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Found 28 datasets

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5053-4A - Image Section 1-2 Spatial

Sediment core: 5053-4A Segment: 1 Section: 2 Proxy: HiRes Line Scan Image
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Late Quaternary ecosystem and climate interactions in SW Balkans inferred from Lake Prespa sediments Spatial

The transboundary Lake Prespa and its watershed enclose a remarkable biodiversity that is protected by several national and international treaties. Situated at 849 m a.s.l., the area is characterized by a transitional climate and the closed nature of the basin controls Lake Prespa’s modern hydrology. An 18 m-long sediment sequence was retrieved from a distal location, away from stream inflow, where preliminary hydroacoustic investigations suggested undisturbed sedimentation. Consequently, the sediments were...
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North-south palaeohydrological contrasts in the central Mediterranean during the Holocene: tentative synthesis and working hypotheses doi Spatial

On the basis of a multi-proxy approach and a strategy combining lacustrine and marine records along a north–south transect, data collected in the central Mediterranean within the framework of a collaborative project have led to reconstruction of high-resolution and well-dated palaeohydrological records and to assessment of their spatial and temporal coherency. Contrasting patterns of palaeohydrological changes have been evidenced in the central Mediterranean south (north) of around 40° N of latitude, the...
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Die Klima– und Umweltgeschichte des Balkans während des letzten Glazials und des Holozäns, rekonstruiert anhand von Seesedimenten des Prespasees (Mazedonien/Albanien/Griechenland) Spatial

Lake Prespa is one of the three largest lakes on the Balkan Peninsula and is, with a supposed age of more than three million years, one of the oldest lakes in Europe. The sediments of Lake Prespa constitute an invaluable climate archive for the Balkan region, which was sparsely inves-tigated. The focus of this study in the CRC 806 –Our way to Europe– is to reconstruct the cli-matic and environmental history of the Balkan region during the Late Glacial and Holocene on a high resolution. For this purpose, a...
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Aquatic community response in a groundwater-fed desert lake to Holocene desiccation of the Sahara doi Spatial

The finely laminated sediment record of a permanent, hypersaline, desert oasis lake in the Ounianga region of northeastern Chad presents a unique opportunity to document the hydrological evolution of this groundwater-fed aquatic ecosystem during mid- and late-Holocene desiccation of the Sahara. In this study we reconstruct long-term changes in zoobenthos and zooplankton communities of Lake Yoa as their early-Holocene freshwater habitat changed into the hypersaline conditions prevailing today. Chironomid...
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Response to Comment by Brovkin and Claussen on “Climate-Driven Ecosystem Succession in the Sahara: The Past 6000 Years” doi

The Lake Yoa record and archaeological data provide adequate evidence that mid-Holocene aridification did not occur abruptly across all of North Africa. Modeling results on the issue of abrupt versus gradual desiccation of the Sahara are sufficiently diverse that paleoecological data from a continuous natural archive can usefully guide the evaluation of model parameters responsible for this diversity.
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Sedimentation changes in a complete Holocene lacustrine record in the Sahara: Varve thickness, seasonality and event layers – Problems of identification, interpretation and chronology. Spatial

Lake Yoa (19.03°N, 20.31°E, 380 m a.s.l.) is a groundwater-fed lake in the hyperarid eastern Sahara halfway between the Tibesti Mountains and the Ennedi plateau. Kröpelin et al. (2008) revealed that the bottom sediments contain a unique archive of climatic and environmental change in the Earth´s major desert. The 7.5 m sediment record of OUNIK03/04 which covers 6,100 years has been extended to a maximum drill depth of 15.7 m during a 2010 coring campaign within the framework of the Collaborative...
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Seen in der Sahara doi

Große Wasserflächen inmitten der Wüste sind nicht nur ein Naturspektakel, sondern auch ein hochpräzises Umweltarchiv. Die aus ihnen gewonnenen Sedimente dokumentieren die Klimaentwicklung und geben Aufschluss über Staubstürme, Savannenbrände und Vulkanausbrüche. Eine Reise in den Nordosten des Tschad. Von Stefan Kröpelin
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Lakes in the Sahara doi

Large bodies of water in the middle of the desert are not only a natural spectacle, they also contain extremely precise environmental archives. Sediments extracted from these lakes document climate evolution and provide information on dust storms, savannah fires and volcanic eruptions. A journey to north-east Chad By Stefan Kröpelin
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Varved sediments of Lake Yoa (Ounianga Kebir, Chad) reveal progressive drying of the Sahara during the last 6100 years doi Spatial

The sedimentological and geochemical properties of a 7.47 m long laminated sequence from hypersaline Lake Yoa in northern Chad have been investigated, representing a unique, continuous 6100 year long continental record of climate and environmental change in the eastern Central Sahara. These data were used to reconstruct the Mid to Late Holocene history of this currently hyper-arid region, in order to address the question of whether the Mid Holocene environmental transition from a humid to a dry Sahara was...
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Climatic change recorded in the sediments of the Chew Bahir basin, southern Ethiopia, during the last 45,000 years Spatial

East African paleoenvironments are highly variable, marked by extreme fluctuations in moisture availability, which has far-reaching implications for the origin, evolution and dispersal of Homo sapiens in and beyond the region. This paper presents results from a pilot core from the Chew Bahir basin in southern Ethiopia that records the climatic history of the past 45 ka, with emphasis on the African Humid Period (AHP, w15e5 ka calBP). Geochemical, physical and biological indicators show that Chew Bahir...
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Distinct lake level lowstand in Lake Prespa (SE Europe) at the time of the 74 (75) ka Toba eruption doi Spatial

The 74 (75) ka Toba eruption in Sumatra, Indonesia, is considered to be one of the largest volcanic events during the Quaternary. Tephra from the Toba eruption has been found in many terrestrial and marine sedimentary deposits, and acidity peaks related to the eruption have been used to synchronize ice core records from Greenland and Antarctica. Seismic profiles and sedimentological data from Lake Prespa on the Balkan Peninsula, SE Europe, indicate a lake level lowstand at 73.6 7.7 ka based on ESR dating...
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