Data


Distribution Maps of Early Neolithic in Central Europe and in Rhineland

Abstract

The distribution of early Neolithic Bandkeramik sites is represented in two scales (central Europe and Rhineland) by detailed point distribution patterns and generalized polygons of high density areas. Location of sites is derived by digitizing published maps.
Data: for central Europe from PREUSS (ed.) 1998 Map 1;
for Rhineland from RICHTER / CLA├čEN 1997
The method to delimit high density areas in a standardized way follows a protocol with six steps (see below point 4). This combination of methods is published e. g. by Hilpert et al. 2008 and Zimmermann et al. 2009. More details in Zimmermann et al. 2004.
Scientific questions: These maps were used to estimate population densities for different periods of time (most recent reference Wendt et al. 2010). In case of the early Neolithic the optimal isoline is chosen by the 4km radius of the LEC for the scale level Rhineland; for central Europe the optimal isoline is chosen by the 3.5 km radius of the LEC.
Web publication:
1. Shape files of point distribution patterns for central Europe in two projections. Access to high precision coordinates at a scale such as Rhineland allowing localisation of archaeological sites in the terrain is limited due to protection reason.
2. Shape files of polygons of high site densities for Rhineland and central Europe in two projections each.
3. Spreadsheet to document selection of optimal isoline delimiting high density areas for Rhineland and central Europe.

Collecting data and creating GIS datasets was conducted within the Rhine-LUCIFS-Project funded by German Research Foundation from 2002 until 2017 (http://ufg.phil-fak.uni-koeln.de/36039.html). LUCIFS is part of the PAGES framework.
LUCIFS = Land Use and Climate Impact on Fluvial Systems during the period of agriculture
PAGES = Past Global Changes