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Found 73 datasets

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Holocene environmental change in NE Morocco: Archaeological and Palaeobotanical evidences from Ifri Oudadane doi

The littoral site of Ifri Oudadane is one of the most important recently excavated sites in the Mediterranean Maghreb. The shelter presents Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic layers and therefore offers the possibility to investigate the Neolithic transition in the region. Besides introducing the archaeological context, this paper focuses on palaeobotanical data in order to reconstruct Holocene environmental change and human use of plant resources for the period c. 11 to 5.7 ka cal. BP. Results show intense...
Keywords: GQT2 LRQ7
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Culture-environment interaction and human mobility in the Late Quaternary: The Western Mediterranean – Bridge or barrier?

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Sima de las Palomas de Teba (Málaga). Resultados de las investigaciones 2011-2014.

La Sima de las Palomas de Teba es uno de los cuatro yacimientos prehistóricos pertenecientes al mismo complejo kárstico situado en el Tajo del Molino de Teba (Málaga), conocidos por la investigación desde finales de los años setenta del siglo pasado. Las características morfológicas de esta pequeña sima, de poco más de siete metros de profundidad, han permitido acceder a una estratigrafía paleolítica con numerosos hallazgos que demuestran ocupaciones neandertales en su interior. Las campañas...
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Cueva de Ardales. Intervenciones Arqueológicas 2011-2014.

La Cueva de Ardales es un conocido yacimiento prehistórico malagueño que fue incluido por el Consejo de Europa en el Itinerario Cultural “Caminos del Arte Rupestre”. Sus manifestaciones artísticas paleolíticas son, a todas luces, de gran importancia para entender el inicio de la cultura gráfica europea. De la misma forma, el hecho de que en su interior se depositasen numerosos restos humanos, convirtiendo la gran cueva en un lugar funerario, nos han permitido conocer, a través de la antropología de...
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Late Neanderthals at Jarama VI (Central Iberia)? doi

Previous geochronological and archaeological studies on the rock shelter Jarama VI suggested a late survival of Neanderthals in central Iberia and the presence of lithic assemblages of Early Upper Paleolithic affinity. New data on granulometry, mineralogical composition, geochemical fingerprints and micromorphology of the sequence corroborate the previous notion that the archaeological units JVI.2.1 to JVI.2.3 are slackwater deposits of superfloods, which did not experience significant post-depositional...
Keywords: LRQ15
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Sediment sequence and site formation processes at the Arbreda Cave, NE Iberian Peninsula, and implications on human occupation and climate change during the Last Glacial doi

The Arbreda Cave provides a detailed archaeological record of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic and is a key site for studying human occupation and cultural transitions in NE Iberia. Recently, studies of lake archives and archaeological sites presented new evidence on climate changes in NE Iberia correlating with Heinrich events. It, therefore, needs to be determined whether climate signals can be identified in the cave sequence of Arbreda, and if so, whether these signals can be correlated with...
Keywords: LRQ13
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GIS-basierte Distanzanalysen für die Modellierung von Einzugsgebieten prähistorischer Fundstätten SFB806 doi Spatial

Die Bewohner einer archäologischen Fundstätte müssen sich regelmäßig mit Ressourcen versorgen, dabei geht man davon aus, dass die Fläche die er dazu nutzen kann, durch seine fußläufige Mobilität begrenzt ist. Die Geschwindigkeit mit der der Mensch sich durch seine Umwelt bewegen kann, ist dabei, neben seiner physiologie, maßgeblich durch topographische Faktoren beeinflusst. Die Arbeit untersucht die Möglichkeit mit Hilfe von Berechnung der hangneigungsabhängigen Gehgeschwindigkeit Einzugsgebiete (Site...
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GIS-based catchment analysis for prehistoric sites (Poster) Spatial

One of the main objectives of the Collaborative Research Centre 806 (CRC 806) is to capture the complex nature of chronology, regional structure, climatic, environmental and socio-cultural contexts in Europe during the last 190.000 years, by interdisciplinary research. This poster presents the first results of a collaboration between projects C1 and Z2 of the CRC 806 that aims to use SCA for sites from the Solutrean and Magdalenian on the Iberian Peninsula. Contribution to the overall research of the CRC...
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NESPOS- A digital archive and platform for Pleistocene archaeology.

The increasing amount of data and the growing importance of digital techniques in archaeology and paleoanthropology require a new form of data organization. The wiki-like data base NESPOS was set up as an international cooperation during an EU funded project and has been developing successfully during the last years. Today it offers a broad range of possibilities for researchers and is amogst others curating CT data of human fossils for the NAtural History Museum London and functions as working platform for...
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CLOSE-RANGE SENSING FOR GENERATING 3D OBJECTS IN PREHISTORIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Prehistoric archaeology is an object-oriented discipline. Archaeological objects like stone tools, bone tools or pieces of mobile art embed human behaviour. A central task of prehistoric research is to decode this information in order to reconstruct ancient human behaviour. This premise affords a defined set of tools for analysis and documentation to describe and evaluate particularly the shape of the object and its surface modifications manufactured by humans. Basis for all types of analysis is therefore a...
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Feasibility studies of terrestrial laser scanning in Coastal Geomorphology, Agronomy, and Geoarchaeology

Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) is a newer, active method of remote sensing for the automatic detection of 3D coordinate points. This method has been developed particularly during the last 20 years, in addition to airborne and mobile laser scanning methods. All these methods use laser light and additional angle measurements for the detection of distances and directions. Thus, several thousands to hundreds of thousands of polar coordinates per second can be measured directly by an automatic deflection of...
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Geoarchaeological site documentation and analysis of 3D data derived by terrestrial laser scanning doi

Terrestrial laser scanning was conducted to document and analyse sites of geoarchaeological interest in Jordan, Egypt and Spain. In those cases, the terrestrial laser scanner LMS-Z420i from Riegl was used in combination with an accurate RTK-GPS for georeferencing of the point clouds. Additionally, local surveying networks were integrated by established transformations and used for indirect registration purposes. All data were integrated in a workflow that involves different software and according results....
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