After the cold: Epigravettian hunter-gatherers in Blazi Cave (Albania)


This paper presents the latest results of archaeological research in Epigravettian deposits of Blazi Cave in north-central Albania. This Epigravettian site is the first of its kind in Albania with a large sample of stone artifacts, faunal remains and dating material. The study material stems from the last remaining Late Pleistocene deposits in this cave and therefore characterizes the site in its totality. AMS 14C dates place the cultural layers between 18 and 17 ka cal. BP. This age model coupled with the density of anthropogenic remains attests an intensive use of the shelter by hunter-gatherers in the final phase of the Last Glacial Maximum. The radiocarbon results place the Blazi data into the early phase of the Late Adriatic Epigravettian complex. This chronology is corroborated by certain technological and typological traits identified within the stone tool sample. Analysis of the faunal remains suggests a repeated use of the shelter in the warmer summer period. Blazi Cave functioned as a specialized ibex hunting site and therefore fits into a larger complex of task localities in the wider region.



Hauck, T., Nolde, N., Ruka, R., Gjipali, I., Dreier, J., Mayer, N. (2017): After the cold: Epigravettian hunter-gatherers in Blazi Cave (Albania). – In: Quaternary International, DOI:

Authors Hauck, Thomas and Nolde, Nadine and Ruka, Rudenc and Gjipali, Ilir and Dreier, Johanna and Mayer, Nathalie
Type article
Title After the cold: Epigravettian hunter-gatherers in Blazi Cave (Albania)
Journal Quaternary International
Year 2017
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