Found 72 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Distribution modeling of paleofauna in the Western Mediterranean between the Heinrich events H5 and H4 SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

This master’s thesis deals with species distribution modeling (SDM) for eight selected prey animals of the Neanderthals and the anatomically modern human within the framework of the Collaborative Research Center 806 ("Our way to Europe"). This research was realized for three methods in three climatically different time slices during the Late Pleistocene. One profile method, one regression method and one machine learning method were used. A model was developed that performs these three methods in order to...
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Hunter-Gatherers of the High-Altitude Afromontane Forest - Holocene Occupation of Mount Dendi, Ethiopia Spatial Temporal

Presentation at SAfA 2018 Conference in Toronto: The Dendi Lake Rock Shelter is situated circa 80 km west of Addis Abeba on the West Central Ethiopian Plateau in the Ginchi woreda of the Oromiya regional state of Ethiopia. In October 2012 a team from the University of Cologne, CRC 806 directed by R. Vogelsang excavated a test-trench that revealed four archaeological horizons that could clearly be distinguished in typological manners as well as by radiocarbon dates. The talk will focus on the lithics,...
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Endorheische Becken in SW-Spanien: eine GIS-Vorerkundung zu weiterführenden Paläoumwelt-Studien Spatial

To understand paleoenvironment and its evolution, paleoenvironmental reconstruction is indispensable. Various climate archives containing data of several thousands of years allow conclusions about environmental conditions in prehistoric times. On the Iberian Peninsula such significant data can be found in lacustrine depositions in endorheic salt lakes. The Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC 806) established by the universities of Cologne, Bonn and Aachen examines the history and migration of humanity...
Keywords: gis
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Carpatian Basin 30ky bp GIS data set SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

To provide paleoenvironmental data for a GIS and geostatistic based Species Distribution Modelling (SDM) application, this comprehensive GIS data set was created. The data set consists of DEM based topography, and of paleoclimate layers, that were used as environmental predictor variables for SDM application.

PaleoMaps: GIS based Palaeoenvironmental data collection for the Last Interglacial (125ka) of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

The growing number of paleoenvironmental data, GIS-based analyses and modelling allows us to produce PaleoMaps for a given area. However, the „translation“ of paleoenvironmental information in maps is even more complex, than producing maps as an illustration of the present. The CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” provides the background to study the culture-environment interaction and human mobility in the Late Quaternary. Northeastern Africa during the Last Interglacial is thereby an important region and timespan....
Keywords: GQT2
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Mittelsteinzeitliche Fundkomplexe des 9. Jahrtausends im Bezirk Trier (Rheinland-Pfalz): Chronologischer Kontext, Rohstoffversorgung und Aktivtätsräume doi Spatial

Zusammenfassung ‒ Beruhend auf den Arbeiten von I. Koch und H. Löhr wurde im Rahmen des Projektes D4 des Sonderforschungsbereiches 806 „Our Way to Europe“ an der Universität zu Köln die Erfassung und Auswertung der mesolithischen Fundstellen im Bezirk Trier fortgesetzt. Wichtige Ergebnisse dieser Arbeiten werden hier am Beispiel der Siedlungsplätze aus dem frühen Boreal zusammenfassend dargestellt. Ausgangspunkt dieser Abhandlung ist der Fundplatz „Hüttingen an der Kyll“, der kürzlich auf etwa 8400 Jahren...
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Hassi Berkane, eine neu entdeckte, steinzeitliche Fundstelle im östlichen Rif, Marokko SFB806 doi Spatial

Hassi Berkane (“Wellspring Berkane”) is an Iberomarusian site in the Nador Province in Northeastern Morocco. A thick escargotière visible in construction trenches and underneath the rockshelter on the outskirts of the town was investigated by the team from the CRC 806 in 2014. Profiles in the trench were documented and two boreholes were drilled underneath the rockshelter. The team found lithics and faunal remains in the cores alongside terrestrial snail shell fragments, as well as multiple charcoals taken...
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Megabiome changes over the last 120kyr (HadCM3) SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This geospatial dataset contains climate data from 120 ka to 0 ka in 1000 to 4000 year steps as raster data. The variable shows biomes representing nine different climate conditions modeled with the HadCM3 - general circulation model. The source data from Hoogakker et al. (2016) was imported from the original published NetCDF file and translated to multiple GEOTIFFs with GDAL. The raster data has been converted to single GeoTIFFs with GDAL’s gdal translate and gdalwarp tool. The dataset has a resolution of...
Keywords: GQT2
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Towards multi-proxy based millennial time scales in Late Pleistocene Danubian Loess-Palaeosol Sequences. Spatial

Late Pleistocene palaeoclimatic records for south-eastern Europe rely largely on loesspalaeosol equences (LPSS). The general spatial scarcity and often limited temporal range of other sedimentary archives assign the LPSS of the region a key role even in millennial scale temporal reconstructions of the Late Pleistocene terrestrial environmental dynamics. In Eurasia, aeolian dust sediments (loess) are widespread in continental mid-latitudes. The Eurasian loess-belt has its western end in the Middle Danube...
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Landscapes and Paleolandscapes in south-eastern Europe during Late Quaternary and their relevance for human habitats and dispersal Spatial

Pleistocene landscape dynamics affect climatic and environmental conditions, and may have had a major impact on modern human habitats. In this contribution, reconstructions of modern and late Pleistocene environments based on landscape evolution models are presented and discussed following a series of transects from the Pannonian Basin to the Black Sea. These transects include geomorphological features and landscapes like loess plateaus, dune fields, alluvial plains, the Carpathian Mountains, and their...
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Lössverbreitung im Pannonischen Becken - Problematik grenzüberschreitender Geodaten und Lösungsansätze mit GIS für eine Beispielregion (Grenzregion Ungarn-Rumänien) Spatial

To create a map showing the distribution of loess sediments in the Pannonian Basin in the border region of Hungary and Romania several different cross-border spatial data had to be used. Particularly there were problems because of the thematically content of the underlying international geodata, but also because of geodetical basics like projections and lingual barriers, respectively. To solve these identified problems some solutions were made e.g. by using the EU-INSPIRE-directive. However, the most...
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Multiskalige Untersuchungen zur Rekonstruktion geomorphologischer Prozesse im Abri Mochena Borago (Äthiopien) und seinem Einzugsgebiet Spatial Temporal

In prehistoric times the rock shelter Mochena Borago served as a retreat for anatomically modern humans in the southwestern Ethiopian Highlands. During the last decade archaeo-logical analyses helped to gain insight into the history of settlement of the rock shelter in the last 50 ka. Element and micromorphological analyses as well as computer-supported large scale investigations for sediment sources and transport into the rock shelter itself were carried out to understand the depositional history of...
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