Data


Found 21 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Distribution modeling of paleofauna in the Western Mediterranean between the Heinrich events H5 and H4 SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

This master’s thesis deals with species distribution modeling (SDM) for eight selected prey animals of the Neanderthals and the anatomically modern human within the framework of the Collaborative Research Center 806 ("Our way to Europe"). This research was realized for three methods in three climatically different time slices during the Late Pleistocene. One profile method, one regression method and one machine learning method were used. A model was developed that performs these three methods in order to...
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Blazi Cave - an in situ Epigravettian site in Albania SFB806 doi

The Epigravettian site of Blazi cave represents so far the only undisturbed and securly dated Epigravettian site in Albania. The new data fill a research gap for the time of the Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Eastern Adriatic. During the GAP (German-Albanian Palaeolithic research project) campaign in 2015, a large sample of stone artefacts and animal bones was excavated. Their spatial distribution and good preservation indicate an in situ position of the archaeological layer. The tool spectrum contains a...
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Carpatian Basin 30ky bp GIS data set SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

To provide paleoenvironmental data for a GIS and geostatistic based Species Distribution Modelling (SDM) application, this comprehensive GIS data set was created. The data set consists of DEM based topography, and of paleoclimate layers, that were used as environmental predictor variables for SDM application.
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Mikromorphologische Untersuchung des spätpaläolithischen Fundplatzes Blazi Cave (Albanien) SFB806 doi

Im Verlauf dieser Arbeit werden auf eine geographische und archäologische Einordnung folgend, die zur Analyse angewandten Methoden und die daraus resultierenden Erkenntnisse dargestellt und diskutiert. Um die Ergebnisse, die unter anderem paläoklimatische Aspekte bereithalten chronologisch einzuordnen und einen Kontext mit der Paläoumwelt herzustellen werden die heutigen Klimabedingungen und mögliche Ausprägungen der Paläoumwelt des Untersuchungsgebietes vorgestellt (Kapitel 4) und mit verschiedenen...
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PaleoMaps: GIS based Palaeoenvironmental data collection for the Last Interglacial (125ka) of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

The growing number of paleoenvironmental data, GIS-based analyses and modelling allows us to produce PaleoMaps for a given area. However, the „translation“ of paleoenvironmental information in maps is even more complex, than producing maps as an illustration of the present. The CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” provides the background to study the culture-environment interaction and human mobility in the Late Quaternary. Northeastern Africa during the Last Interglacial is thereby an important region and timespan....
Keywords: GQT2
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Hassi Berkane, eine neu entdeckte, steinzeitliche Fundstelle im östlichen Rif, Marokko SFB806 doi Spatial

Hassi Berkane (“Wellspring Berkane”) is an Iberomarusian site in the Nador Province in Northeastern Morocco. A thick escargotière visible in construction trenches and underneath the rockshelter on the outskirts of the town was investigated by the team from the CRC 806 in 2014. Profiles in the trench were documented and two boreholes were drilled underneath the rockshelter. The team found lithics and faunal remains in the cores alongside terrestrial snail shell fragments, as well as multiple charcoals taken...
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Megabiome changes over the last 120kyr (HadCM3) SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This geospatial dataset contains climate data from 120 ka to 0 ka in 1000 to 4000 year steps as raster data. The variable shows biomes representing nine different climate conditions modeled with the HadCM3 - general circulation model. The source data from Hoogakker et al. (2016) was imported from the original published NetCDF file and translated to multiple GEOTIFFs with GDAL. The raster data has been converted to single GeoTIFFs with GDAL’s gdal translate and gdalwarp tool. The dataset has a resolution of...
Keywords: GQT2
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Unterrichtsmaterialien zur Unterrichtseinheit ‚Migration früher und heute – Wo liegen die Unterschiede in den Migrationen?‘ mit dem Fokus auf der Bearbeitung der Frage ‚Warum kam der moderne Mensch nach Europa?‘ SFB806 doi

The materials to the teaching unit „‚Migration in the past and today – Where are the differences in the migrations?’ with the focus on handling the question ‚Why did modern humans came to Europe?’” are developed in the frame of the dissertation „Argumentation as a method to solve problems: A class study to the oral argumentation of pupils in cooperative settings in geography lessons” (Sabrina Dittrich). This dissertation was written in the Collaborative Research Center 806 – ‚Our Way to Europe’. The...
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Living at the lakeshore. Early Nubian Complex site associated with a lacustrine environment SFB806 doi

By analysing satellite images of the area around Sodmein Cave numerous well-preserved surface remnants (terraces) could be documented. Surveys on these old terraces, showing mainly a dark desert pavement, yielded preferentially Pleistocene artefact concentrations. Hence, it became clear that these terraces represent parts of the former Pleistocene surface of the area. During surveying activities on such terraces a new archaeological site – preliminary named as “Sodmein Playa” 14/01 – was discovered around 3...
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Multi-Scale Dimension of Relief in Geoarchaeology. A base for reconstructing Late Pleistocene environments in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial

Scale, spatial and temporal, is one of the most important issues to deal with, when reconstructing former environments and landscapes in context of geoarchaeology. We present remote sensing investigations of different scales in order to answer crucial questions about late Pleistocene terrain environment as one important aspect for the migration of anatomically modern humans in Northeast Africa.
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Geomorphological Investigations of Desert Pavements and Wadi Terraces in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi

The mountainous Eastern Desert of Egypt is an extremely eroded environment where the conditions to encounter Pleistocene palaeoenvironmental geoarchives are very rare. Dominated by outcrops of Precambrian basement, the drainage system is characterized by relatively short wadis with small catchment areas (figure 1). The limestone hogback of Djebel Duwi is one of the exceptional regions within the Eastern Desert which provides a significant amount of quaternary deposits, mainly wadi terraces at the eastern...
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Geoarchaeological Research in the Egpytian Eastern Desert. Uniqie Cave Sediments of the Archaeological Site Sodmein Cave, Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironment in a Hyperarid Area SFB806 doi

Sodmein Cave can be interpreted as one of the rare living sites in the time frame between 120 ka and 7 ka before today in northeast Africa. Nowadays, a hyperarid climate is dominant in the area, but the excavated sequence - with more than 4 m of stratified occupation debris of mainly Middle Stone Age (MSA) deposits - indicate for the Pleistocene regional wetter conditions.Main objective of the PhD is to understand the site formation and sediment accumulation within the cave and to derive environmental...
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