Found 196 datasets

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The Crvenka loess-paleosol sequence (Vojvodina, Northern Serbia)- a record of continuous domination of the Late Pleistocene grasslands Spatial

In this study we present a comparison of two independent paleo-environmental evidences: novel n-alkane biomarkers and traditional land snails assemblages, associated with widely used proxy records such as the low field magnetic susceptibility, grain size and various isotopic and geochemical indices. These paleo-environmental proxy records provide evidence for the continued predominance of the different grassland vegetation types during the entire Late Pleistocene. The results presented in this study...

Towards multi-proxy based millennial time scales in Late Pleistocene Danubian Loess-Palaeosol Sequences. Spatial

Late Pleistocene palaeoclimatic records for south-eastern Europe rely largely on loesspalaeosol equences (LPSS). The general spatial scarcity and often limited temporal range of other sedimentary archives assign the LPSS of the region a key role even in millennial scale temporal reconstructions of the Late Pleistocene terrestrial environmental dynamics. In Eurasia, aeolian dust sediments (loess) are widespread in continental mid-latitudes. The Eurasian loess-belt has its western end in the Middle Danube...
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Three climatic cycles recorded in a loess-palaeosol sequence at Semlac (Romania) – implications for dust accumulation in the Carpathian Basin and the northern Hemisphere Spatial

Semlac is regarded as a key section for the Carpathian Basin because of the good preservation of the fine silt. The site is situated at the Mureş River in its lower reaches (Banat region, western Romanian). The more than 10 m thick loess sequence includes four fossil sol-complexes developed in homogenous relatively fine silty loess and dates back to marine isotope stage (MIS) 10. This setting offers possibilities to a) improve the understanding of the type and composition of the lowland loess sequences in...
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Tracing the Mediterranean climate influence over the central Balkans (southeast Europe) during the past 350 ka Spatial

Knowledge of past climate variability based on the study of paleoclimate archives may help in better understanding the forcing mechanisms and extent of any future climate change. In some regions, such as Eastern Europe, loess-paleosol sequences (LPS) are one of the most important terrestrial archives of Quaternary paleoclimate and its spatial and temporal dynamics. Studies of LPS from the Middle and Lower Danube basins fundamentally improved understanding of the European Quaternary climate and environmental...

Landscapes and Paleolandscapes in south-eastern Europe during Late Quaternary and their relevance for human habitats and dispersal Spatial

Pleistocene landscape dynamics affect climatic and environmental conditions, and may have had a major impact on modern human habitats. In this contribution, reconstructions of modern and late Pleistocene environments based on landscape evolution models are presented and discussed following a series of transects from the Pannonian Basin to the Black Sea. These transects include geomorphological features and landscapes like loess plateaus, dune fields, alluvial plains, the Carpathian Mountains, and their...
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Lössverbreitung im Pannonischen Becken - Problematik grenzüberschreitender Geodaten und Lösungsansätze mit GIS für eine Beispielregion (Grenzregion Ungarn-Rumänien) Spatial

To create a map showing the distribution of loess sediments in the Pannonian Basin in the border region of Hungary and Romania several different cross-border spatial data had to be used. Particularly there were problems because of the thematically content of the underlying international geodata, but also because of geodetical basics like projections and lingual barriers, respectively. To solve these identified problems some solutions were made e.g. by using the EU-INSPIRE-directive. However, the most...
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Multiskalige Untersuchungen zur Rekonstruktion geomorphologischer Prozesse im Abri Mochena Borago (Äthiopien) und seinem Einzugsgebiet Spatial Temporal

In prehistoric times the rock shelter Mochena Borago served as a retreat for anatomically modern humans in the southwestern Ethiopian Highlands. During the last decade archaeo-logical analyses helped to gain insight into the history of settlement of the rock shelter in the last 50 ka. Element and micromorphological analyses as well as computer-supported large scale investigations for sediment sources and transport into the rock shelter itself were carried out to understand the depositional history of...
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Multi-Scale Dimension of Relief in Geoarchaeology. A base for reconstructing Late Pleistocene environments in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi Spatial

Scale, spatial and temporal, is one of the most important issues to deal with, when reconstructing former environments and landscapes in context of geoarchaeology. We present remote sensing investigations of different scales in order to answer crucial questions about late Pleistocene terrain environment as one important aspect for the migration of anatomically modern humans in Northeast Africa.
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Climate Data 30-13 ka GIS Dataset SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This raster data is part of a geospatial dataset that contains climate data from 30 ka to 13 ka in 1000 year steps, provided by Tallavaara et al. (2015). The variables are PET (Potential Evapotranspiration) and WAB (Water balance) in mm/year and MCM (Mean temperature of the coldest month) in C°. The source was supplied in a .xls file containing longitude/latitude coordinates with the related variable values. It was imported to a shapefile with QGIS' "Create a Layer from a Delimited Text...
Keywords: GQT2

Multiproxy-Dataset for core 5053-4 (HSPDP-CHB-1A) doi Spatial

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Paleocoastlines GIS dataset SFB806 doi Spatial PaleoMaps

This GIS dataset contains 23 different computed land masks of characteristic sea level high stand/ low stand with respect to the relative sea level (RSL) for events and intervals during a period from 200 ka BP until today in Europe, the Nearer East and northern parts of Africa. The sea level data was collected from modeled data published in scholarly works and derived from General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (2014) using the software QGIS and esri ArcMap.

Impacts of climate and humans on the vegetation in northwestern Turkey: palynological insights from Lake Iznik since the Last Glacial doi Spatial

The Marmara region in northwestern Turkey provides a unique opportunity for studying the vegetation history in response to climate changes and anthropogenic impacts because of its location between different climate and vegetation zones and its long settlement history. Geochemical and mineralogical investigations of the largest lake in the region, Lake Iznik, already registered climate-related changes of the lake level and the lake mixing. However, a palynological investigation encompassing the Late...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ6 LRQ7
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