{"name":"antler-headdresses-implications-from-a-manyfaceted-study-of-an-earliest-mesolithic-pheno1631012867","title":"Antler Headdresses. Implications from a many-faceted study of an earliest Mesolithic phenomenon Hirschgeweihkappen. Eine vielschichtige Studie eines Ph\u00e4nomens des \u00e4ltesten Mesolithikums und ihre Auswirkungen","maintainer":"Birgit Gehlen","maintainer_email":"bgehlen.archgraph@gmx.de","notes":"So-called \u2018antler headdresses\u2019 - red deer (Cervus elaphus) skulls with antlers specifically modified by humans - were identified early as a typical phenomenon of Early Mesolithic sites in the northern European Lowlands. In addition to clearly processed pieces with artificial perforations, longitudinally split antlers and heavy processing of their surfaces, there are also pieces that have only one type of these modifications and others in which human processing is hardly demonstrable.\r\nAlthough comprehensive studies of these \u2018headdresses\u2019 have not until now been carried out, the various artefacts are often discussed functionally and interpreted prematurely. In recent years, the discovery of new finds at several sites has again intensified discussion of the typology, function and meaning of these artefacts. To provide a solid base for future discourses, we here present a synthetic study of the available material.\r\nA comparative analysis of the morphometric, zooarchaeological and technological features of individual specimens shows that certain characteristics often appear in combination. We propose to reserve the term deer antler \u2018headdress\u2019 to a subcategory of specimens which we suggest might indeed have best functioned as headgear. Since several of the deer skull artefacts do not show all the human modifications included in our definition, we adopt a polythetic classification of the term \u2018headdress\u2019.\r\nUnder this definition we identify a total of seven \u2018headdresses\u2019 among those frontlets which could be examined, and note further probable specimens among published material unseen by us.\r\nIn contrast to the conclusions of some other studies, new direct radiometric dates for the antler headdresses from Berlin-Biesdorf and Hohen Viecheln, together with recent chronological data for Star Carr and Bedburg-K\u00f6nigshoven suggest to us that \u2018antler headdresses\u2019 represent a phenomenon specific for the earliest Mesolithic of the North European Lowlands.\r\nMoreover, the presence of at least two or more of these artefacts at the better investigated sites suggests an important role for them in the rarely discernible social rituals of earliest Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, potentially as an aid to consolidating group/territorial identity.","type":"literature","resources":[{"description":"","format":"PDF","url":"http://data/sfb806db/D/D4/Quartaer_2020_67_early%20view_Wild_et_al.pdf","created":"2021-09-07T13:11:01.259163","state":"active","package_id":"5331d1e6-bf74-419c-bd38-89c6b078f191","last_modified":"2021-10-25T06:10:42","id":"df51d1d5-93d5-437c-886c-5b92d17fce48","name":"Quartaer_2020_67_early view_Wild_et_al.pdf"}],"tags":[{"name":"Bedburg-K\u00f6nigshoven"},{"name":"Lower Rhine Embayment"},{"name":"Mesolithic Europe"},{"name":"ams-dates"},{"name":"bone and antler artefacts"},{"name":"early mesolithic"},{"name":"initial mesolithic"}],"extras":[{"key":"bibtex:address","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:author","value":"Wild, Markus and Gehlen, Birgit and Street, Martin"},{"key":"bibtex:booktitle","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:citation","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:doi","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:editor","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:howpublished","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:isbn","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:journal","value":"Quart\u00e4r"},{"key":"bibtex:month","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:number","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:organization","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:pages","value":"1-19"},{"key":"bibtex:publisher","value":"Dr. Faustus"},{"key":"bibtex:school","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:series","value":null},{"key":"bibtex:type","value":"article"},{"key":"bibtex:key","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:url","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:volume","value":"67 / 2020"},{"key":"bibtex:year","value":"2021"}],"groups":[{"image_url":"http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/fileadmin/template/images/projects/imageD4.png","name":"d4"}],"author":"","author_email":false}{"help":"Update a dataset (package).\n\n You must be authorized to edit the dataset and the groups that it belongs\n to.\n\n Plugins may change the parameters of this function depending on the value\n of the dataset's ``type`` attribute, see the ``IDatasetForm`` plugin\n interface.\n\n For further parameters see ``package_create()``.\n\n :param id: the name or id of the dataset to update\n :type id: string\n\n :returns: the updated dataset (if 'return_package_dict' is True in the\n context, which is the default. Otherwise returns just the\n dataset id)\n :rtype: dictionary\n\n ","success":false,"error":{"message":"Unable to add package to search index: Solr returned an error: 500 Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock org.apache.lucene.store.LockObtainFailedException: Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock \tat org.apache.lucene.store.Lock.obtain(Lock.java:85) \tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.init(IndexWriter.java:1562) \tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.(IndexWriter.java:1418) \tat org.apache.solr.update.SolrIndexWriter.(SolrIndexWriter.java:191) \tat org.apache.solr.update.UpdateHandler.createMainIndexWriter(UpdateHandler.java:98) \tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.openWriter(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:173) \tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.addDoc(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:220) \tat org.apache.solr.update.processor.RunUpdateProcessor.processAdd(RunUpdateProcessorFactory.java:61) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.XMLLoader.processUpdate(XMLLoader.java:139) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.XMLLoader.load(XMLLoader.java:69) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.ContentStreamHandlerBase.handleRequestBody(ContentStreamHandlerBase.java:54) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.RequestHandlerBase.handleRequest(RequestHandlerBase.java:131) \tat org.apache.solr.core.SolrCore.execute(SolrCore.java:1317) \tat org.apache.solr.servlet.SolrDispatchFilter.execute(SolrDispatchFilter.java:338) \tat org.apache.solr.servlet.SolrDispatchFilter.doFilter(SolrDispatchFilter.java:241) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1157) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler.handle(ServletHandler.java:388) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.security.SecurityHandler.handle(SecurityHandler.java:216) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.SessionHandler.handle(SessionHandler.java:182) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandler.handle(ContextHandler.java:766) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.handle(WebAppContext.java:418) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandlerCollection.handle(ContextHandlerCollection.java:230) \tat or - \n\n\nError 500 Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock\n\norg.apache.lucene.store.LockObtainFailedException: Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock\n\tat org.apache.lucene.store.Lock.obtain(Lock.java:85)\n\tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.init(IndexWriter.java:1562)\n\tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.<init>(IndexWriter.java:1418)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.SolrIndexWriter.<init>(SolrIndexWriter.java:191)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.UpdateHandler.createMainIndexWriter(UpdateHandler.java:98)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.openWriter(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:173)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.addDoc(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:220)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.processor.RunUpdateProcessor.processAdd(RunUpdateP","__type":"Search Index Error"}}