Eastward-moving equatorial modons in moist-convective shallow-water models


It is shown that steady large-scale slowly eastward-moving twin-cyclone coherent structures, the equatorial modons, exist in both one- and two layer versions of the rotating shallow water model on the equatorial beta plane. They arise via the process of “ageostrophic adjustment” from the analytic asymptotic modon solutions of the vorticity equation obtained in the limit of small pressure perturbations. Evolution of these structures in adiabatic and moist-convective environments, and also in the presence of topography is analysed, showing their robustness in the one-layer model. It is demonstrated that moist convection enhances and helps maintain the modons. In the two-layer model the barotropic and quasi-barotropic modons display similar to one-layer modon features, while increasing baroclinicity leads to eventual loss of coherence and arrest of the eastward propagation. Some features of equatorial modons resemble those observed in the Madden-Julian Oscillation events in tropical atmosphere, which hints at their possible relevance to the dynamics of this phenomenon.


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Rostami, M., Zeitlin, V. (2020): Eastward-moving equatorial modons in moist-convective shallow-water models. Taylor & Francis – In: Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, DOI: 10.1080/03091929.2020.1805448

Authors Rostami, Masoud and Zeitlin, Vladimir
Type article
Title Eastward-moving equatorial modons in moist-convective shallow-water models
DOI 10.1080/03091929.2020.1805448
Journal Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics
Year 2020
Publisher Taylor & Francis
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