{"name":"mittelsteinzeitliche-fundkomplexes-des-9-jahrtausends-im-regierungsbezirk-trier-rheinlan1481720861","title":"Mittelsteinzeitliche Fundkomplexe des 9. Jahrtausends im Bezirk Trier (Rheinland-Pfalz): Chronologischer Kontext, Rohstoffversorgung und Aktivt\u00e4tsr\u00e4ume","maintainer":"Birgit Gehlen","maintainer_email":"bgehlen.archgraph@gmx.de","notes":"Zusammenfassung \u2012 Beruhend auf den Arbeiten von I. Koch und H. L\u00f6hr wurde im Rahmen des Projektes D4 des Sonderforschungsbereiches 806 \u201eOur Way to Europe\u201c an der Universit\u00e4t zu K\u00f6ln die Erfassung und Auswertung der mesolithischen Fundstellen im Bezirk Trier fortgesetzt. Wichtige Ergebnisse dieser Arbeiten werden hier am Beispiel der Siedlungspl\u00e4tze aus dem fr\u00fchen Boreal zusammenfassend dargestellt. Ausgangspunkt dieser Abhandlung ist der Fundplatz \u201eH\u00fcttingen an der Kyll\u201c, der k\u00fcrzlich auf etwa 8400 Jahren calBC datiert wurde und der damit der erste radiometrisch datierte mittelsteinzeitliche Fundplatz der Region ist. Weitere neun Fundkomplexe des \u00e4lteren Mittelmesolithikums konnten durch die typochronologische Analyse der Mikrolithen in ihrer zeitlichen Position bestimmt werden. Dazu wurde eine Kontingenztabelle mit einer vereinfachten Variante der Kanonischen Korrespondenzanalyse geordnet, die sich an der 14C-Datierung fr\u00fch- und mittelmesolithischer Mikrolithinventare aus Deutschland und den BeNeLux-L\u00e4ndern orientiert. Im Ergebnis k\u00f6nnen diese Komplexe in zwei chronologische Gruppen eingeteilt werden. Sowohl die typologisch ansprechbaren Mikrolithen als auch die Rohstoffversorgung im Bezirk Trier weisen deutliche Bez\u00fcge zum fr\u00fchborealen Mesolithikum der westlich und n\u00f6rdlich angrenzenden Gebiete auf, w\u00e4hrend die Verkn\u00fcpfung mit dem s\u00fcdwestdeutschen Beuronien B verh\u00e4ltnism\u00e4\u00dfig schwach zu erkennen ist. Anhand der Silexrohmaterialien der Mikrolithen k\u00f6nnen in gewissem Umfang Richtung und Reihenfolge r\u00e4umlicher Aktivit\u00e4tsverlagerungen der mesolithischen Menschen rekonstruiert werden. Die auf dieser Basis beschriebenen Aktivit\u00e4tsr\u00e4ume umfassen sowohl den Bereich der vermutlichen Schweifgebiete als auch dar\u00fcber hinausgehende Kommunikationsnetzwerke. Die vorliegende Untersuchung zeigt w\u00e4hrend des fr\u00fchen 9. Jahrtausends f\u00fcr den Bezirk Trier einen weitaus gr\u00f6\u00dferen Akttivit\u00e4tsraum als f\u00fcr die benachbarten Regionen der Nordeifel, des s\u00fcdlichen Niederrheins und des Bergischen Landes.\r\n\r\nSchl\u00fcsselw\u00f6rter \u2012 Arch\u00e4ologie; Fr\u00fches Boreal; \u00e4lteres Mittelmesolithikum; Deutschland; Trierer Land; Eifel; AMS-Datierung; botanische Untersuchungen; Typochronologie; Silexrohmaterial; Mobilit\u00e4t; Aktivit\u00e4tsr\u00e4ume\r\n\r\nTitle \u2013 Mesolithic assemblages from the 9th millenium in the District of Trier (Rhineland-Palatinate): Chronological framework, lithic raw material procurement and areas of activity\r\n\r\nSummary \u2013 Based on I. Koch\u2019s and H. L\u00f6hr\u2019s works, the documentation and evaluation of Mesolithic sites in the district of Trier was continued as part of project D4 of the Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 806 \u201cOur Way to Europe\u201d at the University of Cologne. This paper presents a summary of important results of these investigations from early Boreal sites starting with an analysis of the site \u201cH\u00fcttingen an der Kyll\u201d which could be AMS dated to approximately 8400 calBC, representing the first radiocarbon dating of a Mesolithic site in this region. Moreover, the chronological setting of nine Middle Mesolithic site complexes could be defined by means of typochronological analyses of their microliths. Therefore a contingency table was organised by a simplified canonical correspondence analysis based on radiocarbon dated microliths assemblages of Early and Middle Mesolithic sites from Germany, Luxembourg, and the Low Countries. As a result, the sites can be divided into two chronological groups. On the one hand, the typologically defined microliths and the acquisition of raw material in the district of Trier point to a connection with the Early Boreal Mesolithic of the adjacent regions to the North and the Northwest. On the other hand, the connection to the southwestern German Beuronien B appears to have been relatively weak. To some extent the directional movements and their sequences can be reconstructed by considering the origins of the raw materials of microliths. The thus defined activity zones include the proposed catchment areas and networks of communication beyond these areas. This investigation revealed more extensive areas of activities for the Trier district during the 9th millennium than for the adjacent areas of the northern Eifel, the southern lower Rhineland and the \u201cBergisches Land\u201d.\r\n\r\nKey words \u2013 Archaeology; Early Boreal; ancient Middle Mesolithic; Germany; District of Trier; Eifel; AMS dating; botanical investigations; typochronology; lithic raw materials; mobility; activity zones","type":"researchdata_literature","resources":[{"description":"","format":"PDF","url":"http://data/sfb806db/D/D4/Koch_et_al_2017_Mittelmeso_Trier.pdf","created":"2018-01-12T14:14:37.376970","state":"active","package_id":"b9b25f30-71e1-442f-a3e5-cb9000c396c4","last_modified":"2021-10-22T14:10:34","id":"6154a71a-690d-48c3-975e-e6ad7657c1b5","name":"Koch_et_al_2017_Mittelmeso_Trier.pdf"}],"tags":[{"name":"LRQ01"},{"name":"LRQ13"},{"name":"LRQ17"},{"name":"LRQ2"},{"name":"ams-dates"},{"name":"anthracology"},{"name":"boreal period"},{"name":"eifel"},{"name":"forager mobility"},{"name":"lithic raw material"},{"name":"mesolithic chronology"},{"name":"mesolithic features"},{"name":"microliths"},{"name":"middle mesolithic"},{"name":"paleobotany"},{"name":"trier district"},{"name":"western germany"}],"extras":[{"key":"bibtex:address","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:author","value":"Koch, Ingrid and L\u00f6hr, Hartwig and Gehlen, Birgit"},{"key":"bibtex:booktitle","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:citation","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:doi","value":"https://doi.org/10.11588/ai.2017.1"},{"key":"bibtex:editor","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:howpublished","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:isbn","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:journal","value":"Arch\u00e4ologische Informationen"},{"key":"bibtex:month","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:number","value":"40"},{"key":"bibtex:organization","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:pages","value":"161-200"},{"key":"bibtex:publisher","value":"Deutsche Gesellschaft f\u00fcr Ur- und Fr\u00fchgeschichte e.V."},{"key":"bibtex:school","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:series","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:type","value":"article"},{"key":"bibtex:key","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:url","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:volume","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:year","value":"2017"},{"key":"Spatial","value":"{\"type\":\"Point\",\"coordinates\":[7.834,49.547]}"}],"groups":[{"image_url":"http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/fileadmin/template/images/projects/imageD4.png","name":"d4"}],"author":"Birgit Gehlen","author_email":false}{"help":"Update a dataset (package).\n\n You must be authorized to edit the dataset and the groups that it belongs\n to.\n\n Plugins may change the parameters of this function depending on the value\n of the dataset's ``type`` attribute, see the ``IDatasetForm`` plugin\n interface.\n\n For further parameters see ``package_create()``.\n\n :param id: the name or id of the dataset to update\n :type id: string\n\n :returns: the updated dataset (if 'return_package_dict' is True in the\n context, which is the default. Otherwise returns just the\n dataset id)\n :rtype: dictionary\n\n ","success":false,"error":{"message":"Unable to add package to search index: Solr returned an error: 500 Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock org.apache.lucene.store.LockObtainFailedException: Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock \tat org.apache.lucene.store.Lock.obtain(Lock.java:85) \tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.init(IndexWriter.java:1562) \tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.(IndexWriter.java:1418) \tat org.apache.solr.update.SolrIndexWriter.(SolrIndexWriter.java:191) \tat org.apache.solr.update.UpdateHandler.createMainIndexWriter(UpdateHandler.java:98) \tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.openWriter(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:173) \tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.addDoc(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:220) \tat org.apache.solr.update.processor.RunUpdateProcessor.processAdd(RunUpdateProcessorFactory.java:61) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.XMLLoader.processUpdate(XMLLoader.java:139) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.XMLLoader.load(XMLLoader.java:69) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.ContentStreamHandlerBase.handleRequestBody(ContentStreamHandlerBase.java:54) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.RequestHandlerBase.handleRequest(RequestHandlerBase.java:131) \tat org.apache.solr.core.SolrCore.execute(SolrCore.java:1317) \tat org.apache.solr.servlet.SolrDispatchFilter.execute(SolrDispatchFilter.java:338) \tat org.apache.solr.servlet.SolrDispatchFilter.doFilter(SolrDispatchFilter.java:241) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1157) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler.handle(ServletHandler.java:388) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.security.SecurityHandler.handle(SecurityHandler.java:216) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.SessionHandler.handle(SessionHandler.java:182) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandler.handle(ContextHandler.java:766) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.handle(WebAppContext.java:418) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandlerCollection.handle(ContextHandlerCollection.java:230) \tat or - \n\n\nError 500 Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock\n\norg.apache.lucene.store.LockObtainFailedException: Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock\n\tat org.apache.lucene.store.Lock.obtain(Lock.java:85)\n\tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.init(IndexWriter.java:1562)\n\tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.<init>(IndexWriter.java:1418)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.SolrIndexWriter.<init>(SolrIndexWriter.java:191)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.UpdateHandler.createMainIndexWriter(UpdateHandler.java:98)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.openWriter(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:173)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.addDoc(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:220)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.processor.RunUpdateProcessor.processAdd(RunUpdateP","__type":"Search Index Error"}}