Data


Population dynamics and socio-spatial organization of the Aurignacian: Scalable quantitative demographic data for western and central Europe

Abstract

Demographic estimates are presented for the Aurignacian techno-complex (~42,000 to 33,000 y calBP) and discussed in the context of socio-spatial organization of hunter-gatherer populations. Results of the analytical approach applied estimate a mean of 1,500 persons (upper limit: 3,300; lower limit: 800) for western and central Europe. The temporal and spatial analysis indicates an increase of the population during the Aurignacian as well as marked regional differences in population size and density. Demographic increase and patterns of socio-spatial organization continue during the subsequent early Gravettian period. We introduce the concept of Core Areas and Extended Areas as informed analytical spatial scales, which are evaluated against additional chronological and archaeological data. Lithic raw material transport and personal ornaments serve as correlates for human mobility and connectedness in the interpretative framework of this study. Observed regional differences are set in relation with the new demographic data. Our large-scale approach on Aurignacian population dynamics in Europe suggests that past socio-spatial organization followed socially inherent rules to establish and maintain a functioning social network of extremely low population densities. The data suggest that the network was fully established across Europe during the early phase of the Gravettian, when demographic as well as cultural developments peaked.

Resources

pdf Schmidt_Zimmermann_2019_journal.pone.0211562.pdf Accessed 32 times | Last updated 08.05.2019

Bibliography

Schmidt, I., Zimmermann, A. (2019): Population dynamics and socio-spatial organization of the Aurignacian: Scalable quantitative demographic data for western and central Europe. – In: PLoS ONE , Vol. 14(2), p: e0211562, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211562

Authors Schmidt, Isabell and Zimmermann, Andreas
Type article
Title Population dynamics and socio-spatial organization of the Aurignacian: Scalable quantitative demographic data for western and central Europe
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211562
Journal PLoS ONE
Year 2019
Volume 14
Number 2
Pages e0211562
Month February
Export BibTeX

Additional Metadata

Spatial {"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-25.5,71.5],[42,35.7],[42,35.7],[-25.5,35.7]]]}
Export RDF
Back to dataset list