Found 20 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Distribution modeling of paleofauna in the Western Mediterranean between the Heinrich events H5 and H4 SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

This master’s thesis deals with species distribution modeling (SDM) for eight selected prey animals of the Neanderthals and the anatomically modern human within the framework of the Collaborative Research Center 806 ("Our way to Europe"). This research was realized for three methods in three climatically different time slices during the Late Pleistocene. One profile method, one regression method and one machine learning method were used. A model was developed that performs these three methods in order to...
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Supplementary data for "Distribution modeling of paleofauna in the Western Mediterranean between the Heinrich events H5 and H4" (master's thesis) SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

This dataset is related to the master's thesis "Distribution modeling of paleofauna in the Western Mediterranean between the Heinrich events H5 and H4". The aim of the work was to generate a model for species distribution in the Western Mediterranean and to determine the best method in this context. By applying three different methods (Bioclim, GLM, MaxEnt) from the dismo package, R was used to predict the distribution of eight cold-adapted prey species in the Late Pleistocene. The Geographic Information...

Hunter-Gatherers of the High-Altitude Afromontane Forest - Holocene Occupation of Mount Dendi, Ethiopia Spatial Temporal

Presentation at SAfA 2018 Conference in Toronto: The Dendi Lake Rock Shelter is situated circa 80 km west of Addis Abeba on the West Central Ethiopian Plateau in the Ginchi woreda of the Oromiya regional state of Ethiopia. In October 2012 a team from the University of Cologne, CRC 806 directed by R. Vogelsang excavated a test-trench that revealed four archaeological horizons that could clearly be distinguished in typological manners as well as by radiocarbon dates. The talk will focus on the lithics,...
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Geodata of "Loess and other Quaternary sediments in Germany" SFB806 doi Spatial Temporal

Geo- and palaeoecological studies focusing on the late Pleistocene require a detailed knowledge of the spatial distribution of aeolian sediments. In Germany existing maps are either on large scales, have a regional focus or show significant inaccuracies such as artificial boundaries within different geological units. To obtain a more detailed, seamless map of the distribution of aeolian sediments and their potential source areas, we combined and reanalysed available geo-data, using a Geographical...
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Dead Sea pollen provides new insights into the paleoenvironment of the southern Levant during MIS 6-5 doi Spatial Temporal

The paleoclimate of the southern Levant, especially during the last interglacial (LIG), is still under debate. Reliable paleovegetation information for this period, as independent evidence to the paleoenvironment, was still missing. In this study, we present a high-resolution pollen record encompassing 147-89 ka from the Dead Sea deep drilling core 5017-1A. The sediment profile is marked by alternations of laminated marl deposits and thick massive halite, indicating lake-level fluctuations. The pollen...
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Holocene vegetation history of the southern Levant based on a pollen record from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Lake Kinneret, also known as the Sea of Galilee and Lake Tiberias, is located in the northeast of Israel. At a lake level of 211 m b.s.l. (below mean sea level), the central basin is 43 m deep. The maximum length of the lake is 21 km (N–S) and its maximum width is 12 km (W–E). Lake Kinneret’s surface area is 166 km². A new 17.8 m long sedimentary core was drilled in 2010. Here, we present the entire palynological record from it, which covers the last ~ 9,000 years. Special emphasis is given to the natural...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ7 LRQ8
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The “German Albanian Palaeolithic” Programme (GAP): A status report Temporal

Since 2009 the German Albanian Palaeolithic project (GAP) examines two open-air and three cave sites in different parts of Albania. The data obtained allow a first assessment of the potentials as well as challenges posed by these archives. While evidence for human occupation in the postglacial period and subsequent Holocene is plentiful, older traces are still scanty. Multiple factors are responsible for this bias of which to mention above all is climatic impact and postglacial landscape modification. Two...
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The Aurignacian way of life: Contextualizing early modern human adaptation in the Carpathian Basin doi Temporal

The culture and dispersal of early modern humans are top priorities of many research agendas. While the debate primarily centers on genetics, dispersal trajectories and points of earliest presence, the context (climate, landscape, demography, culture) of the colonizing process is usually considered in a coarse-grained manner or even ignored. To understand the context of human dispersal and to decipher relevant push and pull factors requires the consideration of multiple environmental proxies and the...
Keywords: GQT1 GQT2 GQT3
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Vegetation and climate during the Last Glacial high stand (ca. 28–22 ka BP) of the Sea of Galilee, northern Israel doi Spatial Temporal

Despite ongoing discussions on hydroclimatic conditions in the southern Levant during the Last Glacial, detailed knowledge about the Levantine paleovegetation, which is an important indicator for the paleoclimate, is limited. To investigate the paleovegetation in northern Israel, we analyzed the pollen assemblage of a sediment core that was drilled at the Ohalo II archaeological site on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret). We refined the lithology and the age-depth model with the...
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Multiskalige Untersuchungen zur Rekonstruktion geomorphologischer Prozesse im Abri Mochena Borago (Äthiopien) und seinem Einzugsgebiet Spatial Temporal

In prehistoric times the rock shelter Mochena Borago served as a retreat for anatomically modern humans in the southwestern Ethiopian Highlands. During the last decade archaeo-logical analyses helped to gain insight into the history of settlement of the rock shelter in the last 50 ka. Element and micromorphological analyses as well as computer-supported large scale investigations for sediment sources and transport into the rock shelter itself were carried out to understand the depositional history of...
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Ex oriente lux? - Ein Diskussionsbeitrag zur Stellung der frühen Kupfermetallurgie Südosteuropas. In: M. Bartelheim/B. Horejs/R. Krauß (Hrsg.), "Von Baden bis Troia. Ressourcennutzung, Metallurgie und Wissenstransfer". Oriental and European Archaeology 3. Temporal

Keywords: chalcolithic

Multiple environmental change at the time of the Modern Human passage through the Middle East – First results from geoarchaeological investigations on Upper Pleistocene sediments in the Wadi Sabra (Jordan) doi Temporal

Upper Pleistocene sediments at Wadi Sabra (Ma’an District, Jordan) were geoarcheologically investigated from 2008–2010. The Wadi Sabra valley system, situated east of the Dead Sea Rift and south of the ancient Nabataean capital of Petra, has preserved sedimentary deposits which are connected with several Upper Paleolithic sites. First results from sedimentological and geochemical analysis supported by archeological and radiometric dating provide evidence of fluvial and fluvio-eolian sedimentation during...
Keywords: GQT3 LRQ13
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