Data


Found 100 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Maps of interpolated paleotemperatures in Western Europe from MIS 14 to MIS 11 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

To support the ecological model of the study Rodríguez et al. (2020, in review), five BIOCLIM variables (BIO1, BIO6, BIO10, BIO11) were computed from the Oscillayers dataset, for 11 subdivisions of the Marine Isotope Stages MIS 14 to MIS 11, as defined in (Rodríguez et al 2020, in review). Oscillayers is a global‐scale and region‐specific BIOCLIM paleoclimatic datasets with high temporal resolution spanning the Plio‐Pleistocene, facilitating the study of climatic oscillations during the last 5.4 million...
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OSL data of the Balta Alba Kurgan loess-paleosol sequence, Romania SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

This is the DRAC file (cf. Durcan et al., 2015) used for age calculation of the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating data from the Balta Alba Kurgan loess-paleosol sequence in Romania. This dataset corresponds to the luminescence age data published in Scheidt et al. (2020). The sample names in the first column are encoded as follows: Profile-number_sample-number_protocol. So for example sample BAK1_1_IR50 gives the results of conventional IRSL at 50°C measurements for sample no. 1 in profile BAK1....
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A new Dead Sea pollen record reveals the last glacial paleoenvironment of the southern Levant doi

The southern Levant is a key region for studying vegetation developments in relation to climate dynamics and hominin migration processes in the past due to the sensitivity of the vegetation to climate variations and the long history of different anthropogenic occupation phases. However, paleoenvironmental conditions in the southern Levant during the Late Pleistocene were still insufficiently understood. Therefore, we investigated the vegetation and fire history of the Dead Sea region during the last glacial...
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The Last Glacial Maximum and Heinrich event I on the Iberian Peninsula: A regional climate modelling study for understanding human settlement patterns doi

The spatial distribution and dating of archaeological sites suggest a poor occupation of southern Iberia by hunter-gatherers after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and during Heinrich event 1 (H1) compared to Northern Iberia. The H1 was a period of cold and arid climate conditions and is suspected to have played an important role in the population dynamics in Europe at the end of the Pleistocene. In this study, the potential influence of climate change on the human settlement patterns in Iberia is analysed...
Keywords: LRQ13
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Palaeohydrology and its impact on groundwater in arid environments: Gebel Duwi and its vicinities, Eastern Desert, Egypt doi Spatial

From ancient times, access to water in arid and hyper-arid regions has been crucial for life. Increased knowledge about groundwater conditions is therefore extremely important for the future development of desert areas. Gebel Duwi, a limestone ridge, sited in the today hyper-arid Eastern Desert of Egypt, was chosen for testing current hypotheses concerning the interdependence of palaeohydrologic features and geologic settings for groundwater investigations. Two sub-basins are identified in affecting Gebel...
Keywords: GQT2
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Dead Sea pollen provides new insights into the paleoenvironment of the southern Levant during MIS 6-5 doi Spatial Temporal

The paleoclimate of the southern Levant, especially during the last interglacial (LIG), is still under debate. Reliable paleovegetation information for this period, as independent evidence to the paleoenvironment, was still missing. In this study, we present a high-resolution pollen record encompassing 147-89 ka from the Dead Sea deep drilling core 5017-1A. The sediment profile is marked by alternations of laminated marl deposits and thick massive halite, indicating lake-level fluctuations. The pollen...
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Holocene vegetation history of the southern Levant based on a pollen record from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Lake Kinneret, also known as the Sea of Galilee and Lake Tiberias, is located in the northeast of Israel. At a lake level of 211 m b.s.l. (below mean sea level), the central basin is 43 m deep. The maximum length of the lake is 21 km (N–S) and its maximum width is 12 km (W–E). Lake Kinneret’s surface area is 166 km². A new 17.8 m long sedimentary core was drilled in 2010. Here, we present the entire palynological record from it, which covers the last ~ 9,000 years. Special emphasis is given to the natural...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ7 LRQ8
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Black carbon accrual during 2000 years of paddy-rice and non-paddy cropping in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Spatial

Rice straw burning has accompanied paddy management for millennia, introducing black carbon (BC) into soil as the residue of incomplete combustion. This study examined the contribution of BC to soil organic matter and the rate at which it accumulates in paddy soils as a result of prolonged paddy management. Soil depth profiles were sampled along a chronosequence of 0-2000 years of rice-wheat rotation systems and adjacent non-paddy systems (50-700 years) in the Bay of Hangzhou (Zhejiang province, China). The...
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Lateglacial to Holocene pedogenesis and formation of colluvial deposits in a loess landscape of Central Europe (Wetterau, Germany) Spatial

Loess areas in Central Europe have been settled since ancient times and are therefore predestined to archive information about both the paleoenvironment with and without human activities. In gentle rolling loess-landscapes distinct short and shallow valleys, so-called dells, are prominent landscape elements that act as sediment traps. The loess-paleosol-colluvium (LPC) sequence of Gambach (Wetterau, Germany) can be regarded as an exceptional sequence for Lateglacial-Holocene pedogenesis and human impact in...
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Palaeoclimate Reconstruction in the Levant and on the Balkans Spatial

For an understanding of the climate system’s variability, knowledge of the past climate is essential. Continuous observations are not available for longer than the last 100 years, a period that is insufficient to understand the variability and sensitivity of the climate system. Since information of both is necessary to build good climate models, the reconstruction of the past climate is fundamental. With palaeoclimate reconstructions it is possible to get information about the past climate and the climate...
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LumReader R package

A series of functions to estimate the detection windows of a luminescence reader based on the filters and the photomultiplier (PMT) selected. These functions also allow to simulate a luminescence experiment based on the thermoluminesce (TL) or the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of a material.
Keywords: LRQ1
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Spatial loess distribution in the eastern Carpathian Basin: a novel approach based on geoscientific maps and data doi

Geo- and palaeoecological studies in the Carpathian Basin require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of aeolian sediments. Existing maps are not detailed enough and erroneous as a result of the basic input data and scale used. Here we present a map showing the detailed distribution of loess sediments in the Carpathian Basin at the border of Hungary and Romania using a Geographic Information System and the vectorized, statistically analysed geological map of Hungary (scale 1:300,000) and the Romanian...
Keywords: GQT2
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