Reconstructions of climatic and environmental conditions can contribute to current debates about the factors that influenced early human dispersal within and beyond Africa. Here we analyse a 200,000-year multi-proxy paleoclimate record from Chew Bahir, a tectonic lake basin in the southern Ethiopian rift. Our record reveals two modes of climate change, both associated temporally and regionally with a specific type of human behaviour. The first is a long-term trend towards greater aridity between 200,000 and 60,000 years ago, modulated by precession-driven wet-dry cycles. Here, more favourable wetter environmental conditions may have facilitated long-range human expansion into new territory, while less favourable dry periods may have led to spatial constriction and isolation of local human populations. The second mode of climate change observed since 60,000 years ago mimics millennial to centennial-scale Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles and Heinrich events. We hypothesize that human populations may have responded to these shorter climate fluctuations with local dispersal between montane and lowland habitats.
CHB 200ka Data paper FS_2021.xls Accessed 16 times | Last updated 09.05.2021
Schaebitz, F., Asrat, A., Lamb, H., Cohen, A., Foerster, V., Duesing, W., Kaboth-Bahr, S., Opitz, S., Viehberg, F., Vogelsang, R., Dean, J., Leng, M., Junginger, A., Ramsey, C., Chapot, M., Deino, A., Lane, C., Roberts, H., Vidal, C., Tiedemann, R., Trauth, M. (2021): Hydroclimate changes in eastern Africa over the past 200,000 years may have influenced early human dispersal. CRC806-Database, DOI: 10.5880/SFB806.66
|Authors||Schaebitz, F. and Asrat, A. and Lamb, H. F. and Cohen, A. S. and Foerster, V. and Duesing, W. and Kaboth-Bahr, S. and Opitz, S. and Viehberg, F. A. and Vogelsang, R. and Dean, J. and Leng, M. J. and Junginger, A. and Ramsey, C. B. and Chapot, M. S. and Deino, A. and Lane, C. S. and Roberts, H. M. and Vidal, C. and Tiedemann, R. and Trauth, M. H.|
|Title||Hydroclimate changes in eastern Africa over the past 200,000 years may have influenced early human dispersal|