{"name":"the-origins-of-agriculture-in-north-west-africa-macro-botanical-remains-from-epipalaeolithic-and","title":"The origins of agriculture in North-West Africa: macro-botanical remains from Epipalaeolithic and Early Neolithic levels of Ifri Oudadane (Morocco).","maintainer":"Joerg Linstaedter","maintainer_email":"joerg.linstaedter@uni-koeln.de","notes":"This research aims to shed light on the early stages of agricultural development in Northern Africa through the analysis of the rich macro-botanical assemblages obtained from Ifri Oudadane, an EpipalaeolithicEarly Neolithic site from North-East Morocco. Results indicate the presence of domesticated plants, cereals (Hordeum vulgare, Triticum monococcum/dicoccum, Triticum durum and Triticum aestivum/durum) and pulses (Lens culinaris and Pisum sativum) in the Early Neolithic. One lentil has been dated to 7611 37 cal BP representing the oldest direct date of a domesticated plant seed in Morocco and, by extension, in North Africa. Similarities in both radiocarbon dates and crop assemblages from Early Neolithic sites in Northern Morocco and the Iberian Peninsula suggest a simultaneous East to West maritime spread of agriculture along the shores of the Western Mediterranean. Wild plants were abundantly collected in both the Epipalaeolithic and the Early Neolithic periods pointing to the important role of these resources during the two periods. In addition to fruits and seeds that could have been consumed by both humans and domesticated animals, fragments of esparto grass (Stipa tenacissima) rhizomes have been identified. This is a western Mediterranean native plant that may have been used as a source of fibres for basketry.","type":"researchdata_literature","resources":[{"description":"","format":"URL","url":"http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030544031300040X","created":"2017-10-06T19:37:04.216598","state":"active","package_id":"24999cdf-9c65-41b7-8101-8a572a3e2152","last_modified":"2021-10-24T01:10:32","id":"39fcfb5c-75f2-45c8-8e78-35597fc1ae55","name":"http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030544031300040X"}],"tags":[{"name":"GQT2"},{"name":"LRQ7"}],"extras":[{"key":"bibtex:address","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:author","value":"Morales, J. and P\u00e9rez-Jord\u00e0, G. and Pe\u00f1a-Chocarro, L. and Zapata, L. and Ru\u00edz-Alonso, M. and L\u00f3pez-S\u00e1ez, J. A. and Linst\u00e4dter, J."},{"key":"bibtex:booktitle","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:citation","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:doi","value":"10.1016/j.jas.2013.01.026"},{"key":"bibtex:editor","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:howpublished","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:isbn","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:journal","value":"Journal of Archaeological Science"},{"key":"bibtex:month","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:number","value":"6"},{"key":"bibtex:organization","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:pages","value":"2659\u20132669"},{"key":"bibtex:publisher","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:school","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:series","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:type","value":"article"},{"key":"bibtex:key","value":"Origin of agriculture; Wild plant gathering; Basketry; Archaeobotany; Morocco; Epipalaeolithic; Early Neolithic"},{"key":"bibtex:url","value":""},{"key":"bibtex:volume","value":"40"},{"key":"bibtex:year","value":"2013"},{"key":"Spatial","value":"{\"type\":\"Point\",\"coordinates\":[-3.15,35.21]}"}],"groups":[{"image_url":"http://crc806db.uni-koeln.de/fileadmin/template/images/projects/imageC2.png","name":"c2"}],"author":" Joerg Linstaedter","author_email":false}{"help":"Update a dataset (package).\n\n You must be authorized to edit the dataset and the groups that it belongs\n to.\n\n Plugins may change the parameters of this function depending on the value\n of the dataset's ``type`` attribute, see the ``IDatasetForm`` plugin\n interface.\n\n For further parameters see ``package_create()``.\n\n :param id: the name or id of the dataset to update\n :type id: string\n\n :returns: the updated dataset (if 'return_package_dict' is True in the\n context, which is the default. Otherwise returns just the\n dataset id)\n :rtype: dictionary\n\n ","success":false,"error":{"message":"Unable to add package to search index: Solr returned an error: 500 Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock org.apache.lucene.store.LockObtainFailedException: Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock \tat org.apache.lucene.store.Lock.obtain(Lock.java:85) \tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.init(IndexWriter.java:1562) \tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.(IndexWriter.java:1418) \tat org.apache.solr.update.SolrIndexWriter.(SolrIndexWriter.java:191) \tat org.apache.solr.update.UpdateHandler.createMainIndexWriter(UpdateHandler.java:98) \tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.openWriter(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:173) \tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.addDoc(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:220) \tat org.apache.solr.update.processor.RunUpdateProcessor.processAdd(RunUpdateProcessorFactory.java:61) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.XMLLoader.processUpdate(XMLLoader.java:139) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.XMLLoader.load(XMLLoader.java:69) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.ContentStreamHandlerBase.handleRequestBody(ContentStreamHandlerBase.java:54) \tat org.apache.solr.handler.RequestHandlerBase.handleRequest(RequestHandlerBase.java:131) \tat org.apache.solr.core.SolrCore.execute(SolrCore.java:1317) \tat org.apache.solr.servlet.SolrDispatchFilter.execute(SolrDispatchFilter.java:338) \tat org.apache.solr.servlet.SolrDispatchFilter.doFilter(SolrDispatchFilter.java:241) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1157) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler.handle(ServletHandler.java:388) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.security.SecurityHandler.handle(SecurityHandler.java:216) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.servlet.SessionHandler.handle(SessionHandler.java:182) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandler.handle(ContextHandler.java:766) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.handle(WebAppContext.java:418) \tat org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandlerCollection.handle(ContextHandlerCollection.java:230) \tat or - \n\n\nError 500 Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock\n\norg.apache.lucene.store.LockObtainFailedException: Lock obtain timed out: NativeFSLock@\/var\/lib\/solr\/data\/index\/lucene-d6f7b3bf6fe64f362b4d45bfd4924f54-write.lock\n\tat org.apache.lucene.store.Lock.obtain(Lock.java:85)\n\tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.init(IndexWriter.java:1562)\n\tat org.apache.lucene.index.IndexWriter.<init>(IndexWriter.java:1418)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.SolrIndexWriter.<init>(SolrIndexWriter.java:191)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.UpdateHandler.createMainIndexWriter(UpdateHandler.java:98)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.openWriter(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:173)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.DirectUpdateHandler2.addDoc(DirectUpdateHandler2.java:220)\n\tat org.apache.solr.update.processor.RunUpdateProcessor.processAdd(RunUpdateP","__type":"Search Index Error"}}