Data


Found 103 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Climate change recorded in the sediments of Chew Bahir, southern Ethiopia, during the last 45,000 years Spatial

East African paleoenvironments are highly variable, marked by extreme fluctuations in moisture availability, which has far-reaching implications for the origin, evolution and dispersal of Homo sapiens in and beyond the region. This paper presents results from a pilot core from the Chew Bahir basin in southern Ethiopia that records the climatic history of the past 45 ka, with emphasis on the African Humid Period (AHP, ∼15–5 ka calBP). Geochemical, physical and biological indicators show that Chew Bahir...
a3 url

Climate and environmental change in the Balkans over the last 17 ka recorded in sediments from Lake Prespa (Albania/F.Y.R. of Macedonia/Greece) Spatial

This paper presents sedimentological, geochemical, and biological data from Lake Prespa (Albania/Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia/Greece). The 320 cm core sequence (Co1215) covers the last 17 ka calBP and reveals significant change in climate and environmental conditions on a local and regional scale. The sediment record suggests typical stadial conditions from 17.1 to 15.7 ka calBP, documented through low lake productivity, well-mixed conditions, and cold-resistant steppe catchment vegetation. Warming...
b2 url

Vegetation and climate history of the Lake Prespa region since the Lateglacial doi Spatial

Pollen assemblages of a sediment sequence (Co1215) from Lake Prespa reveal substantial vegetational and environmental changes on a regional scale for the Lateglacial and Holocene. The age-depth model, based on radiocarbon dating and tephrochronology, indicates continuous sedimentation for the last c. 17 000 cal BP. An open landscape with prominent cold-resistant steppe vegetation and isolated tree patches (mainly Pinus) is inferred for the Lateglacial. The pollen data suggest the survival of numerous...
b2 url

Lake Prespa Pollen Data 320cm doi Spatial

Pollen assemblages of a sediment sequence (Co1215) from Lake Prespa reveal substantial vegetational and environmental changes on a regional scale for the Lateglacial and Holocene. The age-depth model, based on radiocarbon dating and tephrochronology, indicates continuous sedimentation for the last c. 17 000 cal BP. An open landscape with prominent cold-resistant steppe vegetation and isolated tree patches (mainly Pinus) is inferred for the Lateglacial...
b2 XLS url

Towards reconstruction of past fire regimes from geochemical analysis of charcoal doi

Production of charcoal has accompanied human life from the beginning. We aimed at evaluating the degree to which the chemical signatures of charcoal may serve as a fingerprint for burning conditions. After a compilation of fire literature we differentiated three typical fire regimes [grass and forest ground (285 ± 143 °C), shrub (503 ± 211 °C) and domestic fires (797 ± 165 °C)] and three main factors impacting on charcoal formation: charring duration, temperature and fuel. For fingerprint calibration and...
f3 xlsx xlsx url

PalaeoClimate Classifications (PMIP2 Köppen-Geiger) Spatial PaleoMaps

This dataset represents palaeo climate classification according to the updatede Köppen-Geiger [1] classification scheme. The classifiaction is derived from the PMIP2 [2] palaeoenvironmental simulations data for the time virables of LGM (21k), Mid-holocene (6k) and Pre-Industrial (0k). For the LGM, a LandMask consisting of the -120m coastline [3] was used, for the Mid-Holocene and Pre-Industrial classifications the coastlines of today [4] wehere used. [1] MARKUS KOTTEK, JÜRGEN GRIESER, CHRISTOPH BECK,...
z2 ZIP url url url url url ZIP url url url url url

Lake Banyoles (northeastern Spain): A Last Glacial to Holocene multi-proxy study with regard to environmental variability and human occupation. doi

Analyses of a 67-m long sediment core from Lake Banyoles (northeastern Spain) have revealed evidence for the palaeoclimate history of the northern Iberian Peninsula. Investigations have included highresolution and non-destructive sediment-physical, geochemical, and optical methods to generate proxies indicative of sedimentologic variability and climate change. Primary stratigraphic control is based on 14 C and U-series dates of organic and inorganic material, as well as tephra from the Late Pleistocene...
c1 url

The Holocene archaeological sequence and sedimentological processes at Ifri Oudadane, NE Morocco doi Spatial

The coastal site of Ifri Oudadane is one of the most important sites in the Mediterranean Maghreb. Recent excavations have provided a stratigraphy featuring the transition from Epipalaeolithic hunter-gatherers to Neolithic food producers. This transitional process could be defined by various features. The sedimentological field description revealed a change from homogenous sediment to more structured deposits, and similar to the so-called “fumiers” that are characteristic of animal husbandry in caves...
c2 url

Preliminary reassessment of the Aurignacian in Banat (South-western Romania). doi Spatial

Despite its richness, the Romanian Paleolithic record has remained for decades relatively poorly known to the broader scientific community. The situation swiftly changed after the find at Oase Cave, which brought the Romanian paleoanthropological and archeological record into intensive focus, spurring several international research projects devoted to the regional Early Upper Paleolithic. The present paper provides the first summary of recent research undertaken in the neighboring area of Oase, the Romanian...
b1 url

Paläolithische Fundkomplexe in den Lössdeckschichten des Tagebaus Garzweiler. Ergebnisse einer geoarchäologischen Prospektion. Spatial

b1 url

Indirect dating of historical land use through mining: Linking heavy metal analyses of fluvial deposits to archaeobotanical data and written accounts. Spatial

Man-made heavy metal contamination of floodplains has existed for centuries—even dating back to the Middle Ages. Up to now, these contaminants have been analyzed with very time-consuming and costly techniques. Thus, to determine historical heavy metal contamination, the aim of this study is to link the following approaches to generate better comprehensive and interdisciplinary understanding of historical land use of the Inde River, Germany (1) to analyze anthropogenic heavy metal contamination of fluvial...
b1 url

Neanderthals in the Cold: Middle Paleolithic Sites from the Open-Cast Mine of Garzweiler, Nordrhein-Westfalen (Germany). Spatial

In the years 1999–2001, an area of approximately 150 ha was surveyed by continuous control of the loess walls of the open-cast lignite mine of Garzweiler near Cologne, Germany. A total of 46 Middle Paleolithic sites were located, most of them clustering in connection to small stream positions. Despite the importance of natural factors during the site formation processes, lithic artifacts and skeleton elements preserved well, suggesting high impact of human and non-human agents, followed by low to moderate...
b1 url