Found 500 datasets

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Foragers and Farmers during the Neolithic Transition in Western Central Europe: Searching for Evidence of Mobility and Intercultural Networks

Introduction This paper discusses the interaction between foragers and farmers during the various phases of the neolithisation processes in south-western and north-western central europe. The disparate state of research on Late Mesolithic hunter-gatherer groups and early Neolithic farmers in terms of the certainty of the detailed chronology, the number of sites and the comprehensiveness of the find and feature analyses, does not permit a discussion on the basis of equally-weighted data....
Keywords: LRQ01 LRQ15 LRQ17 LRQ18 LRQ2
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Black carbon accrual during 2000 years of paddy-rice and non-paddy cropping in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Spatial

Rice straw burning has accompanied paddy management for millennia, introducing black carbon (BC) into soil as the residue of incomplete combustion. This study examined the contribution of BC to soil organic matter and the rate at which it accumulates in paddy soils as a result of prolonged paddy management. Soil depth profiles were sampled along a chronosequence of 0-2000 years of rice-wheat rotation systems and adjacent non-paddy systems (50-700 years) in the Bay of Hangzhou (Zhejiang province, China). The...
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Lateglacial to Holocene pedogenesis and formation of colluvial deposits in a loess landscape of Central Europe (Wetterau, Germany) Spatial

Loess areas in Central Europe have been settled since ancient times and are therefore predestined to archive information about both the paleoenvironment with and without human activities. In gentle rolling loess-landscapes distinct short and shallow valleys, so-called dells, are prominent landscape elements that act as sediment traps. The loess-paleosol-colluvium (LPC) sequence of Gambach (Wetterau, Germany) can be regarded as an exceptional sequence for Lateglacial-Holocene pedogenesis and human impact in...
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Impacts of surface boundary conditions on regional climate model simulations of European climate during the Last Glacial Maximum doi

We examine the influences of North Atlantic sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and vegetation on regional climate simulations over Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Simulated regional temperature and precipitation patterns over Europe are considerably improved when using revised SSTs based on proxy data. Likewise, the simulated permafrost is more accurately reproduced with the SST modifications. These improvements are partially related to the changed regional atmospheric circulation due to the...
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Neandertals or Early Modern Humans? A revised 14C chronology and geoarchaeological study of the Szeletian sequence in Szeleta Cave (Kom. Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) in Hungary

Szeleta Cave near Miskolc (Hungary) is the eponymous site for the Szeletian technological group thought to reflect the last occurrence of Neanderthals in Central Europe. Because the Szeletian lithic industry contains both Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic elements, it is usually regarded as a “transitional” industry. As such, the development of a precise age model for the Szeletian would add substantial information to a period of population replacements in Europe. This concerns the timing of...
Keywords: GQT1
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Analyzing two-dimensional effects in central loop transient electromagnetic sounding data using a semi-synthetic tipper approach doi

We present a simple and feasible approach to analyze and identify two dimensional (2D) effects in central loop transient electromagnetic (TEM) sounding data and the correspondingly derived quasi 2D conductivity models. The proposed strategy is particularly useful to minimize interpretation errors. It is based on the calculation of a semi-synthetic TEM-tipper at each sounding and for each observational transient time point. The semi-synthetic TEM-tipper is derived from the measured vertical component of the...
Keywords: GQT2

Mikromorphologische Untersuchung des spätpaläolithischen Fundplatzes Blazi Cave (Albanien) SFB806 doi

Im Verlauf dieser Arbeit werden auf eine geographische und archäologische Einordnung folgend, die zur Analyse angewandten Methoden und die daraus resultierenden Erkenntnisse dargestellt und diskutiert. Um die Ergebnisse, die unter anderem paläoklimatische Aspekte bereithalten chronologisch einzuordnen und einen Kontext mit der Paläoumwelt herzustellen werden die heutigen Klimabedingungen und mögliche Ausprägungen der Paläoumwelt des Untersuchungsgebietes vorgestellt (Kapitel 4) und mit verschiedenen...
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Poster 2017 - Mesolithic pits in Germany

Poster presented at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Mesolithic Research Group of Germany in Wuppertal, 10th-12th March 2017
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Palaeoclimate Reconstruction in the Levant and on the Balkans Spatial

For an understanding of the climate system’s variability, knowledge of the past climate is essential. Continuous observations are not available for longer than the last 100 years, a period that is insufficient to understand the variability and sensitivity of the climate system. Since information of both is necessary to build good climate models, the reconstruction of the past climate is fundamental. With palaeoclimate reconstructions it is possible to get information about the past climate and the climate...
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Gravettian Hunter-Gatherer Mobility in the Basque Region, V 1.2

Das Gravettien als eine prähistorische europäische Kultur des Jungpaläolithikums wird für den Nordosten Spaniens für einen relativ langen Zeitraum verortet - etwa 30.000 und 22.000 BP. Trotz der vielversprechenden Forschungsarbeiten der letzten Jahre, die sich mit dieser historischen Phase beschäftigt haben und unser Wissen hier deutlich erweitert haben, bleibt die Datenlage höchst fragmentiert. Dabei stellt uns die menschliche Besiedlung der Region für diesen Zeitrahmen stellvertretend für ganz Europa vor...

Luminescence dating results (unpublished data) project F2 and A3

Luminescence age estimates and additional information about equivalent dose estimation and dosimetry. Post infrared infrared stimulated luminescence dating applied to polymineral fine grains from lake sediments.
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Luminescence dating results (unpublished data) project F2 and B2

Luminescence age estimates and additional information about equivalent dose estimation and dosimetry. Post infrared infrared stimulated luminescence dating applied to polymineral fine grains from lake sediments.
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