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Found 109 datasets

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Spatial loess distribution in the eastern Carpathian Basin: a novel approach based on geoscientific maps and data doi

Geo- and palaeoecological studies in the Carpathian Basin require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of aeolian sediments. Existing maps are not detailed enough and erroneous as a result of the basic input data and scale used. Here we present a map showing the detailed distribution of loess sediments in the Carpathian Basin at the border of Hungary and Romania using a Geographic Information System and the vectorized, statistically analysed geological map of Hungary (scale 1:300,000) and the Romanian...
Keywords: GQT2
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The early upper paleolithic of the Banat and recent research at the paleolithic site of Tincova

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Long thin blade production and Late Gravettian hunter-gatherer mobility in Eastern Central Europe doi

The regular and systematic production of long blades (>120 mm) that maintain a thickness (<10 mm) of regular blades (<120 mm) is a particular phenomenon of the Upper Palaeolithic (40–10 ka BP) archaeological record of Eastern Central Europe. However, the mechanical underpinnings of manufacturing these long blades are still not fully understood. This paper presents experimental research that used heavy (∼800 g) and light (∼570 g) antler percussors to test the effect of percussor weight on the manufacture of...
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Tracing the Influence of Mediterranean Climate on Southeast Europe during the past 350,000 years doi

Loess-palaeosol sequences are valuable archives of past environmental changes. Although regional palaeoclimatic trends and conditions in Southeastern Europe have been inferred from loess sequences, large scale forcing mechanisms responsible for their formation have yet to be determined. Southeastern Europe is a climatically sensitive region, existing under the strong influence of both Mediterranean and continental climates. Establishment of the spatial and temporal evolution and interaction of these...
Keywords: GQT2
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Three climatic cycles recorded in a loess-paleosol sequence at Semlac (Romania) – implications for dust accumulation in south-eastern Europe doi Spatial

Recent investigations of the Semlac loess section in the south-eastern Carpathian Basin, which is situated at an undercut slope position on the right bank of the Mureş River in its lower reaches (Banat region, western Romanian), are presented and discussed. Dating back to marine isotope stage (MIS) 10, the more than 10 m thick loess sequence includes four fossil soil-complexes developed in homogenous and relatively fine silty loess. Because of the good preservation of the sediment, Semlac is regarded as a...
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Relating past occupation patterns to (paleo)environmental properties – hypothesis testing

Current archaeological discussions suggest that early human settlement distribution patterns, as preserved by the geological record, may be related to geospatial properties such as altitude, vicinity to water and habitat variability. However, to date, no quantitative analyses have been undertaken to either verify or falsify these hypotheses. In this study, data-driven methods were applied to test these hypotheses, specifically correlation and comparison of dataset variabilities. We compare the standard...
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Modelling causes of loess-paleosol formation in the Carpathian Basin

The effect of orbital forcing of climate in southeastern Europe can be demonstrated using climate models. Multiple linear regression models (here of the LR04 stack, obliquity and precession; Laskar et al., 2004; Lisiecki and Raymo, 2005) are rather simple models which may be used for the estimation of factors influencing dust deposition resulting in loess formation and pedogenesis in loess. Available data for the last 440 ka from loess is limited to magnetic susceptibility datasets in the area (Basarin et...
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Loess distribution map for the eastern part of the Carpathian Basin: A new approach using different geoscientific maps and data

Geo- and paleo-ecological studies in the Carpathian Basin require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of aeolian sediments. Existing and often cited maps, such as Haase et al. (2007), are in not detailed enough and faulty as a result of the basic input data and due to the used scale. To create a map showing the detailed distribution of loess sediments in the Carpathian Basin at the border of Hungary and Romania several different cross-border spatial data were used. Particularly some problems occurred...
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Tracing the influence of Mediterranean climate on Southeast Europe during the past 350,000 years

Loess-palaeosol sequences (LPS) are valuable archives of past environmental changes in the Eurasian loess belt. Although regional palaeoclimatic trends and conditions in Southeastern Europe (SEE) have been inferred from LPS, large scale forcing mechanisms responsible for their formation have yet to be determined. SEE is a climatically sensitive region, existing under the strong influence of both Mediterranean and continental climates. Establishment of the spatial and temporal evolution and interaction of...
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Towards multi-proxy based millennial time scales in Lower Danubian Late Pleistocene Loess-Palaeosol Sequences: evidence for persistent North Atlantic sea surface temperature control

Late Pleistocene palaeoclimatic records for south-eastern Europe rely largely on loess-palaeosol sequences (LPSS). The general spatial scarcity and often limited temporal range of other sedimentary archives assign the LPSS of the region a key role even in millennial scale temporal reconstructions of the Late Pleistocene terrestrial environmental dynamics. The Eurasian loess-belt has its western end in the Middle Danube (Carpathian) and the Lower Danube Basin. Similar to the Chinese Loess Plateau...
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Luminescence characteristics of quartz grains from the Titel Loess Plateau

The Titel loess plateau in the Vojvodina region of Serbia is considered to contain the most detailed terrestrial paleoclimatic records in Europe, with a thick and apparently continuous record extending through the middle and late Early Pleistocene. In the past few decades the plateau has been investigated on a fairly large scale and has provided important records of climatic and environmental changes during the Pleistocene in this part of Europe. Regardless the extensive research in the past, high detailed...
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Prevailing winds in Northern Serbia: recent data, geomorphological evidences and numerical Simulations

The prevailing winds are explored in Northern Serbia, examining the aeolian processes, especially in the southeastern part of the Carpathian (Pannonian) Basin in the area in and around the Banatska Peščara (Deliblato Sands). In this study, four different methodological approaches were used. The first two approaches are based on the identification of prevailing winds using climatological data on winds and synoptic data on atmospheric circulations from the recent period. Geomorphological records and numerical...
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