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At the edge of the Cantabrian sea. New data on the Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological open-air site of Bañugues (Gozón, Asturias, Spain): Palaeogeography, geoarchaeology and geochronology

Abstract

Located at the center of the Cantabrian coast in a sedimentary terrace currently at the sea shore, the site of Bañugues (Gozón, Asturias) is one of the key places for studying the first settlements of the Iberian North. In the present work, we show the results of the geoarchaeological study undertaken on the bay of Bañugues and on the stratigraphic sections of the site that still subsist. Likewise, we have included the palaeogeographic study of the coast from the Cape Peñas area; the OSL ages obtained; and the revision (technological and taphonomic analysis) of the archaeological materials coming from the diggings of the 1970s. The lithostratigraphic sequence of Bañugues is composed of two well differentiated units: (1) lower, on the alteration of the substrate formed by breccia and silty and sandy materials with Palaeolithic remains, deposited by solifluction; (2) upper, disconforming from the other, formed by intertidal beachlike silt and sands, with technological remains from the Mesolithic. Concerning the chronology of the lithic materials from the Middle Palaeolithic, the fact that it was part of a solifluction deposit prevents at this moment its precise comprehension.

Bibliography

Álvarez-Alonso, D., Jordá Pardo, J., Carral, P., Flor-Blanco, G., Iriarte-Chiapusso, M., Kehl, M., Klasen, N., Maestro, A., Rodríguez Asensio, A., Weniger, G. (2020): At the edge of the Cantabrian sea. New data on the Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological open-air site of Bañugues (Gozón, Asturias, Spain): Palaeogeography, geoarchaeology and geochronology. – In: Quaternary International, Vol. 566–567, p: 284-302, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.04.025.

Authors Álvarez-Alonso, David and Jordá Pardo, Jesús F. and Carral, Pilar and Flor-Blanco, Germán and Iriarte-Chiapusso, María-José and Kehl, Martin and Klasen, Nicole and Maestro, Adolfo and Rodríguez Asensio, Adolfo and Weniger, Gerd-Christian
Type article
Title At the edge of the Cantabrian sea. New data on the Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological open-air site of Bañugues (Gozón, Asturias, Spain): Palaeogeography, geoarchaeology and geochronology
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2020.04.025.
Journal Quaternary International
Year 2020
Volume 566–567
Pages 284-302
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