This study investigates the dynamics of human demography and migration by considering regional and temporal variations in the size and density of hunter-gatherer populations during the Pleistocene. The aim is to develop a method for estimating regionally differentiated population densities in relation to the associated settlement and land-use patterns. This paper focuses on the Late Upper Palaeolithic, the period in which Northwestern and Central Europe were repopulated after the Last Glacial Maximum. A method based on GIS techniques was used to upscale archaeological data from sites to settlement areas and, finally, to the total area studied. Based on the spatial density of archaeological sites, GIS-calculated areas were interpreted as indicators for core areas of settlement by the Late Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer groups. The origins of the raw materials used on-site suggest the extent of seasonal or annual ranges of Pleistocene foragers. The size relation of the core areas and the raw material catchments are an indication of the number of hunter-gatherer groups in such settlement areas. Information on the subsistence strategies of Late Upper Palaeolithic foragers was used to reconstruct the size of prehistoric groups. The result is a model that includes regional and temporal variations in Late Upper Palaeolithic population densities and a preliminary consideration of the migration processes of Pleistocene hunter-gatherers.
Kretschmer_2019_Demographic_studies_of_hun.pdf Accessed 8 times | Last updated 11.12.2019
Kretschmer, I. (2019): Demographic studies of hunters and gatherers in the European Late Upper Palaeolithic. Verlag Ludwig. The Final Palaeolithic of Northern Eurasia. Proceedings of the Amersfoort, Schleswig and Burgos UISPP Commission Meetings, DOI: ISBN: 978-3-86935-363-0
|Title||Demographic studies of hunters and gatherers in the European Late Upper Palaeolithic|
|Booktitle||The Final Palaeolithic of Northern Eurasia. Proceedings of the Amersfoort, Schleswig and Burgos UISPP Commission Meetings|
|Editor||Berit Valentin Eriksen, Eelco Rensink and Susan Harris|
|Series||Schriften des Museums für Archäologie Schloss Gottorf, 13|