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Paleoecological background of the Gravettian site of Ságvár, Hungary: radiocarbon dated malacological and sedimentological studies on the Late Pleistocene environment

Abstract

In this paper, the authors present new palaeoecological and sedimentological results from the Upper Palaeolithic site of Ságvár, Hungary. Simple (abundance and dominance) and advanced (cluster analysis, principal component analysis, correspondence) statistical analyses of malacological results were carried out, determining eight malacological zones (MZs) and the key species of the fauna evolution in the sequence. Furthermore, an age–depth model was calculated via Bayesian modelling using new radiocarbon age data. The accumulation rate (AR) was calculated by deriving data from the age–depth model. The palaeoecological reconstruction indicated a cool/cold climate and chiefly steppe environment, with low loess ARs. Not only the vegetation cover but also the geographical setting of the sequence could have led to the low AR values. However, in the uppermost part of the sequence, during the GS 3 and GS 2.1c stadials, the reconstructed palaeoclimate indicated a warming period. Nevertheless, this contradiction is not unique in the Carpathian Basin. The settled Upper Palaeolithic hunters around 22 300 cal a bp lived in a progressively warming wooded steppe environment, hunting mainly for reindeer. Climate change might have forced them to migrate away, following the reindeer.

Bibliography

Molnar, D., Sümegi, P., Makó, L., Cseh, P., Zeeden, C., Bösken, J., Lehmkuhl, F., Törőcsik, T., Sümegi, B. (2021): Paleoecological background of the Gravettian site of Ságvár, Hungary: radiocarbon dated malacological and sedimentological studies on the Late Pleistocene environment. – In: Journal of Quaternary Science, DOI: 10.1002/jqs.3306

Authors Molnar, David and Sümegi, Pál and Makó, L. and Cseh, P. and Zeeden, Christian and Bösken, Janina and Lehmkuhl, Frank and Törőcsik, T. and Sümegi, B.P.
Type article
Title Paleoecological background of the Gravettian site of Ságvár, Hungary: radiocarbon dated malacological and sedimentological studies on the Late Pleistocene environment
DOI 10.1002/jqs.3306
Journal Journal of Quaternary Science
Year 2021
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