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Found 38 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

Geomorphological Investigations of Desert Pavements and Wadi Terraces in the Eastern Desert of Egypt SFB806 doi

The mountainous Eastern Desert of Egypt is an extremely eroded environment where the conditions to encounter Pleistocene palaeoenvironmental geoarchives are very rare. Dominated by outcrops of Precambrian basement, the drainage system is characterized by relatively short wadis with small catchment areas (figure 1). The limestone hogback of Djebel Duwi is one of the exceptional regions within the Eastern Desert which provides a significant amount of quaternary deposits, mainly wadi terraces at the eastern...
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Geoarchaeological Research in the Egpytian Eastern Desert. Uniqie Cave Sediments of the Archaeological Site Sodmein Cave, Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironment in a Hyperarid Area SFB806 doi

Sodmein Cave can be interpreted as one of the rare living sites in the time frame between 120 ka and 7 ka before today in northeast Africa. Nowadays, a hyperarid climate is dominant in the area, but the excavated sequence - with more than 4 m of stratified occupation debris of mainly Middle Stone Age (MSA) deposits - indicate for the Pleistocene regional wetter conditions.Main objective of the PhD is to understand the site formation and sediment accumulation within the cave and to derive environmental...
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When the Desert Dried Up: Late Prehistoric Cultures and Contacts in Egypt and Northern Sudan

The western hinterland of Lower Nubia and Upper Egypt is desert, an area of extreme character, with little rainfall and sparse vegetation, nearly unpeopled and seemingly endless in its extension. Looking closer at that vast region, one recognizes that the desert is not that barren and simple but offers a diversified landscape and an enormous amount of archaeological traces of past human existence. Interest in prehistoric archaeology of the desert developed very slowly in Egypt and Sudan. Most of our...
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The role of cryptotephra in refining the chronology of Late Pleistocene human evolution and cultural change in North Africa doi

Sites in North Africa hold key information for dating the presence ofHomo sapiens and the distribution of Middle Stone Age (MSA), Middle Palaeolithic (MP) and Later Stone Age (LSA) cultural activity in the Late Pleistocene. Here we present new and review recently published tephrochronological evidence for five cave sites in North Africa with long MSA/MP and LSA cultural sequences. Four tephra horizons have been identified at the Haua Fteah (Cyrenaica, Libya). They include cryptotephra evidence for the...
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“Out of Africa” – Ausgrabungen in der ägyptischen Ostwüste (SFB 806: „Out of Africa“ – Excavations in the Egyptian Eastern Desert)

Die Ausbreitung des Menschen während der letzten 100.000 Jahre von Afrika nach Eurasien gilt heute als gesichert. Wissenschaftler diskutieren jedoch nach wie vor die verschiedenen möglichen Wege, die er dabei genommen haben könnte.
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Geo-archaeological research on the Late Pleistocene of the Egyptian Eastern Desert: recent threats to the Sodmein Cave

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Report on the third field season of the joint research project "Sodmein Cave" (Eastern Desert, Egypt) in spring 2012

The third field season of the joint research project “Sodmein Cave”, conducted by the German University of Cologne and the Belgian University of Leuven, took place in spring 2012 between the 10th of March and the 15th of April. The field work was carried out under the aegis of the Collaborative Research Centre 806, which was established in 2009 by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Research Funding Organisation). During the first field campaign in 2010 the archaeological excavations in Sodmein Cave could...
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Report on the field season autumn 2010 in Sodmein Cave (Eastern Desert, Egypt)

Although Sodmein Cave was discovered about 30 years ago by M. Prickett (Prickett 1979), systematic research started during the 1990’s by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project (BMEPP) of the Leuven University (e.g. Moeyersons et al. 2002, Vermeersch 1994, Van Peer et al. 1996). With this archaeological field season in 2010 the research in Sodmein Cave was resumed as a joint project of the universities Leuven and Cologne. After the resolution of some administrative problems with regard to the military...
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Genese und Persistenz von Wüstenpflastern in den Tropen und Subtropen.

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Sedimentologische Untersuchungen archäologischer Fundschichten der Sodmein Cave, Ägyptische Ostwüste.

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Boni Island - Holozäne Landschaftsdynamik und Mensch-Umwelt-Beziehung am Vierten Nil-Katarakt (Nord-Sudan) Spatial

Der Vierte Nil-Katarakt im Nord-Sudan ist im Jahr 2008 im Hamdab-Stausee untergegangen. Geowissenschaftlich und archäologisch bislang kaum erforscht, stellte er eine einzigartige landschaftliche Versuchsanordnung dar. Am Beispiel der Insel Boni, die für die vorliegende Studie vor der Flutung im Rahmen des Sonderforschungsbereichs 389 untersucht wurde, wird gezeigt, dass die tektonisch angelegte Kleinkammerung des Reliefs und die nachfolgende, periodisch und saisonal stark wechselnde fluviale und äolische...
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Feasibility studies of terrestrial laser scanning in Coastal Geomorphology, Agronomy, and Geoarchaeology

Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is a newer, active method of remote sensing for the automatic detection of 3D coordinate points. This method has been developed particularly during the last 20 years, in addition to airborne and mobile laser scanning methods. All these methods use laser light and additional angle measurements for the detection of distances and directions. Thus, several thousands to hundreds of thousands of polar coordinates per second can be measured directly by an automatic deflection of...
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