Found 24 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Geodata of "Loess and other Quaternary sediments in Germany" SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

Geo- and palaeoecological studies focusing on the late Pleistocene require a detailed knowledge of the spatial distribution of aeolian sediments. In Germany existing maps are either on large scales, have a regional focus or show significant inaccuracies such as artificial boundaries within different geological units. To obtain a more detailed, seamless map of the distribution of aeolian sediments and their potential source areas, we combined and reanalysed available geo-data, using a Geographical...
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Dead Sea pollen provides new insights into the paleoenvironment of the southern Levant during MIS 6-5 doi Spatial Temporal

The paleoclimate of the southern Levant, especially during the last interglacial (LIG), is still under debate. Reliable paleovegetation information for this period, as independent evidence to the paleoenvironment, was still missing. In this study, we present a high-resolution pollen record encompassing 147-89 ka from the Dead Sea deep drilling core 5017-1A. The sediment profile is marked by alternations of laminated marl deposits and thick massive halite, indicating lake-level fluctuations. The pollen...
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Holocene vegetation history of the southern Levant based on a pollen record from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Lake Kinneret, also known as the Sea of Galilee and Lake Tiberias, is located in the northeast of Israel. At a lake level of 211 m b.s.l. (below mean sea level), the central basin is 43 m deep. The maximum length of the lake is 21 km (N–S) and its maximum width is 12 km (W–E). Lake Kinneret’s surface area is 166 km². A new 17.8 m long sedimentary core was drilled in 2010. Here, we present the entire palynological record from it, which covers the last ~ 9,000 years. Special emphasis is given to the natural...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ7 LRQ8
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Vegetation and climate during the Last Glacial high stand (ca. 28–22 ka BP) of the Sea of Galilee, northern Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Despite ongoing discussions on hydroclimatic conditions in the southern Levant during the Last Glacial, detailed knowledge about the Levantine paleovegetation, which is an important indicator for the paleoclimate, is limited. To investigate the paleovegetation in northern Israel, we analyzed the pollen assemblage of a sediment core that was drilled at the Ohalo II archaeological site on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret). We refined the lithology and the age-depth model with the...
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Multiskalige Untersuchungen zur Rekonstruktion geomorphologischer Prozesse im Abri Mochena Borago (Äthiopien) und seinem Einzugsgebiet Spatial Temporal

In prehistoric times the rock shelter Mochena Borago served as a retreat for anatomically modern humans in the southwestern Ethiopian Highlands. During the last decade archaeo-logical analyses helped to gain insight into the history of settlement of the rock shelter in the last 50 ka. Element and micromorphological analyses as well as computer-supported large scale investigations for sediment sources and transport into the rock shelter itself were carried out to understand the depositional history of...
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Demographie der Jäger und Sammler im späten Jungpaläolithikum Spatial Temporal

This PhD-thesis investigated the demography of Late Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer populations, when Europe was repopulated after the Last Glacial Maximum. The study deals with estimations of regional differentiated population densities and associated settlement patterns. A method based on GIS techniques is used to upscale archaeological data from key sites and regions to culturally homogenous contextual areas in Europe. Based on the spatial density of Late Upper Palaeolithic sites, GIS-calculated...

Holocene climate variability in the Levant from the Dead Sea pollen record doi Spatial Temporal

The Dead Sea, located at the deepest place on continent and between the subtropical Mediterranean zone and the desert, reflects in its water composition and levels, and sedimentary records the hydrological conditions in the southern Levant region. Temporal variations in rainfall and temperatures of the Holocene Levant are reconstructed here from pollen data recovered from a sediment core drilled at the Ein Gedi shore, applying a novel biome model based on Bayesian statistics. Our results suggest that the...
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Ergebnisse einer Suche nach Aurignacien- und Magdalénien-Fundstellen in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Spatial Temporal


Archäobotanische Untersuchungen zum spätpaläolithischen Fundplatz Rietberg Spatial Temporal


Raman spectroscopy analysis of Palaeolithic industry from Guadalteba terrace river, Campillos (Guadalteba county, Southern of Iberian Peninsula). doi Spatial Temporal

A representative set of eight lithic tools suitably selected among the very rich Palaeolithic industry collected over the past years in different archaeological sites of the Guadalteba County (Mlaga, Spain) has been nondestructively investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy using both portable and benchtop Raman spectrometers. This article reports on the first archaeometric Raman analysis of these archaeological samples with the scope of checking if these readily available, nondestructive, fast and...
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Archaeological database containing Iberian sites with Middle and/ or Upper Palaeolithic assemblages Spatial Temporal

All sites of the Iberian Peninsula incorporated into the study (n = 152) published in 2012 (Schmidt et al. 2012). The presence or absence (-) of archaeological complexes (SOL = Solutrean&=& GRA = Gravettian&=& EUP = early Upper Palaeolithic&=& LMP = late Middle Palaeolithic, as defined in the text) is listed for each site. The presence of single (s), multiple (m) or a priori unknown (x) stratigraphical subunits is noted for each complex. The ID number...
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A preliminary model of Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) based on geoarchaeological investigations. Spatial Temporal

While there is almost no doubt about the African origin of modern humans,1 the path of dispersal and final immigration into Europe is still under debate.2 Our project focuses on the Levant as a potential main corridor for human migrations from Africa to Europe during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. It is embedded in the multi-disciplinary CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe,” also investigating other regions including the source areas in North-East Africa, the North-African/Southern-European-Corridor, the...
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