It is shown that steady large-scale slowly eastward-moving twin-cyclone coherent structures, the equatorial modons, exist in both one- and two layer versions of the rotating shallow water model on the equatorial beta plane. They arise via the process of “ageostrophic adjustment” from the analytic asymptotic modon solutions of the vorticity equation obtained in the limit of small pressure perturbations. Evolution of these structures in adiabatic and moist-convective environments, and also in the presence of topography is analysed, showing their robustness in the one-layer model. It is demonstrated that moist convection enhances and helps maintain the modons. In the two-layer model the barotropic and quasi-barotropic modons display similar to one-layer modon features, while increasing baroclinicity leads to eventual loss of coherence and arrest of the eastward propagation. Some features of equatorial modons resemble those observed in the Madden-Julian Oscillation events in tropical atmosphere, which hints at their possible relevance to the dynamics of this phenomenon.
https://doi.org/10.1080/03091929.2020.1805448 Accessed 26 times | Last updated 23.08.2020
Rostami, M., Zeitlin, V. (2020): Eastward-moving equatorial modons in moist-convective shallow-water models. Taylor & Francis – In: Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, DOI: 10.1080/03091929.2020.1805448
|Authors||Rostami, Masoud and Zeitlin, Vladimir|
|Title||Eastward-moving equatorial modons in moist-convective shallow-water models|
|Journal||Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|