Archaeological findings, numerical human dispersal models and genome analyses suggest several time windows in the past 200 kyr (thousands of years ago) when anatomically modern humans (AMH) dispersed out of Africa into the Levant and/or Arabia. From close to the key hominin site of Omo-Kibish, we provide near continuous proxy evidence for environmental changes in lake sediment cores from the Chew Bahir basin, south Ethiopia. The data show highly variable hydroclimate conditions from 116 to 66 kyr BP with rapid shifts from very wet to extreme aridity. The wet phases coincide with the timing of the North African Humid Periods during MIS5, as defined by Nile discharge records from the eastern Mediterranean. The subsequent record at Chew Bahir suggests stable regional hydrological setting between 58 and 32 kyr (MIS4 and 3), which facilitated the development of more habitable ecosystems, albeit in generally dry climatic conditions. This shift, from more to less variable hydroclimate, may help account for the timing of later dispersal events of AMH out of Africa.
Viehberg, F., Just, J., Dean, J., Wagner, B., Franz, S., Klasen, N., Kleinen, T., Ludwig, P., Asrat, A., Lamb, H., Leng, M., Rethemeyer, J., Milodowski, M., Claussen, M., Schäbitz, F. (2018): Environmental change during MIS4 and MIS 3 opened corridors in the Horn of Africa for Homo sapiens expansion. Quaternary Science Reviews. – In: Quaternary Science Reviews, DOI: DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.09.008
|Authors||Viehberg, Finn and Just, Janna and Dean, Jonathan and Wagner, Bernd and Franz, Sven Oliver and Klasen, Nicole and Kleinen, Thomas and Ludwig, Patrick and Asrat, Asfawossen and Lamb, Henry F and Leng, Melanie and Rethemeyer, Janet and Milodowski, M and Claussen, Martin and Schäbitz, Frank|
|Title||Environmental change during MIS4 and MIS 3 opened corridors in the Horn of Africa for Homo sapiens expansion. Quaternary Science Reviews|
|Journal||Quaternary Science Reviews|