Data


Found 511 datasets

Datasets Project Group Resources

NESPOS- A digital archive and platform for Pleistocene archaeology.

The increasing amount of data and the growing importance of digital techniques in archaeology and paleoanthropology require a new form of data organization. The wiki-like data base NESPOS was set up as an international cooperation during an EU funded project and has been developing successfully during the last years. Today it offers a broad range of possibilities for researchers and is amogst others curating CT data of human fossils for the NAtural History Museum London and functions as working platform for...
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Konsum von Landschnecken im Neolithikum: Neue Daten aus dem östlichen Rif (Marokko)

Landschnecken sind reich an Aminosäuren und Proteinen und stehen in vielen Ländern des Mittelmeerraumes auf dem Speiseplan (ARRÉBOLA BURGOS ÁLVAREZ HALCÓN 2001). Der Verzehr von Schnecken gehörte offenbar schon in prähistorischer Zeit in Nordafrika, Iberien (CAMPS MOREL 1982 LUBELL et al. 1976 LUBELL 2004a, b MOREL 1974) und in der vorderasiatischen Levante (BAR 1977) zur Esskultur. In Nordafrika hinterließen Kulturen des Iberomaurusien (20,000–10,000 BP FEHRENBACH 1985 NAMI 2007) entlang der...
Keywords: LRQ13 LRQ15
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Prospection of karstic caves using GIS and remote-sensing techniques for Geoarchaeological research, NE-Morocco Spatial

Caves and rock shelters are important archives for archaeological research. Prehistoric men not only sheltered in caves but also set up camps in open-air locations. Over the last 15 years a joint research group, comprising INSAP (Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine du Maroc), KAAK (Kommission für Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen, German Archaeology Institute) and the University of Cologne, has been carrying out surveys and excavations in the area of the Eastern Rif...
Keywords: LRQ5
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Abiotic raw material supply in the Neolithic of the Eastern Rif, Morocco. A preliminary report Spatial

Since 1995 archaeological research has been undertaken in the Eastern Rif (Morocco) by a Moroccan-German research team with participation of the “Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine du Maroc” (INSAP), the “Kommission für die Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts” (KAAK), and the Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology of the University of Cologne. In the course of these studies, several hundred sites have been discovered and a number of...
Keywords: LRQ17
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Human occupation of Northwest Africa: A review of Middle Palaeolithic to Epipalaeolithic sites in Morocco doi

This paper provides a summary of all available numerical ages from contexts of the Moroccan Middle Palaeolithic to Epipalaeolithic and reviews some of the most important sites. Particular attention is paid to the so-called “Aterian”, albeit those so-labeled assemblages fail to show any geographical and chronological pattern. For this reason, this phenomenon should not be considered a distinct culture or techno-complex and is referred to hereinafter as Middle Palaeolithic of Aterian type. Whereas anatomical...
Keywords: GQT1 LRQ1
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Neolithisation process within the Alboran territory: Models and possible African impact doi Spatial

The Neolithisation of the southern Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean Maghreb, here termed “Alboran territory”, must be considered as the same integrative process. By the mid-8th millennium calBP, both sides of the Western Mediterranean were inhabited by hunter-gatherer groups which probably maintained intercontinental contacts. However, from around 7.6 ka calBP, Neolithic groups from the Eastern Mediterranean arrived in the region along the littoral of what is today Andalusia. Neolithic innovations...
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CLOSE-RANGE SENSING FOR GENERATING 3D OBJECTS IN PREHISTORIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Prehistoric archaeology is an object-oriented discipline. Archaeological objects like stone tools, bone tools or pieces of mobile art embed human behaviour. A central task of prehistoric research is to decode this information in order to reconstruct ancient human behaviour. This premise affords a defined set of tools for analysis and documentation to describe and evaluate particularly the shape of the object and its surface modifications manufactured by humans. Basis for all types of analysis is therefore a...
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Gradual aridification of the Sahara during the last 11,000 years revealed by plant wax δD analyses of Lake Yoa (Chad) Spatial

It is still an ongoing debate whether the transition of the last ‘green Sahara’ period to today’s large desert during the Holocene, the African Humid Period (AHP), was a progressive or an abrupt change in hydrological conditions. Several climate records mainly from East Africa suggest a rapid decline of moisture availability at the end of the AHP including new data from a marine sequence off the Horn of Africa (Tierney & deMenocal, 2013). Other archives including sedimentological,...
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Köppen-Geiger classifications of paleoclimate model simulations (Presentation)

The development and application of an algorithm to compute the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for CMIP/PMIP climate model data is described in this persentation. The classification algorithm is applied to data from the PMIP III paleoclimate experiments for the Last Glacial Maximum (21k yBP), Mid-Holocene (6k yBP) and the Pre-Industrial (0k yBP, control run) time slices. The input data was interpolated to infer higher resolution classification maps. The classification was implemented using Open Source...
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Mobilitätsmuster durch veränderte Subsistenzstrategien in einem 'agent-based model'

Wie läßt sich die Landschaftsnutzung von Jäger-Sammlern rekonstruieren? Ein Problem für die interdisziplinäre Arbeit ist, daß die ethnographische Forschung Belege über kurzfristige Auswirkungen von Entscheidungen liefert, Archäologen aber eher an der längerfristige Landschaftsnutzung von Jäger-Sammlern interessiert sind. Eine Lösungsmöglichkeit ist, ethnographisch informierte Handlungsstrategien mithilfe eines Simulationsmodells über einen längeren Zeitraum zu Mobilitätsmustern zusammenfassen.
Keywords: LRQ19 LRQ5
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Genese und Persistenz von Wüstenpflastern in den Tropen und Subtropen.

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Sedimentologische Untersuchungen archäologischer Fundschichten der Sodmein Cave, Ägyptische Ostwüste.

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