gastropods, among which one is new to science...
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