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Defining the Early Neolithic of the Eastern Rif, Morocco e Spatial distribution, chronological framework and impact of environmental changes

Abstract

We provide a detailed chronological framework for the Early Neolithic of the Eastern Rif of Morocco.
Neolithic innovations such as pottery and domestic plants begin ca. 7.6 ka calBP, at which time plant
cultivation is clearly documented for cereals (Triticum monococcum/dicoccum, Triticum aestivum/durum,
Hordeum vulgare) and pulses (Lens culinaris, Pisum sativum, Vicia faba). This represents the earliest evidence
for Africa as a whole. The Early Neolithic ends ca. 6.3 ka calBP and is marked by the definitive
disappearance of Cardium-decorated pottery. The disintegration of the Early Neolithic dates to the interval
6.6e6.0 ka calBP, during which time a gradual desiccation of the Sahara has been observed. In the
Eastern Rif of Morocco, Saharan influences become visible after 6.0 ka calBP. These are characterised by
the presence of ivory objects and the appearance of comb-impressed pottery with so-called herringbone
motives

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Bibliography

Linstädter, J., Broich, M., Weninger, B. (2018): Defining the Early Neolithic of the Eastern Rif, Morocco e Spatial distribution, chronological framework and impact of environmental changes. – In: Quaternary International, Vol. 472B, p: 272-282, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.07.042

Authors Linstädter, Jörg and Broich, Manuel and Weninger, Bernhard
Type article
Title Defining the Early Neolithic of the Eastern Rif, Morocco e Spatial distribution, chronological framework and impact of environmental changes
DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.07.042
Journal Quaternary International
Year 2018
Volume 472B
Pages 272-282
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