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Found 98 datasets

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Three climatic cycles recorded in a loess-paleosol sequence at Semlac (Romania) – implications for dust accumulation in south-eastern Europe doi Spatial

Recent investigations of the Semlac loess section in the south-eastern Carpathian Basin, which is situated at an undercut slope position on the right bank of the Mureş River in its lower reaches (Banat region, western Romanian), are presented and discussed. Dating back to marine isotope stage (MIS) 10, the more than 10 m thick loess sequence includes four fossil soil-complexes developed in homogenous and relatively fine silty loess. Because of the good preservation of the sediment, Semlac is regarded as a...
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Rezension zu: Kind, C.-J., Beutelspacher, Th., David, E. & Stephan, E. (2012). Das Mesolithikum in der Talaue des Neckars 2. Die Fundstreuungen von Siebenlinden 3, 4 und 5

Rezension zu: Kind, C.-J., Beutelspacher, Th., David, E. & Stephan, E. (2012). Das Mesolithikum in der Talaue des Neckars 2. Die Fundstreuungen von Siebenlinden 3, 4 und 5. Mit Beitr. v. J. Niederhöfer u. E. David (Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Baden-Württemberg 125). Stuttgart: Theiss. 500 S. ISBN 978-3-8062-2794-9. Einleitung In Rottenburg-Siebenlinden wurden die bisher umfangreichsten Ausgrabungen an mesolithischen Freilandstationen in Deutschland durchgeführt. Die...
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Aragonite and calcite preservation in sediments from Lake Iznik related to bottom lake oxygenation and water column depth doi

This study examines the forcing mechanisms driving long-term carbonate accumulation and preservation in lacustrine sediments in Lake Iznik (north-western Turkey) since the last glacial. Currently, carbonates precipitate during summer from the alkaline water column, and the sediments preserve aragonite and calcite. Based on X-ray diffraction data, carbonate accumulation has changed significantly and striking reversals in the abundance of the two carbonate polymorphs have occurred on a decadal time scale,...
Keywords: GQT2 LRQ6 LRQ7
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Vegetation and climate during the Last Glacial high stand (ca. 28–22 ka BP) of the Sea of Galilee, northern Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Despite ongoing discussions on hydroclimatic conditions in the southern Levant during the Last Glacial, detailed knowledge about the Levantine paleovegetation, which is an important indicator for the paleoclimate, is limited. To investigate the paleovegetation in northern Israel, we analyzed the pollen assemblage of a sediment core that was drilled at the Ohalo II archaeological site on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret). We refined the lithology and the age-depth model with the...
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Palaeohydrological evolution and implications for palaeoclimate since the Late Glacial at Laguna de Fuente de Piedra, southern Spain doi

Here, we present a terrestrial multi-proxy record of Late Quaternary environmental changes in the southern Iberian Peninsula covering approximately 30 ka. This sedimentary record originates from a saline playa lake (Laguna de Fuente de Piedra) hosted within a complex geological setting dominated by Triassic claystones and evaporites, Jurassic carbonates and Miocene deposits leading to a complex hydrogeological setting. Dissolution of evaporites in the catchment and intense evaporation are responsible for...
Keywords: LRQ11
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Megabiome changes over the last 120kyr (HadCM3) SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This geospatial dataset contains climate data from 120 ka to 0 ka in 1000 to 4000 year steps as raster data. The variable shows biomes representing nine different climate conditions modeled with the HadCM3 - general circulation model. The source data from Hoogakker et al. (2016) was imported from the original published NetCDF file and translated to multiple GEOTIFFs with GDAL. The raster data has been converted to single GeoTIFFs with GDAL’s gdal translate and gdalwarp tool. The dataset has a resolution of...
Keywords: GQT2
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What influences the sediment composition of a rockshelter in a hyperarid environment? Insights from sedimentological and micromorphological analyses at the archaeological site Sodmein Cave, Egypt doi

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Climate Data 30-13 ka GIS Dataset SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This raster data is part of a geospatial dataset that contains climate data from 30 ka to 13 ka in 1000 year steps, provided by Tallavaara et al. (2015). The variables are PET (Potential Evapotranspiration) and WAB (Water balance) in mm/year and MCM (Mean temperature of the coldest month) in C°. The source was supplied in a .xls file containing longitude/latitude coordinates with the related variable values. It was imported to a shapefile with QGIS' "Create a Layer from a Delimited Text...
Keywords: GQT2
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Digital image analysis of outcropping sediments: Comparison to photospectrometric data from Quaternary loess deposits at Şanoviţa (Romania) and Achenheim (France) doi

The possibility to use colour data, as extracted from two selected loess-paleosol sequences, is discussed here. Colour data are a fast and inexpensive method of proxy data generation. We compare the outcome from analysing outcrop images taken by digital cameras in the field and spectral colour data as determined under controlled laboratory conditions. By nature, differences can be expected due to variations in illumination, moisture, and sample preparation. Outcrop inclination may be an issue for...
Keywords: GQT2
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Impacts of climate and humans on the vegetation in northwestern Turkey: palynological insights from Lake Iznik since the Last Glacial doi Spatial

The Marmara region in northwestern Turkey provides a unique opportunity for studying the vegetation history in response to climate changes and anthropogenic impacts because of its location between different climate and vegetation zones and its long settlement history. Geochemical and mineralogical investigations of the largest lake in the region, Lake Iznik, already registered climate-related changes of the lake level and the lake mixing. However, a palynological investigation encompassing the Late...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ6 LRQ7
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A QGIS plugin to interface openModeller SFB806 doi

This is a plugin for QGIS to interface the openModeller software package. OpenModeller is a software framework for species’ potential distribution modelling. The package includes (among other program files) the om_console.exe executable which is used for the modelling process. The program file is controlled by a configuration file and needs several files as input data. The configuration file contains the paths to the input data, configuration parameters for the output data and the selected modelling...
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Environmental change indicated by grain-size variations and trace elements: examples from two different sections - the sandy-loess sediments from the Doroshivtsy site (Ukraine) and the loess section Semlac (Romania) doi

Loess sequences provide important and at least a partial continuous record of Quaternary palaeoenvironmental change; some of the sequences even bury archaeological remains. In addition, loess-palaeosol sequences provide valuable information concerning environmental change and climate evolution. In this study, we compare two sections: (1) The Middle to Late Pleistocene loesspaleosol section of Semlac in western Romania (MIS 10 – 1), and (2) the sandy-loess section of Doroshivtsy in western Ukraine (MIS...
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