Found 207 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Multi-Scale Dimension of Relief in Geoarchaeology. A base for reconstructing Late Pleistocene environments in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial

Scale, spatial and temporal, is one of the most important issues to deal with, when reconstructing former environments and landscapes in context of geoarchaeology. We present remote sensing investigations of different scales in order to answer crucial questions about late Pleistocene terrain environment as one important aspect for the migration of anatomically modern humans in Northeast Africa.
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Geomorphological Investigations of Desert Pavements and Wadi Terraces in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi

The mountainous Eastern Desert of Egypt is an extremely eroded environment where the conditions to encounter Pleistocene palaeoenvironmental geoarchives are very rare. Dominated by outcrops of Precambrian basement, the drainage system is characterized by relatively short wadis with small catchment areas (figure 1). The limestone hogback of Djebel Duwi is one of the exceptional regions within the Eastern Desert which provides a significant amount of quaternary deposits, mainly wadi terraces at the eastern...
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Geoarchaeological Research in the Egpytian Eastern Desert. Uniqie Cave Sediments of the Archaeological Site Sodmein Cave, Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironment in a Hyperarid Area SFB806 doi

Sodmein Cave can be interpreted as one of the rare living sites in the time frame between 120 ka and 7 ka before today in northeast Africa. Nowadays, a hyperarid climate is dominant in the area, but the excavated sequence - with more than 4 m of stratified occupation debris of mainly Middle Stone Age (MSA) deposits - indicate for the Pleistocene regional wetter conditions.Main objective of the PhD is to understand the site formation and sediment accumulation within the cave and to derive environmental...
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Climate Data 30-13 ka GIS Dataset SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This raster data is part of a geospatial dataset that contains climate data from 30 ka to 13 ka in 1000 year steps, provided by Tallavaara et al. (2015). The variables are PET (Potential Evapotranspiration) and WAB (Water balance) in mm/year and MCM (Mean temperature of the coldest month) in C°. The source was supplied in a .xls file containing longitude/latitude coordinates with the related variable values. It was imported to a shapefile with QGIS' "Create a Layer from a Delimited Text...
Keywords: GQT2

Paleocoastlines GIS dataset SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This GIS dataset contains 23 different computed land masks of characteristic sea level high stand/ low stand with respect to the relative sea level (RSL) for events and intervals during a period from 200 ka BP until today in Europe, the Nearer East and northern parts of Africa. The sea level data was collected from modeled data published in scholarly works and derived from General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (2014) using the software QGIS and esri ArcMap.

Tracing the Mediterranean climate influence over the central Balkans (southeast Europe) during the past 350 ka

Knowledge of past climate variability based on the study of paleoclimate archives may help in better understanding the forcing mechanisms and extent of any future climate change. In some regions, such as Eastern Europe, loess-paleosol sequences (LPS) are one of the most important terrestrial archives of Quaternary paleoclimate and its spatial and temporal dynamics. Studies of LPS from the Middle and Lower Danube basins fundamentally improved understanding of the European Quaternary climate and environmental...
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New geochronology of the Stalać section at the southern limit of European loess occurrence through pIR50IR290 dating

A new geochronology was established for the Stala´c loess-paleosol section in central Serbia. The section is located in the Central Balkan, at the transition zone between Atlantic, continental and Mediterranean climate regimes and is therefore potentially extraordinary sensitive to past and present climatic changes. Especially in the context of early human migration, this region is not intensively studied and has potential to contribute valuable information. This is the reason why it is investigated in...
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Loess in the foothills of the western Carpathians and its importance for paleoenvironmental reconstruction towards the Carpathian Basin

The CRC 806 „Our way to Europe“ focuses on the first arrival and dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) from Africa to Europe. Within the second phase of this project, a subproject investigates the eastern trajectory of AMH dispersal through the Levant and Balkan Peninsula. Special attention is given to the Carpathian Basin and the surrounding foothills of the Carpathian Mountains. To this date, most Paleolithic sites in this region have been found in the foothills. To test the hypothesis whether...
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LGM paleoenvironment of Europe - Map SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

The here documented GIS map and dataset contains a collection of Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ~21k yBP) paleoenvironmental data. It is the first result of a project that aims to acquire, produce and publish GIS datasets from non-GIS based sources such as analogous maps, textual informations or figures of scientific publications for prehistoric time slices. In combination with modelling results and already available GIS-datasets related to the mentioned time frame, it should enable other researchers and...
Keywords: GQT2
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LGM major inland waters of Europe - GIS dataset SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This is GIS dataset contains the major inland waters (rivers and lakes) of Europe during the LGM. The data was collected from data published in scholarly works.
Keywords: GQT2

Geochemische Untersuchung rezenter lakustriner Sedimente der Laguna de Medina, Südspanien

The Laguna de Medina is a semi-permanent salt lake in southern Spain. As part of a drilling campaign in March 2015, 47 samples of recent lacustrine sediments were taken of the lake by using a gravity corer. In addition the lake depth was measured at each sampled point. The taken samples were analyzed for their content of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur (CNS). Also the sediment was tested for it’s amount of total organic and inorganic carbon. It turns out that the recent lake sediment, specifially on the...

Sedimentologische Untersuchungen an Bohrkernen der Laguna de Medina, Südspanien

Sedimentological investigations of drill cores of the Laguna de Medina, southern Spain