Data


Found 197 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Out of Africa: Geoarchaeological research in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

It is generally agreed upon that modern man came from Africa to Eurasia sometime in the last 100,000 years; academics do not, however, always agree on the routes that were taken. This question is the focus of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC 806; http://www.sfb806.uni-koeln.de) “Our Way to Europe: Culture-Environment Interaction and Human Mobility in the Late Quaternary” based at the universities of Cologne, Bonn and Aachen. Within the framework of this large-scale project (funded by the...
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Spatial loess distribution in the eastern Carpathian Basin: a novel approach based on geoscientific maps and data doi

Geo- and palaeoecological studies in the Carpathian Basin require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of aeolian sediments. Existing maps are not detailed enough and erroneous as a result of the basic input data and scale used. Here we present a map showing the detailed distribution of loess sediments in the Carpathian Basin at the border of Hungary and Romania using a Geographic Information System and the vectorized, statistically analysed geological map of Hungary (scale 1:300,000) and the Romanian...
Keywords: GQT2
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Z2: Data Management and Data Services (Poster Begutachtung 2013)

According to the DFG proposal guideline 60.06, it is expected that a CRC/TRR has a project section focusing on sustainable data storage and management. The Z2 project facilitates the research within the CRC806 by providing data management infrastructure and services. The data management infrastructure implementation is the CRC806-Database (http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de), which is online since summer 2012. Z2 consults and provides GIS- and remote sensing analyses and the acquisition and preparation of...
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CRC806-Database: Implementation of a data management for an interdisciplinary research project

For the data management of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 „Our way to Europe“ (CRC806), funded by the German Research Agency (DFG), at the Universities of Cologne, Bonn and Aachen, the here presented CRC806-Database is in development. Within the 21 sub-projects of the CRC806 about 30 Post-Docs, 60 Ph.D. candidates and more than 100 graduates from the archaeological-, geo- and cultural- sciences working together and producing diverse data, to answer the questions of how modern humans (homo...
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Tracing the Influence of Mediterranean Climate on Southeast Europe during the past 350,000 years doi

Loess-palaeosol sequences are valuable archives of past environmental changes. Although regional palaeoclimatic trends and conditions in Southeastern Europe have been inferred from loess sequences, large scale forcing mechanisms responsible for their formation have yet to be determined. Southeastern Europe is a climatically sensitive region, existing under the strong influence of both Mediterranean and continental climates. Establishment of the spatial and temporal evolution and interaction of these...
Keywords: GQT2
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A Multi-Proxy Analysis of two Loess-Paleosol Sequences in the Northern Harz Foreland

Within the second phase of the “Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC806) – Our Way to Europe – Culture - Environment Interaction and Human Mobility in the Late Quaternary” two loess-paleosol sections in the northern Harz foreland are being investigated. The region is part of the Northern European loess belt. The northern edge of the loess distribution is characterized by an interlocking of Weichselian silt and sand sized aeolian sediments. To the south the Northern European loess belt is limited by the...
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Umweltbedingungen während des letzten Glaziales im nördlichen Harzvorland

In dem Sonderforschungsbereich 806 (SFB 806) "Unser Weg nach Europa - Interaktion von Um-welt und Homo Sapiens während des letzten Spätglaziales" ist das Teilprojekt D1 "Analyse von Migrationsprozessen bedingt durch Um-weltbedingung zwischen 40.000 und 14.000 Jahren im Rhein-Maas-Gebiet" angesiedelt. Im Zuge des Projektes wurden unter anderem auch Löss-Paläoboden-Sequenzen (LPS) im nördli-chen Harzvorland aufgenommen und analysiert. Hierbei wurden anhand verschiedener geoche-mischer, farblicher und...
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Towards a revised stratigraphy for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Transition at La Güelga (Narciandi, Asturias, Spain) - Micromorphological investigations and new radiocarbon data

The archaeological sequence of the Palaeolithic site of La Güelga apparently shows an interstratification of Aurignacian between Mousterian and Châtelperronian layers, a sequence which disagrees with the stratigraphic model for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in SW-Europe. We analyzed the witness section of the interior sector in archaeological zone D using micromorphology and collected new radiocarbon dates for the Aurignacian and presumably Châtelperronian levels in order to provide...
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Neolithic transition and lithic technology: The Epipalaeolithic and Early Neolithic assemblages of Ifri Oudadane, NE-Morocco

Ifri Oudadane represents one of the few recently excavated sites in NW-Africa which permits a study of the Neolithic transition. The site is dated by 23 radiocarbon ages suggesting an occupation between 11.0 and 5.7 ka calBP. The well-documented Neolithic transition occurred at about 7.6 ka calBP. This transition is marked by the appearance of pottery, cereals and legumes. Furthermore, geochemistry and micromorphology indicate several changes in the sedimentation milieu. One of the most interesting...
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Hassi Berkane, eine neu entdeckte, steinzeitliche Fundstelle im östlichen Rif, Marokko SFB806 doi Spatial

Hassi Berkane (“Wellspring Berkane”) is an Iberomarusian site in the Nador Province in Northeastern Morocco. A thick escargotière visible in construction trenches and underneath the rockshelter on the outskirts of the town was investigated by the team from the CRC 806 in 2014. Profiles in the trench were documented and two boreholes were drilled underneath the rockshelter. The team found lithics and faunal remains in the cores alongside terrestrial snail shell fragments, as well as multiple charcoals taken...
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Relating past occupation patterns to (paleo)environmental properties – hypothesis testing

Current archaeological discussions suggest that early human settlement distribution patterns, as preserved by the geological record, may be related to geospatial properties such as altitude, vicinity to water and habitat variability. However, to date, no quantitative analyses have been undertaken to either verify or falsify these hypotheses. In this study, data-driven methods were applied to test these hypotheses, specifically correlation and comparison of dataset variabilities. We compare the standard...
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Megabiome changes over the last 120kyr (HadCM3) SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This geospatial dataset contains climate data from 120 ka to 0 ka in 1000 to 4000 year steps as raster data. The variable shows biomes representing nine different climate conditions modeled with the HadCM3 - general circulation model. The source data from Hoogakker et al. (2016) was imported from the original published NetCDF file and translated to multiple GEOTIFFs with GDAL. The raster data has been converted to single GeoTIFFs with GDAL’s gdal translate and gdalwarp tool. The dataset has a resolution of...
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