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Distinct lake level lowstand in Lake Prespa (SE Europe) at the time of the 74 (75) ka Toba eruption

Abstract

The 74 (75) ka Toba eruption in Sumatra, Indonesia, is considered to be one of the largest volcanic events during the Quaternary. Tephra from the Toba eruption has been found in many terrestrial and marine sedimentary deposits, and acidity peaks related to the eruption have been used to synchronize ice core records from Greenland and Antarctica. Seismic profiles and sedimentological data from Lake Prespa on the Balkan Peninsula, SE Europe, indicate a lake level lowstand at 73.6 7.7 ka based on ESR dating of shells. Tephrostratigraphy, radiocarbon dating and tuning of the total organic carbon content with the NGRIP isotope record, corroborate that the lake level lowstand was a short-term event superimposed on the general cooling trend at the end of MIS 5, most likely at the onset of the Greenland Stadial GS-20. Acknowledging that tectonic events or karst processes could have triggered this lake level lowstand, the chronological correspondence between the lowstand and the Toba eruption is intriguing. Therefore a Toba-driven short-term shift to aridity in the Balkan region, leading to lake level changes and triggering spatial expansion events in one of the lakes most abundant benthic species, the carino mussel Dreissena presbensis, cannot be excluded.

Resources

url Climate of the Past Accessed 193 times | Last updated 16.05.2014

Bibliography

Wagner, B., Leng, M. J., Wilke, T., Böhm, A., Panagiotopoulos, K., Vogel, H., Lacey, J. H., Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R. (2014): Distinct lake level lowstand in Lake Prespa (SE Europe) at the time of the 74 (75) ka Toba eruption. – In: Climate of the Past, p: 261-267, DOI: doi:10.5194/cp-10-261-2014

Authors Bernd Wagner and Melanie J. Leng and Thomas Wilke and Anne Böhm and Konstantinos Panagiotopoulos and Hendrik Vogel and Jack H. Lacey and Giovanni Zanchetta and Roberto Sulpizio
Type article
Title Distinct lake level lowstand in Lake Prespa (SE Europe) at the time of the 74 (75) ka Toba eruption
URL www.clim-past.net/10/261/2014/
DOI doi:10.5194/cp-10-261-2014
Journal Climate of the Past
Year 2014
Number 10
Pages 261-267
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