Data


Adaptive cycles in the Savannah. Pastoral specialization and diversification in northern Kenya

Abstract

Comparative evidence from Eastern Africa suggests the emergence of a highly specialized mobile pastoral livelihood came about in the early- to mid-nineteenth century. Developments in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have seen a distinct turn away from this model of pastoral specialization, towards a more mixed and spatially varied set of livelihood strategies. Low intensity warfare, environmental degradation, rapid population increase, and a shift away from cattle pastoralism and towards goat and camel herding are all evident in the current transition of Pokot livelihoods. Lifestyles have become more sedentary and diversified, while agricultural activities have rapidly spread, with the increased marketing of livestock and other commodities. This article traces the history of these changes among the pastoral Pokot of north-western Kenya (today's Baringo County), using the notions of the adaptive cycle and resilience as key explanatory tools in seeking to understand the patterns and drivers of change over time.

Bibliography

2016: Adaptive cycles in the Savannah. Pastoral specialization and diversification in northern Kenya. In: Journal of Eastern African Studies 10,1 (Special Issue): 21-44. DOI: 10.1080/17531055.2016.1141568.

Authors Bollig, Michael
Type article
Title Adaptive cycles in the Savannah. Pastoral specialization and diversification in northern Kenya
Citation 2016: Adaptive cycles in the Savannah. Pastoral specialization and diversification in northern Kenya. In: Journal of Eastern African Studies 10,1 (Special Issue): 21-44. DOI: 10.1080/17531055.2016.1141568.
DOI 10.1080/17531055.2016.1141568
Journal Journal of Eastern African Studies
Year 2018
Volume 10
Number 1
Pages 21-44
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