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Los orígenes del Solutrense y la ocupación pleniglaciar del interior de la Península Ibérica: implicaciones del nivel 3 de Peña Capón (valle del Sorbe, Guadalajara)

Abstract

The Peña Capón rockshelter contains an archaeological deposit known since 1970 that was the object of a preliminary study in the late 1990’s. In this paper we present a revision of the archaeological material from level 3 that includes the technological and typological study of the lithics and bone tools, the zooarchaeological and taphonomic analysis of the faunal remains, the record of engravings on bones, and the radiocarbon dating of several bone samples. The data obtained has allowed us to relate the level 3 to the Protosolutrean industries with Vale Comprido points defined in the Portuguese Estremadura, a matter that constitutes an important breakthrough within the Meseta area, where little is known about the Upper Palaeolithic prior to the Middle Solutrean. The results are consistent with the definition of the Protosolutrean as a transitional industry between the Gravettian and the Solutrean. Furthermore, the verification of a human settlement in the foothills of the Central System range during the Upper Pleniglacial (MIS 2) strongly points to the abandonment of the classic hypothesis that posit a depopulation of inner Iberia during the coldest stages of the last glacial cycle

Bibliography

Alcaraz-Castano, M., Alcolea, J., Balbín, R., García Valero, M., Yravedra, J., Baena, J. (2013): Los orígenes del Solutrense y la ocupación pleniglaciar del interior de la Península Ibérica: implicaciones del nivel 3 de Peña Capón (valle del Sorbe, Guadalajara). – In: Trabajos de Prehistoria , Vol. 70(1), p: 28-53, DOI: 10.3989/tp.2013.12101

Authors Alcaraz-Castano, M. and Alcolea, J. and Balbín, R. de and García Valero, M.A. and Yravedra, J. and Baena, J.
Type article
Title Los orígenes del Solutrense y la ocupación pleniglaciar del interior de la Península Ibérica: implicaciones del nivel 3 de Peña Capón (valle del Sorbe, Guadalajara)
URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256589874_Los_origenes_del_Solutrense_y_la_ocupacion_pleniglaciar_del_interior_de_la_Peninsula_Iberica_implicaciones_del_nivel_3_de_Pena_Capon_valle_del_Sorbe_Guadalajara
DOI 10.3989/tp.2013.12101
Journal Trabajos de Prehistoria
Year 2013
Volume 70
Number 1
Pages 28-53
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