Found 44 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Aeolian dynamics at the Orlovat loess-paleosol sequence, northern Serbia, based on detailed textural and geochemical evidence doi Spatial

Previous investigations showed that the Orlovat loess–paleosol section, northern Serbia, is characterized by irregularities in sedimentological properties, magnetic susceptibility and color of the sediment. Here, we applied granulometric analysis and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyses to study how the sedimentation at the Orlovat site was conditioned by specific geomorphological or climatic conditions. Grain-size analysis is an established method and one of the most frequently used paleoenvironmental proxies...
Keywords: GQT2

Late Quaternary landscape evolution in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) based on sedimentological and geochemical investigations Spatial

This Ph.D.-thesis focuses on the Levant as a potential main corridor of human dispersal from Africa to Europe during the Upper Pleistocene. For the related palaeoenvironmental research in the Eastern Mediterranean region, significant and reliable climate proxies as well as Palaeolithic in-situ sites are scarce. Consequently, the investigation of environmental interactions and migration pathways of ancient human cultures requires advances in the prospection of archaeological sites and associated...

Technological and Typological Change at the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Boundary in Lebanon Spatial

The dissertation is based on the study of lithics in order to explore cultural-historic connections across the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic boundary in Lebanon between 50-35,000 years ago on one hand, and between different regions in the Levant on the other. Besides the study of some 10 assemblages from Lebanon, additional data was acquired through published literature. For the first time, it could be testified that so called transitional industries in Lebanon are not connected to the preceding Middle...

Upper Paleolithic of Middle Dniester: Doroshivtsi III site Spatial

As a result of excavations of the Doroshivtsi III open-air site in the Middle Dniester region, seven Upper Paleolithic cultural levels were discovered in the 12 m thick loess profile. With the exception of level 1 with very few artifacts, all other cultural levels could be determined as Gravettian. The richest collections belong to level 3 and 6. Level 6 is dated to 22,330 ± 100 BP, and represents an original UP industry with shouldered points, a small amount of burins, and numerous backed tools made mainly...
Keywords: GQT1

Environmental dynamics and luminescence chronology from the Orlovat loess-paleosol sequence (Vojvodina, northern Serbia) doi Spatial

The Carpathian Basin contains some of the best preserved loess deposits in Europe, including some of the continent's longest and best resolved climate records. Large areas of the basin have been intensively investigated in recent years, although deposits in the east remain largely unstudied, despite considerable regional variation in climate records. Here we discuss the sedimentary record exposed in the Orlovat brickyard using detailed litho- and pedo-stratigraphic, enviromagnetic parameters and...
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A geochemical approach on reconstructing Upper Pleistocene environmental conditions from wadi deposits - an example from the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) doi Spatial

Stratified Upper Pleistocene sediment sequences have been geochemically investigated in the arid environment of the Wadi Sabra (Southern Jordan). The wadi fills are associated to archaeological finds of Upper Palaeolithic to Epipalaeolithic age and intended for a reconstruction of palaeoenvironmental conditions during and after the time of the initial human occupation. As the mineralogical and sedimentological composition of the sediments is highly influenced by the nature of the local source rock, the...
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Mapping the distribution of weathered Pleistocene wadi deposits in Southern Jordan using ASTER, SPOT-5 data and laboratory spectroscopic analysis doi Spatial

In the arid regions of the Levant, ancient wadi fills act as a terrestrial sedimentary archive with a high potential for preserving archaeological findings. This current study combines remote sensing with laboratory VIS-spectroscopy to investigate the spatial distribution of alluvial wadi fills in a small catchment in Southern Jordan. Due to its homogeneous sandstone geology, the composition of the alluvial sediments is highly influenced by the local bedrock whilst fluvial relocation and surface weathering...
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Genesis of loess-like sediments and soils at the foothills of the Banat Mountains, Romania - Examples from the Paleolithic sites Romanesti and Cosava doi Spatial

The Paleolithic sites Romanesti and Cosava, situated at the foothills of the Banat Mountains in Romania, provide an important testament of life of the first European modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) during the Middle Pleniglacial. Even though these sites have been extensively excavated, little is known about the site formation of related loess-like sediments and soils. First luminescence data at the two investigated sections confirm sediments from the penultimate glacial period to the Holocene. ...
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The Late Pleistocene Belotinac section (southern Serbia) at the southern limit of the European loess belt: Environmental and climate reconstruction using grain size and stable C and N isotopes doi Spatial

The Belontinac loess section is one of the southernmost loess-paleosol environmental archives for the Late Quaternary in Serbia. The climate at this site is intermediate between the continental and the Mediterranean realms, which makes this loess archive potentially highly sensitive to past climatic changes. This paper presents new insights into the paleoenvironmental history during the last glacial period in southern Serbia using grain size and isotope proxy data. The grain size parameters from the...
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Looking around Peştera Cu Oase: The beginnings of Upper Paleolithic in Romania Spatial

In contrast to the widely acknowledged anthropological finds in Oase Cave and to the key geographical position of Romanian territory for the assumed dispersion of Anatomically Modern Humans in Europe, the archaeological information regarding the emergence of the Upper Paleolithic in Romania remains poorly known to a broader scientific community. The prolonged theoretical and methodological isolation of the Romanian Paleolithic research has particularly contributed to keeping the regional archaeology out...
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B1_Jordan_Sedimentology and Geochemistry (Bertrams et al. 2012_QI) Spatial

Database containing the detailed laboratory results from sedimentological and geochemical analysis obtained from Upper Pleistocene sediment stratigraphies in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) as published in Bertrams et al. (2012): Multiple environmental change at the time of the Modern Human passage through the Middle East – First results from geoarchaeological investigations on Upper Pleistocene sediments in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan). Quaternary International 274, 55-72.
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Luminescence dating Project B1 Romania Ukraine Spatial

Luminescence ages and additional information about palaeodose estimation and dosimetry. Optically stimulated luminescence dating was carried out on 31 quartz samples and 7 feldspar samples. Thermoluminescence dating of heated silex was applied to 11 samples using various measurement protocols (SAR, MAAD, SARA). Preliminary TL ages were published in Sitlivy et al. 2012, Quartar 59, 85-130. Further results are given in Schmidt et al. Journal of Archaeological Sciences (in review).
Keywords: luminescence osl silex
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