Found 55 datasets

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Late Quaternary ecosystem and climate interactions in SW Balkans inferred from Lake Prespa sediments Spatial

The transboundary Lake Prespa and its watershed enclose a remarkable biodiversity that is protected by several national and international treaties. Situated at 849 m a.s.l., the area is characterized by a transitional climate and the closed nature of the basin controls Lake Prespa’s modern hydrology. An 18 m-long sediment sequence was retrieved from a distal location, away from stream inflow, where preliminary hydroacoustic investigations suggested undisturbed sedimentation. Consequently, the sediments were...
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A Late Glacial to Holocene record of environmental and human variability derived from a sediment record from Lake Dojran (Macedonia, Greece) doi Spatial

A Late Glacial to Holocene sediment sequence (Co1260, 717 cm) from Lake Dojran, located at the boarder of the F.Y.R. of Macedonia and Greece, has been investigated to provide information on climate variability in the Balkan region. A robust age-model was established from 13 radiocarbon ages, and indicates that the base of the sequence was deposited at ca. 12 500 cal yr BP, when the lake-level was low. Variations in sedimentological (TOC, CaCO3, TC, N, S, grain-size, XRF, δ18Ocarb, δ13Ccarb, δ13Corg) data...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ7
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Climatic and environmental evolution of Lake Iznik (NW Turkey) over the last ~4700 years doi Spatial

Magnetic susceptibility, geochemistry, mineralogy and palynology of sediments from Lake Iznik in Northwestern Anatolia, Turkey, provide a 4700 year record of climatic trends and events. The measured proxies allow a reconstruction of variations in humid/dry periods and lake level changes. The Lake Iznik sedimentary sequence points to an oscillating trend of humid periods interrupted by rapid climate change (RCC) to arid periods. Especially abrupt lithologic and geochemical changes at 4.2 and 3.3 ka calBP may...
Keywords: GQT2 GQT3 LRQ13 LRQ7
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Optical dating of sediments in Wadi Sabra (SW Jordan) doi Spatial

At Wadi Sabra (SW Jordan) human occupation dates back to the Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic. Although there is stratigraphic correlation based on archaeological finds of Ahmarian origin, numerical age estimates are lacking. We applied single-aliquot optical dating of coarse grained quartz of wadi deposits and investigated the luminescence properties in detail to achieve more accurate age information about the time of human occupation. Weak luminescence signals and scattered dose distributions characterise...
Keywords: GQT1 LRQ1
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First chronometric dates (TL and OSL) for the Aurignacian open-air site of Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa I, Romania doi Spatial

Currently, absolute dates for the emergence of the Early Upper Paleolithic and the timing of the earliest dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) into Europe are sparse. This is especially true for regions adjoining the Eastern Mediterranean and Central Europe with its dense clusters of sites along the Austrian and German Danube Valley. This article makes a first step toward filling this gap and, for the first time, presents absolute ages for the open-air site of Româneşti-Dumbrăviţa I (Banat, SW...
Keywords: LRQ1
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Konsum von Landschnecken im Neolithikum: Neue Daten aus dem östlichen Rif (Marokko)

Landschnecken sind reich an Aminosäuren und Proteinen und stehen in vielen Ländern des Mittelmeerraumes auf dem Speiseplan (ARRÉBOLA BURGOS ÁLVAREZ HALCÓN 2001). Der Verzehr von Schnecken gehörte offenbar schon in prähistorischer Zeit in Nordafrika, Iberien (CAMPS MOREL 1982 LUBELL et al. 1976 LUBELL 2004a, b MOREL 1974) und in der vorderasiatischen Levante (BAR 1977) zur Esskultur. In Nordafrika hinterließen Kulturen des Iberomaurusien (20,000–10,000 BP FEHRENBACH 1985 NAMI 2007) entlang der...
Keywords: LRQ13 LRQ15
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Abiotic raw material supply in the Neolithic of the Eastern Rif, Morocco. A preliminary report Spatial

Since 1995 archaeological research has been undertaken in the Eastern Rif (Morocco) by a Moroccan-German research team with participation of the “Institut National des Sciences de l’Archéologie et du Patrimoine du Maroc” (INSAP), the “Kommission für die Archäologie Außereuropäischer Kulturen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts” (KAAK), and the Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology of the University of Cologne. In the course of these studies, several hundred sites have been discovered and a number of...
Keywords: LRQ17
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Human occupation of Northwest Africa: A review of Middle Palaeolithic to Epipalaeolithic sites in Morocco doi

This paper provides a summary of all available numerical ages from contexts of the Moroccan Middle Palaeolithic to Epipalaeolithic and reviews some of the most important sites. Particular attention is paid to the so-called “Aterian”, albeit those so-labeled assemblages fail to show any geographical and chronological pattern. For this reason, this phenomenon should not be considered a distinct culture or techno-complex and is referred to hereinafter as Middle Palaeolithic of Aterian type. Whereas anatomical...
Keywords: GQT1 LRQ1
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Mobilitätsmuster durch veränderte Subsistenzstrategien in einem 'agent-based model'

Wie läßt sich die Landschaftsnutzung von Jäger-Sammlern rekonstruieren? Ein Problem für die interdisziplinäre Arbeit ist, daß die ethnographische Forschung Belege über kurzfristige Auswirkungen von Entscheidungen liefert, Archäologen aber eher an der längerfristige Landschaftsnutzung von Jäger-Sammlern interessiert sind. Eine Lösungsmöglichkeit ist, ethnographisch informierte Handlungsstrategien mithilfe eines Simulationsmodells über einen längeren Zeitraum zu Mobilitätsmustern zusammenfassen.
Keywords: LRQ19 LRQ5
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Geoarchaeological site documentation and analysis of 3D data derived by terrestrial laser scanning doi

Terrestrial laser scanning was conducted to document and analyse sites of geoarchaeological interest in Jordan, Egypt and Spain. In those cases, the terrestrial laser scanner LMS-Z420i from Riegl was used in combination with an accurate RTK-GPS for georeferencing of the point clouds. Additionally, local surveying networks were integrated by established transformations and used for indirect registration purposes. All data were integrated in a workflow that involves different software and according results....
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Early MIS 3 occupation of Mochena Borago Rockshelter, Southwest Ethiopian Highlands: Implications for Late Pleistocene archaeology, paleoenvironments and modern human dispersals doi Spatial

Between 70 and 50 ka BP, anatomically modern humans dispersed across and out of Africa to eventually populate all inhabitable continents. Knowledge of paleoenvironments and human behavioral patterns in Africa prior to and during these dispersals is crucial for understanding how and why hunter-gatherers were able to adapt rapidly to the new environments they encountered. However, few well-dated sites from this time period are known from the Horn of Africa, one of the purported staging areas for population...
Keywords: LRQ1 LRQ13 LRQ17 LRQ2
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Holocene climate variability in the Levant from the Dead Sea pollen record doi Spatial Temporal

The Dead Sea, located at the deepest place on continent and between the subtropical Mediterranean zone and the desert, reflects in its water composition and levels, and sedimentary records the hydrological conditions in the southern Levant region. Temporal variations in rainfall and temperatures of the Holocene Levant are reconstructed here from pollen data recovered from a sediment core drilled at the Ein Gedi shore, applying a novel biome model based on Bayesian statistics. Our results suggest that the...
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