Found 207 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Early MIS 3 occupation of Mochena Borago Rockshelter, Southwest Ethiopian Highlands: Implications for Late Pleistocene archaeology, paleoenvironments and modern human dispersals doi Spatial

Between 70 and 50 ka BP, anatomically modern humans dispersed across and out of Africa to eventually populate all inhabitable continents. Knowledge of paleoenvironments and human behavioral patterns in Africa prior to and during these dispersals is crucial for understanding how and why hunter-gatherers were able to adapt rapidly to the new environments they encountered. However, few well-dated sites from this time period are known from the Horn of Africa, one of the purported staging areas for population...
Keywords: LRQ1 LRQ13 LRQ17 LRQ2
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Stratigraphie und mikromorphologische Analyse extrem trockener Höhlensedimente - Das Beispiel Sodmein Cave, Ägypten

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L’impact environnemental sur la formation des assemblages lithiques unifaciaux et bifaciaux « micoquiens » ou« MMO » d’Europe central. Transitions, ruptures et continuité en Préhistoire.

Research of the last two decades has considerably changed our notion of the cultural units connected with the late Middle Palaeolithic of Europe. The revision of lithic assemblages from Middle Palaeolithic sites in Germany resulted in a new understanding of the relationship between techno-typological entities of artefact assemblages, on the one hand, and the utilization of prehistoric natural landscape, on the other hand.
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Tagungsbericht des internationalen Workshops “The Upper-Late Palaeolithic Transition in Western Central Europe. Typology, Technology, Environment and Demography“, 22.- 24.06.2012 in Rösrath. Spatial

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Jungpleistozäne Küstenveränderungen am Roten Meer und die Ausbreitung des Modernen Menschen (B.Sc. thesis University of Cologne) Spatial

This Bachelor of Science thesis will show the changes of the coastal area of the Red Sea at the time of the Upper Pleistocene and their effects on the dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH). Thus insights about possible routes of migration of AMH out of Africa shall be gained. For this research the palaeoclimate, the sea level changes and the tectonic processes will be decribed. By reconstruction of coastal areas it will be shown that a trespassing of the Bab al-Mandab strait at the mouth of the Red...
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The Palaeolithic site Sima de Las Palomas de Teba, Southerrn Spain – Site formation processes and chronostratigraphy Spatial

Abstract (The Palaeolithic site Sima de las Palomas de Teba, Southern Spain Site formation processes and chronostratigraphy: The rockshelter sequence consists of 6 m thick stonerich silty clay loam including several archaeological levels with artefacts of Mousterian affinity, bone and charcoal. Stratigraphy and site formation processes were characterised by sedimentological, geochemical and micromorphological investigations. Sediments were dated using IRSL and OSL and the time of the last heating of burnt...
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Black Carbon: fire fingerprints in Pleistocene loess-palaeosol archives in Germany doi Spatial

Past environmental changes were frequently accompanied by changes in fire regimes. However, the extent to which the residue of ancient fires (black carbon, BC) is abundant in Pleistocene palaeosols remains largely unknown, and whether, and to which degree its occurrence and composition relates to pedogenetic processes and palaeoenvironmental change. We studied three Pleistocene loesspalaeosol sequences from western Germany for systematic variation in BC quantity and quality during Marine Isotope Stages 5e...
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Holocene environmental change in NE Morocco: Archaeological and Palaeobotanical evidences from Ifri Oudadane Spatial

The littoral site of Ifri Oudadane is one of the most important recently excavated sites in the Mediterranean Maghreb. The shelter presents Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic layers and therefore offers the possibility to investigate the Neolithic transition in the region. Besides introducing the archaeological context, this paper focuses on palaeobotanical data in order to reconstruct Holocene environmental change and human use of plant resources for the period c. 11 to 5.7 ka cal. BP. Results show intense...
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Sediment sequence and site formation processes at the Arbreda Cave, NE Spain, and implications on human occupation and climate change during the Last Glacial doi Spatial

The cave of Arbreda provides a detailed archaeological record of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic and is a key site for studying human occupation and cultural transitions in NE Iberia. Recently, studies of lake archives and archaeological sites presented new evidence on climate changes in NE Iberia correlating with Heinrich events. It, therefore, needs to be determined whether climate signals can be identified in the cave sequence of Arbreda, and if so, whether these signals can be correlated with...
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Late Neanderthals at Jarama VI (central Iberia)? doi Spatial

Previous geochronological and archaeological studies on the rock shelter Jarama VI suggested a late survival of Neanderthals in central Iberia and the presence of lithic assemblages of Early Upper Paleolithic affinity. New data on granulometry, mineralogical composition, geochemical fingerprints and micromorphology of the sequence corroborate the previous notion that the archaeological units JVI.2.1 to JVI.2.3 are slackwater deposits of superfloods, which did not experience significant post-depositional...
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The karst site of Las Palomas (Guadalteba County, Málaga, Spain): A preliminary study of its Middle-Late Pleistocene archaeopaleontological record doi Spatial

Cleaning works in the cave of Las Palomas in Teba (Mlaga, Spain), developed by the Guadalteba Consortium, have provided a number of lithic tools and knapping products that may be ascribed to the Mode III technotypological tradition as well as remains of a number of large mammal species typical of Middle-Late Pleistocene times. Topographic measurements help to place this ancient cave within a karst landform. This discovery opens up new perspectives in the research on the Neanderthal groups that inhabited the...
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Raman spectroscopy analysis of Palaeolithic industry from Guadalteba terrace river, Campillos (Guadalteba county, Southern of Iberian Peninsula). doi Spatial Temporal

A representative set of eight lithic tools suitably selected among the very rich Palaeolithic industry collected over the past years in different archaeological sites of the Guadalteba County (Mlaga, Spain) has been nondestructively investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy using both portable and benchtop Raman spectrometers. This article reports on the first archaeometric Raman analysis of these archaeological samples with the scope of checking if these readily available, nondestructive, fast and...
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